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29 Cards in this Set

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Allegory
the symbolic embodiment of generalizations intended to reflect an aspect of experience.
Program
The conceptual basis of a work
Archaic
Greek art dating between 650 and 480 BCE is called Archaic. Sculpture of this period is typified by the stiff, frontal stance, heavily sylized hair, and the set, artificial smile
classic
refers to art of ancient greece and rome and in general to any art based on a rational and regular structure which emphasizes horizontal and vertical lines, balance and proportion
hellenistic
art of the gree empire after death of alexander the great in 323 BCE until the first century
Kouros
Literally greek for young man. A nude male statue of the archaic period
Contrapposto
the positioning of the human figure so that one part is turned in opposition to another part along a central axis
baptistery
a small building, seperate from the main church, and often octagonal or circular
arch
a curved strucural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks that transmit the downward pressure laterally
roman arch
semi-circular or true round arch
arcade
a series of arches supported by columns or piers
facade
the front of a building, may designate the other sides of a building if they are emphasized architecturally
vault
a masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the principle of the arch
tunnel or barrel vault
a semicircular arch extended in depth
rib vault
a vault supported by masonry ribs
groin vault
two intersecting vaults
apse
a large semicircular or polygonal niche protrudin from the end wall of an axial building such as a basilica
basilica
a rectangular shaped building for assemblies
bay
a division of a building, either inside or out, created by supporting members such as walls, columsn, or buttresses
centering
temporary support system for an arch, dome, or vault that is under construction
coffered ceiling
a ceiling having sunken panels, often ornamental
triumphal arch
a freestanding, massive stone gateway with a large central arch, built as urban ornament or to celebrate military victories
keystone
the central stone at the top of an arch; it holds the other stones in place
canon
a rule or set of principles or standards, most commonly for the forms or proportions of architecture or the human figure in art
heraldic arrangement
a design having elements that are repeated in reverse or "mirrored
hieratic proportions
the arranging of figures or symbols in art according to the rank or authority of the persons represented; also determining the size of figures according to rank rather than according to perspective
registers
in a painting or relief sculpture, seperate bands or divisions created by the use of multiple groundlines
sela/stele
an upright carved stone slab or pillar used as a grave or site marker
mosaic
a method of creating designs with small colored stone or glass pieces which are affixed to a cement surface