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8 Cards in this Set

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What is the most common form of Campylobacter?
C. jejuni, although there are other species. These are slender curved or spiral Gram- bacteria propelled by polar flagella at one or both poles. They are inhabitanys of the intestinal tract, genitourinary and oral cavity of humans and animals.
What happens once C. jejuni is ingested?
It reaches the mucosa at the last segment of the small intestine near its junction with the colon. they burrow through the mucosa.
Incubation is 1-7 days.
What is the mechanism of pathology?
It involves a heat labile enterotoxin that stimulates a secretory diarhhea like that of cholera.
Can neuromuscular disease ever occur from Campylobacteriosis?
Occasionally, infection with this bacterium can lead to Guillain-Barre syndrome.
What is Guillain-Barre' syndrome?
It appears to be an autoimmune reaction that can be brought on by infection with viruses and bacteria, by vaccination and even by surgery.
The single most common precipitating event for the onset of GBS is Campylobacter infection. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
How is diagnosis achieved with Campylobacter?
Stool sample analysis.
Is there a treatment for campylobacter?
Rehydration, and seriously infected patients require erythromycin.
Vaccines do not exist at this time, and rigid sanitary control is highly recommended.