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20 Cards in this Set

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Organic refers to?
molecules that contain carbon AND hydrogen
MONOMER is?
A molecule that can combine with others to form a polymer (mono = one)
MACROMOLECULE is?
lot of molecules to make up one larger one. lots of amino acids = protein
3 types of charbohydrates?
monosaccarides
disaccarides
polysaccharides
monosaccarides =
C6H12O6
a sugar
DISACCHARIDS =
two monosaccarides, sucrose
POLYSACCHARIDES =
and an example?
lots of monosaccarides, Glycogen
lots of amino acides =
proteins
every amino acid has what 3 groups?
amino group (H2N +
r group (C bound to an H )
and a Carboxyl group ( COOH )
3 types of protein structurs and what they look like?
Primary - liniar (string of pearls)
Secondary - Alpha helix, due to H bond
Tertiary - balls up due to sulfide bond
ENZYME
A protein that accelerates the rate of chemical reactions.
Enzyme SUBSTRATE
The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
LIPIDS
Group of chemicals, usually fats, that do not dissolve in water
PHOSPHOLIPIDS
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids, such as lecithin and cephalin, that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate.
Ester bond
human/mammals fatty acids made up of
Ether bond
archae bacteria lipid bond
nucleic acids
Any of a group of complex compounds found in all living cells and viruses, composed of purines, pyrimidines, carbohydrates, and phosphoric acid.
DNA
nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in the cell and is capable of self-replication and synthesis of RNA.
RNA
polymeric constituent of all living cells and many viruses, consisting of a long, usually single-stranded chain of alternating phosphate and ribose units with the bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil bonded to the ribose. The structure and base sequence of RNA are determinants of protein synthesis and the transmission of genetic information.
Bacterial Morphology
no membrane bond orginells