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6 Cards in this Set

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several military expeditions A.D. 1095-A.D. 1272, supported bythe Catholic Church, to win the Holy Land back from the Seljuk Turks; the Holy Land included Jerusalem and parts of present-day Israel and Jordan
Crusades
pope who developed reforms begun by Pope Gregory VII, began the Crusades, and built political power for the papacy; lived A.D.1035-1099)
Pope Urban II
French religious leader who led one of the the bands of the First Crusade; lived A.D. 1050-1115
Peter the Hermit
Muslim leader who became sultan of Egypt and ultimately defeated the Crusades; was a man of learning and a patron of the arts; lived A.D. 1137-1193
Saladin
a small region at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea, also known as Palestine, which includes parts of modern Israel and Muslims
Holy Land
the capital city of modern Israel; a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims
Jerusalem