Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is not associated with bacterial flagella
fimbriae (short thin appendages thast help cells adhere to surfaces)
Pili and fimbrae are ____________ than flagella
what is primary stain of gram stain
crystal violet
what is secondary stain of gram stain
what is the mordant of the gram stain
characteristics of Viruses
have protein coat, DNA OR RNA (not both), cannot replicate by themselves, are very small, acellular
LPS is
an endotoxin
acid fast bacteria contain ____% mycolic acid
contains 60% mycolic acid
in the gram stain, crystal violet
is repelled by peptidoglycan
lag phase
time required for bacteria to adapt, no division
exponential (log) phase
rate of cell division depends on bacterial strain and conditions
stationary phase
dividing and dying bacteria at equilibrium. reduced nutrients
Death or decline phase
more deaths than new cells
Phases of bacterial growth
lag, exponential (log), stationary, death or decline
Metabolism =
the sum of catabolism + anabolism
Occurs in cytoplasm of most cells. Net gain of 2 ATP molecules. Divided in 3 stages /10 steps
3 stages of glycolysis
Energy-Investment stage
Lysis Stage
Energy Conserving Stage
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid completely oxidized to produce ATP by series of Redox reactions
CIRCULAR double stranded DNA molecules that are "extras" They are resistant to antibiotics.
what do both 70s and 80s ribosomes have in common?
They both have two subuntis and they both synthesize proteins
uptake of material by enclosing them in vacuoles (larger) and vesicles (smaller) that pinch off the PM.
large particles /microbes enclosed in phagocytic vacuole or phagosome and engulfed
small amounts of material are pinched off in pinosomes
primary lysosomes
newly formed
secondary lysosomes
primary lysosomes that fuse with phagosomes
type of plastid. Contains chlorophill, uses light energy in photosynthesis
uses light energy to convert CO2 and H20 into carbohydrates and H20.
cell division
cellular respiration and ATP production. Powerhouse of cell
golgi complex
sorting proteins