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39 Cards in this Set

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anaeorbic,predominant organism in the human colon
Bacteroides fragilis
Cat scratch disease
Bartonella henselae
Infection in healthy person causes low grade fever and enlarged lymph nodes but in immunocompromised causes bacillary angiomatosis
Bartonella henselae
vaccine included in the DaPT, causes whooping cough
Bordetella pertussis
Granulomatous infection, transmitted by livestock and unpasteurized dairy products, results in an undulant fever
Brucella spp.
sexually transmitted, endemic to tropical nations, granulomatous genital ulcers
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis
Intracellular organisms, "Donovani Bodies"
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis
rod with single shaped flagellum,"Gull Wing" shaped colonies, causes bloody diarrhea
Campylobacter jejuni
bloody diarrhea, puppies and kittens are reservoirs
Campylobacter jejuni
bloody diarrhea from consumption of undercooked meat and dairy products
Enterohemmorhagic Escherichia coli
shiga like verotoxin can cause HUS (hemolytic uremic syndrome)
Enterohemmorhagic Escherichia coli
most common cause of urinary tract infections
Escherichia coli
Traverlers diarrhea produces a heat stable toxin
Entertoxigenic Escherichia coli
major cause of death in children in developing countries, causes a massive, explosive watery diarrhea
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
transmitted by deerfly or tick bite, causes necrotic ulcers at the site of the bite
Francisella tularensis
rabbit is the reservoir, causes disseminated granulomatous lesions of the lung, spleen, and liver
Francisella tularensis
chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, increased risk of carcinoma, MALT
Helicobacter pylori
STD, painful genital ulcer, most often in the tropics
Haemophilus ducreyi
coccobacillus,requires Factor V and X in chocolate agar media for growth, causes otitis media in children
Hamaemophilus influenzae
vaccine composed of PRP (polyribitol phosphate)conjugated to diptheria toxin
Hamaemophilus influenzae
Most common cause of aspiration pnuemonia in alcoholics
Klebsiella pnuemoniae
produces a thich, bloody, "currant-jelly" sputum
Klebsiella pnuemoniae
kidney bean shaped, paired diplococci, ferments glucose, causes urethritis
Niesseria gonorrhoeae
leading cause of septic arthritis, grows on thayer martin, chocolate agar, or NYC medium
Niesseria gonorrhoeae
can cause purulent conjunctivitis in neonate if infected during delivery
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
STD that can cause PID (pelvic inflammatory disease)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
STD that predisposes to ectopic pregnancy
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
most common cause of meningitis in military and dormitory settings
Neisseria meningitidis
encapsulated,bipolar staining,transmitted by dog or cat bite, causes abcess, callulitis, and osteomyelitis
Pasteurella multocida
urease+ causes urinary calculi due to an increase in the ph of the urine (alkaline)
Proteus spp (mirabilis/vulgaris)
obligate aerobe, has a fruity odor, most common cause of pnuemonia in burn and cystic fibrosis patients
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
grows well in hot tubs that do not contain enough chlorine, causes swimmers ear, sepsis, and folliculitis
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
consumption of contaminated eggs causes entercolitis
Salmonella enteritidis
enteric fever, rose spots on abdomen, can colonize in gallbladder causeing carriers
Salmonella typhi
dysentary characterized by bloody, low volume diarrhea, only human-human transmission
Shigella dysenteriae
comma shaped rod, polar flagellum, causes a secretory diarrhea that can lead to severe dehydration
Vibrio cholerae
consumption of raw shellfish, causes nausea and cramping
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
transmitted by bite of a flea or from infected human, causes plague
Yesinia pestis
bipolar staining, safety pin appearance, causes buboes when lymph nodes enlarge and rupture through the skin
Yesinia pestis