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21 Cards in this Set

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What alcohol does bacteria and eukaraya have?
an ester between gylcerol and the hydrophobic side chain
What are complex lipids?
they are simple lipids that contain Additional elements ex; phosphorous and nitrogen
what is charactertistic of a the nitrogen base Pyrimidine?
single, 6 membered heterocyclic ring
3 bases: cytosine, thymine, uracil
What are the characterstics of the nitrogen bases Purine?
both bases Adenine & Guanine are fond in DNA and RNA
They have 2 fused heterocyclic rings
What makes a Nucleic acid?
a polymer of nucleotides ( 5 C sugars)
A nitrogen base
A Ph molecule
What is an Isomer?
two molecules that molecular form but exist structually dfferent
The optical isomers are called enantiomers b/c of there mirror like affect
what does an amino acid look like?
it will have a amino group : H2N
Carboxylic acid group: O=C-OH
With a C center along with a side chain
Robert Hooke?
discovered the fruiting of mold
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek?
1684 built a microscope and first to see bacteria
Louis Pasteur?
spontaneous generation disproved
Robert Koch
developed the postulates; proved that a specific disease is caused by a specific microbe
martinus beijerinck
Enrichment culture technique
What is the diff. Between eukaryotes and prokaryotes in the nucleus?
Eukaryotes have a nuclear membrane and prokaryotes don't ( nucletoid)
what are the 2 types of cells on earth?
prokaryotes; smallest, lack nuclear membrane and other internal organelles
Eukaryotes; larger and have internal organelles
Reactants O2+e-
product
O2- Superoxide
O2-+e- + 2H+
hydrogen peroxide
H2O2
H2O2 + e- + H+
H2O + OH
Hydoxyl
OH• + e- + H+
H2O
Water
H2O2 + H2O2
Catalase
2H2O + O2
H2O2+ NADH + H+
Peroxidase
2H2O + NAD+
O2- + O2 + 2H+
H2O2 + O2
Superoxide dismutase