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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who discovered the single most important differential stain in Microbiology?
H.C. Gram, 19th-20th Centuries
Who is known as the "Father of Immunology"?
Edward Jenner
Gerhard Domagk, 2oth Century, discovered what ?
sulfa drugs from dye Protosil in 1932
Edward Jenner, 18th Century
Discovered a vaccine for smallpox
What is the "Magic Bullet" discovered by Paul Ehrlich?
an arsenic containing organic compound which was selectively active against syphilis
Who is known as the "Father of Microbiology"?
Anthony van Leeuwenkoek (1632-1723)
R. Koch isolated the agents of 3 viruses which are?
anthrax, TB, cholera
Who discovered the use of agar in Microbiology?
Robert Koch, 19th-20th Centuries
Whitaker in 1969 proposed five groups of life forms which were ?
Plants, Animals, Protists, Fungi, Procaryotes
In the 1950's, Stanier, Doudoroff and Adelberg recognized two categories of animals which were ?
Procaryotic and Eucaryotic
Who introduced the use of antiseptics?
Ignaz Semmelweis, 19th Century
Who said, "Chance favors the prepared mind."?
Louis Pastuer
In the 18th century, Carlos Linnaeus proposed what system?
binomial nomenclature system in which each organism would have a two-fold name, a genus name (initial capitalized) and species name (in small letters)
Besides L. Pastuer, who else is known as a GIANT of Microbiology?
Robert Koch
Who developed the "side chain" theory for the explanation of antigenic specificity?
Paul Ehrlich, 19th-20th Centuries
Louis Pastuer also discovered the principle of ________ and discovered what related to fermentation?
attenuation; anaerobes
Who discovered penicillin?
Alexander Flemming, 20th Century
What is the principle of antibiosis?
inhabitation of microbes by the product of another microbes - Flemming
Which system of classification is the most currently accepted classification system of cellular life forms?
Paul Ehrlich is known as the _____________________.
Founder of the modern science of immunology.
Louis Pastuer is known as the ________ of Microbiology.
GIANT of Microbiology
Name the four Koch postulates.
1. Organism must be present in every case of disease.
2. It must be isolated and grown in pure culture in the lab.
3. It must produce the disease when in a healthy host.
4. Then it must be isolated from the second host.
Who developed the use of antiseptics in surgery in 1896?
Joseph Lister, 19th Century - "Listerine"
Who developed the modern concepts concerning chemotherapy?
Paul Ehrlich
Paul Ehrlich was a proponent of the _______________ .
humoral theory of immunity
How did Louis Pastuer contribute to Microbiology?
He established the physical basis for optical activity, developed Pasteurization; he disproved the theory of spontaneous generation, and developed the vaccine for rabies
Who proposed the establishment of a third animal kingdom, the Protisa?
Haeckel, a German zoologist, in 1866
Who proposed another group of microrganisms recently from the Univ. of Illin. at Urbana?
C.R. Woese and associates