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16 Cards in this Set

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Urethritis

G (-) diplococci in PMNs in the urethral exudate
Neisseria gonorrheae
Urethritis

Culture negative, inclusion bodies
Chlamydophila trachomatis
Urethritis

Urease positive, no cell wall
Ureaplasma urealyticum
Urethritis

Flagellated prototzoan with corkscrew motility
Trichomonas vaginalis
Urethritis

Frequent and painful urination, hematuria, and fever
(Cystitis) #1 = E. coli
other G (-) enterics,
Pseudomonas,
Proteus
Urethritis

Young newly sexually active peeps, G (+) cocci
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Urethritis

Young newly sexually active peeps, G (+) cocci with flank pain and fever
(pyelonephritis)
E. coli,
Staphylococcus
Cervicitis

Friable, inflamed cervix with mucopurulent discharge; probes or culture to distinguish
N. gonorrheae [G (-) diplococci]
Chlamydophila trachomatis [non staining obligate intracellular parasite]
Herpes simplex virus
Vaginal itching, pain, discharge odor

Adherent yellowish discharge, pH >5, fishy amine odor in KOH, clue cells; G(-) cells dominate
(Bacterial vaginosis) overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis and anaerobes
Vaginal itching, pain, discharge odor

Vulvovaginitis, pruritis, erythema discharge: consistency of cottage cheese
Candida species
Vaginal itching, pain, discharge odor

Foamy, purulent discharge, many PMNs and motile trophozoites microscopically (corkscrew motility)
Trichomonas vaginalis
Genital lesions

Genital warts
HPV (most common STD in U.S.)
Treponema pallidum
molluscum contagiosum
Genital lesions

Multiple painful vesicular, coalescing, recurring
Herpes
Genital lesions

Nontender ulcer healing spontaneously 2-10 weeks
Treponema pallidum
Genital lesions

Non-indurated, painful ulcer, suppurative with adenopathy, slow to heal
Haemophilus ducreyi
Genital elephantiasis

Initial papule heals, LNs enlarge and develop fistulae, elephantiasis may develop
Chlamydophila trachomatis L1-L3

Tropics, microfiliariae in blood: Wuchereria or Brugia