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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Charlemagne
Great Christian leader of the Franks, Charles the Great, he felt learning was important
King John
English king crowned in 1199, the Magna Carta was written to limit his powers
Cathedrals
Large or important Christian churches
Calligraphy
Art of producing beautiful writing, often created with a special pen or brush
Dark Ages
900-year period after the fall of the Roman Empire and before the Renaissance
Magna Carta
Legal document or charter written to limit the power of a king, especially King John who was forced to sign it
Battlement
a wall around the top of a castle, with spaces in it where people inside the castle can shoot through
Crusades
A holy or religous war fought by Christians to free Jerusalem from mainly Muslim Turks
Black Death
a disease or plague that killed a very large number of people in Europe in the Middle Ages
Chivalry
A set of rules of behavior for Knights, putting a high value on purity, honour, kindness and bravery
Guild
Organization of trade and craft workers
Oath of Fealty
A vassal's promise to be a faithful and loyal servant to his lord
Knight
Soldiers who protected the lords manor, trained from a very young age, usually son’s of noble’s
Serf
A peasant or farmer who worked on a noble’s land, manor or great estate
Lord
A noble who owned and controlled a large piece of land, manor or great estate
Vassal
A noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty
Feudal System
A way of organizing and governing society, based on protection for loyalty
Noble
People of the upper class in the Feudal System
Fief
Piece of land sometimes given to a knight
Feudalism
A system of loyalty for protection
Chain Mail
A type of armor
Squire
A knight in training
Vikings
A group of barbarians who invaded Europe
Joust
A mock battle
Journeyman
A trade or craft worker who is one step from a master
Apprentice
A trade or craft worker who is in training and runs errands and does chores
Charge
Symbol on a shield
Coat of Arms
Identifies one Knight from another