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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Paragraph
closely related sentences developing one topic
Types of Paragraph
Descriptive
Narrative
Expository
Persuasive
Explain Types of a Paragraph
D-appeals to the senses through images
E-Informs of Explains
N-Tells a story, chronologically
P-Influences the readers opinion
Topic Sentence

Body

Clincher
TS-Explains the main idea of the paragraph

Bd-Supports/develops the TS

Cl-Restates the main idea/"So What"
Topic Sentence
focuses on one specific point
Body/Methods of Development
Descriptive-Sensory details-Details that appeal to the senses

Expository-Facts and statistics-statements that can be proved

Narrative-Narrative Details-Tells a story

Persuasive-Examples-concrete instances or examples
Short Story
account of a single incident or expierience that reflects upon hn, hf, and he.
Human Nature
the way man reacts
Human Feelings
emotions
Human Condition
the state all humans expierience taht are unavoidable
Functions of Setting
Create Mood

Reveal Character

Cause of Influence Action
Character
Ppl in a work of fiction and the physical and psycological characteristics of those ppl
3 ways to discovering characters
speech
action
thoughts
plot
arranged sequence of related events
traits
as opposed to feelings, are consistent over long periods of time
conflict
struggle or clash between opposing forces
Conflict=Internal, External
IN-w/in main character;conscience or emotion

EX-struggle against an outside force;another character, thing, nature, society...
exposition
setting, character, and conflict is introduced
rising action
charater deals with conflict
climax
character makes a decision, discovery, or takes disicive action to end the conflict
Falling Action
what happens right after the climax immediately
resolution
loose ends are tied up, conflict is resolved
theme
underlying message the author is trying to explain (universal)
clues to discovering theme
1.Title
2.Main character undergoes change
3.How is the conflict resolved
4.Direct statements
allusion
reference to a statement, or a noun from literature, mythology, history, religion, politics, pop-culture
foreshawdoing
hints or clues that may come later in the plot
mood
how the reader feels
symbolism
noun of event that stands for itself or something beyond itself
tone
how the author feels
irony
contrast between expectancy and reality
types of irony/explain
verbal-being sarcastic

situational-contrast between expectancy and reality

dramatic-know something a character doesnt
how to idenify a hero
-obscure origin
-neither fools nor invincible
-called upon to make a large journey
-hero's way is not always direct or clear
-heros way has dangers, temptation, loneliness
-guide or guides
history as an event
all inclusive, everything is in it
big
happens once and then gone
no longer seen
caused by many things
history as an account
selective
things left out of the account
smaller
can be used in the present
visible
created, someone's perspective
what shapes accounts
ethnocentrism
skills/talents
experiences
knowledge/ideas
importance/purpose
institutions (6)
Economy-The way man uses his enviroments to fill his material needs
Government-Need for law and order
Religion-need for shared beliefs
Education-need for knowlege and learning
Family-need to care and raise kids
Language/Arts/Self Expression-need for communication
griot, jula, djeleba, bard
teller of families
camels
bactrian-2 humps, 400 lbs, 25 miles a day

dromedary-1 hump, 100 miles a day
tributes/tributary societies
gifts that conquered ppl give,
Sundiata Kieta-kafu
-one big Muslim family, wanted to unite mali through religion
-lets the farmers keep malinka to keep industrial revolution "Green Revolution" (grains and peanuts)
-"Protector of the Malinka"
-armies of 10,000---1,000 cavalry
madrasas
schools to learn the Koran
shites

sunnis
shites-desendant of M.=Fatima

sunni-caliph or qualified "official"
4 caliphs
1.Abu Bakr=father-in-law
2.Uman Ibn al-Khattab
3.Uthman Ibn Affan
4.Ali-son in law
split in caliphs
-Uthmans family wanted revenge, so Mu'awiyah moves capital to Damascus (Umayyads), and became calliph, son Yazid come to power and Muslim permanantly splits,
-Umayyads=greates territorrial expansion
conquered all of North AFrica and into Spain, stopped at Battle of Tours by Charles Martel
Abbasid Dynasty
-height of islamic civilization
-1055, Turks take over and allow the caliph to rule
-1258, Mamluks stop mongols
-1453, Ottomans take over
people of the Han
chinese ppl
kunlunshan, tienshan, alta, himmalayas, and tibet plataeu
mountains
gobi taki
deserts
assets/liabilities of the geography
mountains/desert-barbarians cant get in, water from the melting snow

liabilities-cant get out
rivers...
Yellow river-Huang He (Chinas sorrow)

