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68 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Acetobactor Aceti
found in:
causes: can make vinegars with it...Pasteur found it
Anabaena Azollae
found in:
causes:"Red Tide"
...photosynthetic (used in the process of photosynthesis in plants)...there are not too many pathogens. (Blue/Green)
Archaeobacteria (aka the "old bacberia")
found in:
...unique...doesn't look like anything else.
-3 characteristics:
1.methanobacterium, and methanosarcina-...made from poopie.
2.halofiles (organism that requires a salty environment)...salt-loving, grown in 15-20% sodium chloride.=Dead Sea, and Salt Lake.
3. Thermo-acetophiles. (archaebacteria that thrive in strongly acidic environments at high temperatures) HIGH temps, and low pH.
Azotobacter Chroococcum
found in:
...Nitrogen fixer...puts Nitrogen back into the soil...helps grow cash plants like soy, beans, and alfalfa that take Nitrogen out of the soil. (every other season...)
Bacillus Anthracis
found in:
...biological warfare agent (Anthrax)
...shape:large rod
Bacillus Subtilis
found in: dirt, air/non-pathogenic (you can breathe it in, or bathe in it, and it wont hurt you.)
...larger rod...we use it in lab all the time (B Sub.)
Bacteroides fragilis
found in: intestinal tract
Bordetella Pertussis
found in:
Borrelia Burgdorferi
found in:
causes:"lime disease"...transmitted by ticks, and causes a flu-like symptoms/fever...
Canida Albicans
found in:
causes:Vaginal Yeast Infection, "THRUSH", and the 1st symptoms of aids
...treatment" diflucan
Chlamydia Trachomatis
found in: STD
causes: named for "Traucoma" of the eye; in India, Africa...eyes are puffy and dripping...don't see traucoma in U.S...more likely to see STD's in the U.S...Organism and Chlamydia share O.I.P's (obligar intracellular particles)
Clostridium Botulinum
found in:
...MOST TOXIC organism known to man...has spores which make it very resistant.
Clostridium Difficile
found in:
causes:A.A.P.M.C...anti-biotic associated pseudo-membrane colitis
...O.D. of oral anti-biotics...if you wipd out all of the white blood cells, these guys get going, and attack you
Clostridium Perfringens
found in:tissues that are breaking down...common in poopie, and in your GUT
shape:medium-large rod
...anaerobic (can survive without oxygen)
Clostridium Tetani
found in:deep wounds
causes:Tetanus, tetani spasms
Corynebacterium Diptheriae
found in:
...we have all had the DPT vaccine...(Diptheria, Whooping Cough, and Tetanus)
Entomeba Histolytica
found in:
Escherichia Coli
found in: POOPIE
causes: dihaerrea
...very common in the south..."Traveler's dihaerrea"
Helicobacter Pylori
found in:
causes: Ulcers's a bacterium...treat it with antibacteria
Histoplasma Capsulatum
found in: pigeon poop
causes:if you breathe it in, it goes into your lungs...HISTOPLASMOSIS
...AIDS..."Thrush," and histoplasmosis.
...a fungus
Legionella Pneumophila
found in: polluted water
causes: pneumonia
Methanobacterium, AND Methanosarcina
found in: made from POOPIE.
Microsporum Canis
found in:pets
causes: Ringworm of the arm.
...It's a mold: localized infection
Mycobacterium Leprae
found in:
Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
found in:
causes: "walking pneumonia," respiratory problems, and PAP: primary atypical pneumonia
...common during Jan, Feb,...when you're sick, but not really enough to go to the doc.
Nitrobacter Winogradskyi
found in:
...chemoautotrophic:...obtains its nourishment through the oxidation of inorganic chemical compounds as opposed to photosynthesis
found in:
Penicillium Notatum
found in:
...MOLD used to produce penicillin.
Penicillium Roqueforti
found in:found in blue cheese dressing
Rickettsia Rickettsii
found in: Ticks (tick-bourne disease)
causes: Rocky-Mountain-Spotted-fever
...Prokaryotic cell.
Rizobium Leguminosarum
found in: Roots of plants
causes: Ammonia
... Symbiotic Nitrogen fixer...but requires a plant.
Saccharomyces Carlsbergensis
found in:
...multi-cellular fungi
Saccaromyces Cervisiae
found in:
...multi-cellular fungi
...used for food and WINE.
makes you curvy...
Salmonella Choleraesuis
found in: POOPIE, and polluted drinking water
Shigella Dysenteriae
found in: Food at STreet vendors in foriegn countries.
causes:Cholera, "Rice-water stools," Typhoid fever, Gastro-Intestinal Infection (GI) "Montezuma's Revenge"
...caused many deaths in the Civil WAr..poop in the streams that the soldiers would drink.
Staphlococcus Aureus
found in: boils and blisters w/puss
causes: Pheumoniae, T.S.S., food poisoning, and Cellulitis
STaphylococcus Epidermis
found in: skin
...stops pathogens (to stop them, you have to burn them.) Isolation of the pathogens so you don't get infected
STreptococcus Pneumoniae
found in:
causes: pneumoniae, Diarrhea
Strepptocuccus pyogenes
found in:
causes: Strepp throat, and Scarlet fever. (childhood fever.)
Toxoplasma Gondii
found in: Animals
causes: Toxoplasmosis...animal diseases that can be given to men.
...pregnant women get it from cats..and so do AIDS patients.
Treponema Pallidum
found in:
causes: STD
..."blue nose disease"
Vibrio Cholerae
found in:
causes: Herpes, dehydration, and death.
...CUrved Rod.
Yersinia Pestis
found in:
..."plague doctor"
waht is a viroid?
An infectious particle, similar to but smaller than a virus, that consists solely of a strand of RNA and is capable of causing disease in plants.
What is a Prion?
a microscopic piece of protein...similar to a virus...that is thought to induce degenerative neurologial diseases.
What is "Scrapie"?
A disease common in sheep that causes them to "scrape" against fences and barns. (cjdrypsfeld jacob disease-MADCOW DISEASE)
Can microorganisms survive in blood?
organism that can stand extreme temperatures...but NOT LAVA
Name 6 reasons why to study micro:
1.ubiquitous districution...THEY ARE EVERYWHERE
2.Ideal experimental subjects...they are easy to work with
3.They cause a variety of disease
4.They play a crucial role in nature (N fixation etc)
5.Role in genetic engineering...genetic cloning
6.They are a possible source of food...(yeast = bread)
What is the most well-known Prokaryotic organism?
What is the most well-known Eukaryotic organism?
What is an auto-trobe?
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
What is a Hetero-troph
organic carbon...An organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is dependent on complex organic substances for nutrition.
Entomeba histolytica
"Hershey's squirts"
What is simple staining?
using only one reagant
which type of staining is a positive change.
Basic Stain.
WHich type of staining is a negative change?
Acidic stain
Which type of staining brings no type of change to an organism?
Neutral stain
How does staining work?
when staining, use a stain with an opposite charge of an organism...because opposites attract and the dye will stick
Who discovered the Gram Stain?
Christian Gram
which type of stain did Erlich use to discover the syphillus vaccine?
Acid-fast staining....
Waht color are cells if they are acid-fast?
they are Red
Waht color are cells if they are not acid-fast?
Which is the only type of cell able to perform Nitrogen-Fixation?
Which type of Organism is able to grow at high temperatures? (extreme thermophilly)
get energy from the oxidation of inorganic substances, and get Carbon from CO2.
Which type of cell is Poly Beta Hydroxy Butyric Acid (PBH) found?
PHB is found only in Prokaryotic cells.
How do you stain spores?
boil them.