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32 Cards in this Set

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4 major grous of Microbes?
Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoan, Virus
Ring around the Rosie
1600's
The Black Plague
Robert Hooke
1665
Studied animal and plant cells
the CORK cells
"all living things are composed of cells"
3 Shapes of bacteria
Spiral, bacilli, cocci
4 Major groups of microbes?
Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoans, Viruses
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
1632-1723
-Dutch draper apprentice
-Invented the fist lens for a microscope
-Fisrt to study microbes
-studied animalcules in water, soil
-never shared lens making details
-Became a hermit
Francesco Redi
1668
Questioned if flys came from rotting meat
-experiment with 1 covered and 1 non-covered bottle of meat
John Needham
1748
-Stew broth experiment
covered with cotton after stewed, growth in it
Lazzaro Spallanzani
1767
-stew broth experiment
covered with wax--- no growth
Louis Pasteur
mid 1800's
-tube experiment with 3 jars, 1 sealed, 1 not sealed and 1 with slopped neck
-1 with sloped neck no growth
Miasma Theory
thought that the air was bad but it was the water that was bad and caused by bacteria
John Snow
mid 1800's
proved that the water was being contaiminated by the fecal and waste that was being dumped into the same water that the peolpe were drinking
Ignaz Semmelweis
mid 1800's
-Stopped the transmission of the puerperal fever (childbed) by simply washing hands before touching other persons
Edward Jenner
physician
late 1700, early 1800's
-first generation of smallpox vaccine
-by scratching a boy who was not infected and then tried to infect him with smallpox and didn't work
Robert Koch
Isolated the Vibreo Cholerae
(Cholera)
Found the reason as to why wine was souring
Louis Pasteur
Paul Ehrlich
Synthesized "magic bullet" to destroy pathogens

Syphillis
Walter Reed
identified filterable viruses that caused yellow fever from mosquitoes
Dimitri Ivanowsky
Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Ernest Karl Abbe
oil Immersion lens and refractometer
-light bending properties
Ernest Haeckel
-german scientist
-Placed microbes into own kingdom's: Protista
-includes Protozoans, bacteria and fungi
Robert Whittaker
5 kindoms classification

-Animalia
-Plantae
- Fungi
- Protista
- Monera
Carl Woese
3 Domain System
-Prokaryotes
- Eukaryotes
- Archaebacteria
Eukarya
animals, plants, fungi, and protists
Archaebacteria
no true cell wall
live in extreme enviroments
Protozoans
-single-celled highly motile
-ubiquitous
-malaria
Fungi
-single celled, multicelled
-non-photosynthetic
-athlete's foot, cryptococcal meningitis
Algae
-single celled
-photosynthetic
Prokaryotes
-unicellular
-found in all living systems
-disease
Bacilli
-rod shaped cells
rectangular
Coccus (Cocci)
round "berry" shaped cells
Spiral
spiral, twisting shaped cells
-flagella movement
-clockwise- tumble
-counter clockwise to turn