Xi Jiang-West river

Chang Jiang-Yangtze
hegemony
takeover the world through economic development
Pan Gu
18,000 yrs, chaos, shells=heaven and earth
cities
1.Palace and temple
2.Government officials houses, public buildings
3.Artisan houses, and workshops
4.Graveyards
shang kings
spoke to gods, ancestor worship, talk w/ dieties of nature
confusianism
-Kongzl
-code of behavior
-thought he was a failure
-know your duties in society
-world=inequality
-filialpiety (son helps parents;mom "chooses" wife)
5 relationships
ruler-subject
husband-wife
father-son
older brother-younger brother
friend-friend
Buddhism
-Siddartha Gautama (Sakyamuni) 566
-Kshatriya prince
-Why do ppl suffer/hermit, renunciation/tempted by Mara during enlightenment
-Sakyamuni, Amida Buddha, Healing Buddha, etc
-took from Hinduism/reincarnation, nirvana, Karma
-The Revadas-teacher Buddha/Mataynas=Buddha should be worshipped as a savior
4 Noble truths
-Life is full of pain and suffering
-Suffering is caused by craving
-To stop suffering, stop craving
-To accomplish this, follow the Eightfold Path
Eightfold Path
Proper/Correct...
-views
-effort
-action
-livlihood
-speech
-meditation
-awareness
-thoughts
Daoism
-Lao-Tzu 604
-"The Way", idividuals relationship w/ nature
-Humans reject...wealth, power, adn ambition
-Must... attune yourself to nature, free from desire, humble yourself, balance life w/ nature, and lilve a harmonious life
-Wu Wei, to act w/o action
-Dao De Jing-Daoist idea book, their Bible
-must have inequalities
-Compasion=Courage, Generosity=Balance, and Humility=Leadership
-water is soft but erodes all things
Chinas Examination Hell
-study and learn
-not socialy adapt, no ppl skills
-Civil Service Exam=test for gov
-scholars, lots of influence, family gains status
-Bureacracy=branches rule, "red tape"
-scholars=bureacrats
-start studying at 3 yrs old/taught by mom
-start to use Primer of 1000 Characters
-went to school at 7 yrs old
-sent to village, private school, or tutored
-knew the 4 Books and the 5 Classics
-200 characters per day
-at age 15, you know 431,286 characters
-no math or science
-when you are a scholar, grow out fingernails
Christianity/Rome
-eurot-sit on ass and inherit
-600, church picks up pieces to puzzle, elect "papa"
-pope was religious and political
-Theocracy
-Mesada=70 AD
Midevel Europe
-trade no more until 1100
-5th to 15th=Middle Ages
-5th to 11th= early, 11th to 15th=late
-RCC rules all/tries heretics, (excommunicated), sets up schools, monastaries, and convents
-Preserved Greco-Roman culture
-taxes, repair roads/acqueducts/bridges, and tithe
-church crowned kings
Feudalism
-fuedalism=political system based on land ownership (fief) for military service and loyalty
Homage
-feudal ceremony that establishes the "contract" between vassal and Lord
1.vassal recieves land from the lord-fief
2.in return, vassals give services for lord
3.certain amount of knights for battle
4.40-60 days in the army
5.food and lodging when the lord visits
6.gifts when the lords children marry
7.ransom for lords
chivalry
-code of behavior for nobles, especially kings
1.brave in battle
2.fight fairly
3.keep promises
4.defend the church
5.treat women of noble birth with courtesy
6.become basis of proper etiquette in western society
knighthood
PAGE-7 yrs, sent to a nobles house to learn proper manners and some weaponry
SQUIRE-15 yrs, apprentice to a knight, aid a knight, care for horses, clean weapons, shine armor, use weapons properly
KNIGHTING-dubbed knight(in a church) at age 18-20
Manorialsim
-land is money-economic system that describes ties between nobles and peasents
-farmed the land, prepaired bridges and roads
-manor had to be self-sufficient (no trade), and the smithys,carpenters, etc lived on the manor
early middle ages architecture
Romanesque
low, narrow windows, low cielings, dark, walls are thick, simple, not fancy
late middle ages
Gothic
elaborate, spines, roofs are high
womens rights
-noblewomen had almost no rights, arranged marriages, midevil women did everything on the manor except working the plows
-during seiges when the men were gone, women fought
-church festivals on sundays
Peace of G-d/Truth of G-d
POG-no fighting in churches
TOG-no fighting on holy days
Magna Carta/clergys
-King John 1, 1215
-first time the power of the kings were limited (small taxes, protected rights, required trials of nobles)
-monastary, life of work, meditation, law of silence, simple clothes and food
-secular clergy-had contact w/ outside world
-regular clergy-Benidctine rules of poverty, chastity, and obedience, no contact w/ outside world
Troubled Church
-loses power gradually
-Babylonian captivity=Pope moves to Avio, France (France is strong, monarchs have more power)
-Great Schism (1378-1417), two popes in France/Rome
-undermined pope authority, popes are perfect, how can there be 2 popes
-resolved by electing third pope, Martin V
Reformation of the Church
-pple were tired of fees for everything
-simony ($)
-Nepotism (family)
Jon Wyclyffe
-tranlates Bible from latin
-ppl can interperet Bible for themselves
-Lallerds, destroy pics. of saints, mass, and ate commmunion bread w/ onion
===dont need rituals, just interperet the Bible
Jon Hus
-Husites wanted control of Bohemia
-Hus burned at stake by mob
-Church says--keep your country but keep your alliance to the RCC
7 sacrements
-baptism-become member of Church
-holy eucharist-take communion
-confermation-confirm your belief in
G-d of the Church
-pennance-confesion
-holy matrimony
-annointing-last rights
-holy orders-monks and nuns "marriage" to G-d