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41 Cards in this Set

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A normal inhabitant of the oral cavity, infection assciated with dental procedures, with formation of lesions that erupt through the face with a purelent discharge
Actinomycetes israelli
diagnosis by finding sulfer granules
Actinomycetes israelli
inhalation of spores causes woolsorter's disease (mediastinitis, pulmonary edema, and hemorrhage
Bacillus anthracis
people at risk are textile workers and agricultural personnel that come in contact with infected hides or wool
Bacillus anthracis
Gastroenteritis associated with reheated rice
Bacillus cereus
Ingestion of preformed toxin in home-canned foods
Clostridium Botulinum
Ingestion of spores in honey by infants
Clostridium Botulinum
psuedomembranous colitis (due to the use of broad spectrum antibiotics)
Clostridium difficile
gas gangrene asocciated with automobile and motorcycle accidents
Clostridium perfringins
spores abundant in soil and germinate in wounds
Clostridium perfringins
Traumatic inoculation of spores that produce a toxin causing spastic paralysis
Clostridium tetani
long rod with a dilated terminal end containing spores that resemble tennis racquet
Clostridium tetani
Can cause risus sardonicus (lockjaw grimace)
Clostridium tetani
causes gray pseudomembranes on the back of the throat
Cornybacterium diphtheriae
organisms in chinese letter configuration
Cornybacterium diphtheriae
common cause of urinary tract infections, sepsis, meningitis, and endocarditis. High antibiotic resistance.
Enterococcus spp
causes a fishy smelling vaginal discharge. "cle cells" seen on pap smear
Gardnerella vaginalis
dominant orgamisn of the normal vaginal flora
Lactobacillus spp
metabolism produces lactic acid that helps prevent the overgrowth of pathogenic organisms
Lactobacillus spp
causes late onset noenatal sepsis is faculativeintracellular short non spore forming rod that spreads from cell to cell by actin rockets and has tumbling end over end motility
Listeria monocytogenes
gram positive, aerobic, weakly acid fast, filimentous growth, common in soil causes pneumonia in immunocompromised patients
Nocardia asteroides
bacilli that causes acne by producing lipases
Propionibacterium acnes
causes acute bacterial endocarditis, especially in IV drug users, typically causes right side, undamaged heart valve infection
Staphylcoccus aureus
major cause of abscesses, furncles, carbuncles, and other skin infections such as impetigo
Staphylcoccus aureus
coagulase+, beta-hemolytic, grows in grape like clusters
Staphylcoccus aureus
normal inhabitant of the skin, causes infection if IV lines and catheters
Staphylococcus epidermis
coagulase-,mannitol fermention-, no protein A production, a major cause of endocarditis in prosthetic valves
Staphylococcus epidermis
ferments mannitol, novobiocin resistant,2nd leading cause of urinary tract infection in sexually active women
Staphyloccus saprophyticus
beta-hemolytic, bacitracin-resistant cocci, causes neonatal sepsis and meningitis
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B)
normal inhabitant of the female genital tract and can be acuired during vaginal delivery
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B)
alpha-hemolytic, optochin-resistant, A major cause of dental caries
Streptococcus mutans (viridians group)
Lancet-shaped diplococci found in rusty brown sputum, causes over 90% of all cases of lobar pnuemonia
Streptococcus pnuemoniae
alpha-hemolytic, optochin-sensitive, quelling reaction to differentiate between capsular subtypes
Streptococcus Pnuemoniae
this bile-soluble coccus grows on sheep red blood cell agar
Streptococcus Pnuemoniae
Rhuematic fever (symptoms include:migratory polyarthritis, erythema marginatum, pancarditis)
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A)
beta-hemolytic, bacitracin-sensitive cocci, major cause of pharyngitis
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A)
acute glomerulonephritis with lumpy bumpy appearance
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A)
mitral and aortic stenosis due to autoimmune response
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A)
alpha-hemolytic, optochin-resistant, leading cause of subacute bacterial endocarditis
Streptococcus viridians
Hypersensitivity pnuemonitis with chronic exposure
Thermophilic Actinomycetes
PAS+ rods within macrophages of the lamina propria of the small intestines, causes Whipple's disease
Tropheryma whippelii