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25 Cards in this Set

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temperate
mild climate
deforestation
clearing land to make space for farms and cities
navigable
able to be traveled by boats or ships
Middle Ages
Period in European History between AD 500 and the 1500's
manor
large self sufficient estate granted to a Lord and worked by serfs
feudalism
system for organzing and governing society based on land and service
lord
noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor
vassal
noble who was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty
fief
a property given to a vassal in exchange for loyalty
guild
organization of workers in a trade or craft
Magna Carta
legal document written by English lords in 1215 that stated certain rights and limited the power of the king
Renaissance
period of great cultural and artistic change that began in Italy and spread through Europe
humanism
idea important to the Renaissance that focused on human values and what people can achieve in the world
patron
a supporter of the arts
monastary
a community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion
nun
a woman who devotes her life to religion often living in a convent
Cathederal
a large or important Christian church
Crusade
any of the journeys or battles undertaken by European Christians to win control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
saint
a woman or man considered by a religious grou to be especially holy
plague
a terrible disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
indulgence
a pardon or forgiveness given by the Roman Catholic Church to people who act against Christian teachings
reform
to change
Reformation
a movement beginning in Europe in the 1500's to bring reform to the Roman Catholic Church and leading to Protestantism
Protestantism
beliefs of Christians who opposed or protested against the Roman Catholic Church...the beliefs of people who follow the Protestant religion today
armada
a fleet of warships