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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Shakti
personification of divine feminine creative power
Shiva
part of the Trimurti of Brahman. The destroyer or the “friendly one”. Often represented by the lingam and yoni
Shruti
heard” Revealed or sacred texts considered to be eternal and not authored by a person. (I.e. Vedas)
Smarti
“remembered” inspired texts derived from the Vedas and composed by human authors. (Christian Example: New Testament)
Trimurti
of the “personal God” (aka Saguna Brahman)
Upanishads
philosophical parts of the Vedas. Pertain nature and origin of the universe, human beings, ultimate reality and path to salvation. Intended only for serious seekers.
Vaishnavites
devotees of Vishnu and his various incarnations or avatars. Largest group of Hindus. Found in North India
Varnas
4 major castes or classes
Vedas-
sacred knowledge” Hinduism’s earliest writings. Believed to be heard by the rishis or sages 8000-6000 BCE, written down 1500-500 BCE. 6 times the size of the Bible.
Vishnu
the preserver or supreme Lord. Has avatars, including Rama, Krishnu and 8 others including the Buddha
Bhakti yoga
- way to God through devotion. The most popular of the 4 yogas. To love and adore God w/every element of your body. Closest to Christianity.
Jnana yoga
way to God through knowledge. Shortest but steepest path to God. Sannyasins usually practice Jnana yoga
Karma yoga
way to God through deeds, Finding God through work and service to others, Considered worship when it’s done for the sake of God and not through the thought of any material reward.
Raja karma
the royal road to re-integration” way to God through psychological exercises and experiments on one’s body and soul, The goal is to train the mind to be completely absorbed in God.
Ahimsa
non-violence
Ajiva
"no soul” all inanimate substances; matter
Anekantwad
“non-absoluteness” The Jain principle of relativity or open-mindedness
Carvaka
philosophy of enlightened hedonism; no clear founder, materialistic naturalism, atheistic.