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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Salvarsan was used to treat...
syphilis
List 4 sources from which antibiotics are derived.
1. penicillium
2. bacillus
3.streptomyces
4. cephalosporium
Broad spectrum drugs that disrupt the body's normal flora often cause...
superinfections
Penicillins and cephalosporins...
block peptidases that cross link glycan molecules
Sulfanamides...
are metabolic analogues of PABA and block folic acid synthesis
Aminoglycosides...
attach to the 30S ribosomal subunit and disrupt protein sysnthesis
Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin and penicillin G all have...
a beta lactam ring
A chemical that inhibits beta lactamase enzymes is...
imipenam
List 4 characteristics of cephalosporins...
1. have a beta lactam ring
2. greater resistance to beta lactamase
3. newer generations have activity against gram negatives
4. many administered by injection, not orally
List 4 antimicrobials that inhibit cell wall synthesis?
1. vancomycin
2. cephalosporins
3. penicillins
4. clavamox
Gram neg rods are often treated with...
aminoglycosides
This drug is used to treat tbc.
isoniazid
List 4 antibiotics that interfere with protein synthesis.
1. aminoglycosides
2. tetracyclines
3. erythromycin
4. chloramphenicol
List 4 characteristics of fluoroquinolones.
1. broad spectrum
2. include ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin
3. used to treat respiratory, urinary, and sexually transmitted infections
4. readily absorbed from the intestines
macrolides dirupt cell membrane function. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
The drug that can cause aplastic anemia, and is used to treat typhoid fever and brain abscesses is...
chloramphenicol
The drug used against intestinal anarobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic associated colitis is...
clindamycin
The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious fungal infections is...
amphotericin B
The drug used for several protozoal infections is...
metronidazol
Mebendazole, niclosamide and ivermectin are drugs used to treat________ infections.
helminthic.