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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hans-Christian Gram
Invention of Gram-Staining technique
Ersnt Ruska
Invention of 1st electron microscope
Fritz Zernike
Invention of phase contrast microscope
1.Proposition of "The Theory of Spontaneous Generation"
2.instructed Alexander the Great to boil H2O and bury their excreta
Francesco Redi
The 1st one to refute the spontaneous generation theory" by conducting experiences w/ meat in gauze-covered glass jar.
John Needham
pro spontaneous generation
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
proved the indispensability of oxygen to animals. con spontaneous generation (s.p.)
Felix Archimede Poucher
pro s. p. theorie of force plastique generating life in boiled and cotton-plugged broths
Louis Pasteur
con s. p. demonstrated that the air carries the particles by using infusions in swan-necks flasks
Marcus Varro
proposed animalia minuta enter the body and cause disease
Girolamo Fracastoro
proposed that seminaria contagionum(contageous seeds) can be transmitted by direct contact, inanimate objects, air. Proposed a relationship between disease and putrefaction
Agostino Bassi
1st to associate a microorganism with a specific disease-> silkworm caused by fungus
Robert Koch
1.Developed pure culture techniques
2.adopted agar (Mrs Fannie Hess suggestion)
3.demonstrated the etiology of anthrax (cattle black scar)
4.Discovered the tubercule bacillus
Robert Koch 1 postulate
The specific disease-causing organism must be present in every case of the disease but absent from healthy organism
Robert Koch 2 postulate
The suspected organism must beisolated and grown in pure culture
Robert Koch 3 postulate
The same disease must result when a sample of the culture is inoculates into a healthy susceptible host
Robert Koch 4 postulate
The same organism must be recovered from the disease host
Robert Koch exceptions
a.opportunistic pathogens
b.immune experimental host
c. disease invloving microbial cooperation
d.etiological agent cannot be grown in pure culture
Bacillus Anthracis
Neisseria Gonorrohoeae
plasmodium malariae
mycobacterium tuberculosis
corynebacterium diphteriae
vibrio cholerae
clostridium tetani
gas gangrene
clostridium perfringens
yersinia pestis
clostridium boltulinum
treponema pallidum
whooping cough
whooping cough