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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DEFINITION METABOLISM
THE SUM OF ALL CHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH IN A LIVING ORGNISM
DEFINITION OF NUTRITION
AQUISITION OF SUBSTANCES REQUIRED FOR LIFE PROCESSES
DEFINITION OF SYNTHESIS (ANABOLISM)
UTILIZING SUBSTANCES TO BUILD CEUS OR BODY PART
DIFINITION OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION (CATABOLISM)
UTILIZE ABSORBED FOOD OR OXYGEN TO BREAK DOWN FOOD AND USE IT FOR THE ENERGY YOU NEED
SELF-PERPETUATION
ALLOWS THE CONTINUITY OF THE ORGANISM ITSELF AND/OR ITS SPECIES
HOMEOSTASIS
STABLE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
REPRODUCTION
MULTIPLY OR DUPLICATE INDIVIDUALS OR CELLS
ADAPTATION
ADJUSTMENT TO THE ENVIRONMENT OR TO CHANGES IN IT
WHAT WAS ROBERT HOOKE'S CELL THEORY
ALL LIVING THINGS ARE COMPOSED OF CELLS AND ARISE FROM PRE-EXISTING CELLS
WHO WAS LEEUWENHOEK
HE WAS THE 1ST TO RECORD MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATION OF PROTOZOA & BACTERIA
WHO WAS JENNER
DEVELOPED A METHOD OF INNOCULATION AGAINST SMALL POX
WHAT IS THE GERM THEORY OF DISEASE
MICROORGANISMS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES
WHAT IS SPONTANEOUS GENERATION
LIFE ARISES SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NONLIVING MATTER
WHAT IS BIOGENESIS
LIVING CELL ARISE FROM PREVIOUS LIFE (LIFE CREATES LIFE)
WHAT DID PASTEUR AND REDI DISPROVE
SPONTANEOUS GENERATION
WHO WAS SEMMELWEIS
HE DOCUMENTED THAT PHYSICIANS THEMSELVES WERE TRANSMITTING PUERPERAL FEVER TO THEIR PATIENTS BY NOT CLEANSING THEIR HANDS BETWEEN PERFORMING AUTOPSIES AND DELIVERING BABIES
WHAT ARE ASEPTIC TECHNIQUES
THEY ARE TECHNIQUES THAT PREVENT CONTAMINATION BY UNWANTED PATHOGENS
WHAT WAS PASTEUR'S BIG THING
FIRST ONE TO THINK MICRO-ORGANISMS WERE CONTAMINATION THING & FORMULATED THE "GERM THEORY OF DISEASE"
WHAT WAS LISTER'S BIG THING?
HE PROPOSED ASEPT SURGICAL TECHNIQUES TO REDUCE SEPSIS FOLLOWING SURGERY. HIS 1ST ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE WAS USING CARBOLIC ACID ON THE OPERATING ROOM
WHO WAS KOCH
FATHER OF BACTERIOLOGY, CAME UP WITH ANTHRAX VACCINE, & FORMULATED A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTAL STEPS WHICH COULD DEMONSTRATE THE RELATIONSHIP OF AN ORGANISM TO A DISEASE
WHAT ARE KOCH'S POSTULATES
1: THE SAME PATHOGEN MUST BE PRESENT IN ALL CASES OF THE DISEASE
2:THE PATHOGEN MUST BE ISOLATED FROM THE DISEASED HOST & GROWN IN A PURE CULTURE
3:THE PATHOGEN FROM THE PURE CULTURE MUST CAUSE THE DISEASE WHEN IT IS INOCULATED INTO A HEALTHY SUSCEPTIBLE LAB ANIMAL
4:PATHOGEN MUST BE ISOLATED FROM THE INOCULATED ANIMAL AND MUST BE SHOWN TO BE THE ORIGINAL ORGANISM
WHO WAS IWANOVSKI
COINED THE WORD VIRUS
WHAT ARE RIVER'S POSTULATES
DESIGNED TO SHOW THE RELATIONSHIP OF A VIRUS AND A SPECIFIC DISEASE
1:VIRAL AGENT MUST BE FOUND IN THE HOST'S BODY FLUID OR CEUS SHOWING SPECIFIC LEGIONS
2:VIRAL AGENT OBTAINED FROM THE INFECTED HOST MUST PRODUCE THE SPECIFIC DISEASE IN A SUITABLE HEALTHY ANIMAL OR PROVIDE EVIDENCE OF INFECTION THROUGH THE PRESENCE OF ANTIBODIES
3:ALL HOST MATERIALS USED FOR INOCULATION MUST BE FREE OF ALL OTHER MICRO-ORGANISMS
4:SIMILAR MATERIALS FROM NEWLY INFECTED HOST MUST IN TURN BE CAPABLE OF TRANSMITTING THE SAME DISEASE TO THE OTHER HOST
WHAT WAS EHRLICH FAMOUS FOR
MAGIC BULLET FOR SYPHILIS
WHAT WAS FLEMING FAMOUS FOR
DISCOVERED PENCILLIN
WHAT IS TAXONOMY
USES CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANISM TO IDENTIFY, NAME, & CLASSIFY ORGANISMS...IT PROVIDES INSIGHT INTO POSSIBLE EVOLUTIONARY RLEATIONSHIPS BETWEEN EXISTING & EXTINCT FORMS
SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION
DOMAIN-BROADEST
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
ORDER
GENUS-NARROWEST
SPECIES-NARROWEST
5 KINGDOMS
PLANT-EUCARYOTIC INCLUDING MULTICELLULAR ALGAE

ANIMAL-EUCARYOTIC

PROTISTA-EUCARYOTIC PROTOZOANS, UNICELLULAR ALGAE

MONERA-PROCARYOTICS

FUNGI
WHAT ARE EUCARYOTES
THEY HAVE A TRUE NUCLEUS AND A MEMBRANE
PROCARYOTES
NO TRUE NUCLEUS & NO MEMBRANE