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16 Cards in this Set

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Although most cases fo this disease are caused by damaged or prosthetic valves, some cases are caused by an autoimmune reaction due to CROSS-REACTIVITY of an antibody made to S. PYOGENES M protein
Infective Endocarditis
This is caused by VEGETATIONS on valces prevent proper functioning and can lead directly to death.

it also starts ABRUPTILY with high fever
Acute Endocarditis
what 2 bacterium cause Acute Endocarditis?
Staphylococcus Aureus

Streptococcus pneumoniae
Subacute Endocarditis commonly occurs on valves that are damaged as a result of birth defect, rheumatic fever, or other disease...

What bacterium causes it?
Viridans Streptococci
For which disease must you administer antibiotic 1 wk prior to dental procedures?
subacute Endocarditis
This is the PRESENCE of bacteria in the blood and results from a previous Gram + or Gram - infection, surgical procedure, or even dental procedures
Bacteremia
T/F: Treatment is needed to cure Bacteremia
False

It may resolve w/o treatment, but can lead to septic shock and death
This is ACTIVE MULTIPLICATION of bacteria in the blood stream
Septicemia
Pathophysiology of Septicemia is mediated by release of what?
Septicemia
fever, sticky neutrophils, increased leakage of plasma from vessels, hypotention are all characteristic of what?
Septicemia
Lyme Disease is caused by what?
Borrelia Burgdorferi
"bull's eye rash" is characteristic of which disease
Localized Lyme Disease
What is the treatment for Early Lyme disease?
DOXYCYCLINE
Rock Mountain Spotted fever AKA Black Measels is cause by what bacteria?
Rickettsia Rickettsii
What is the drug of Choice for treating RMSF?
DOXYCYCLINE
T/F: Antibiotic treatment should be started IMMEDIATELY if RMSF is suspected- DO NOT wait for lab
TRUE