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13 Cards in this Set

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What is the genus & species of the bacterium that may be the most abundant organism on earth?
Pelagibacter ubique
Who, in 1889, first used the term "antibiotic"?
Paul Vuillemin
Paul Vuillemin used the term to describe a substance he had isolated that inhibits the growth of other bacteria in culture.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Animalcules
AnimalculesThe term coined by Leeuwenhoek to describe the microorganisms he saw when he looked at different samples under a microscope, which looked like small animals.
Biofilm
a complex community of microorganisms attached to a surface.
Bioremediation
the use of naturally occurring microorganisms to degrade toxic wastes and other synthetic products of industry.
Bioterrorism
The use or threat of using biological agents to cause death and disease in a population
Chemotherapy
the use of chemicals that selectively inhibit or kill pathogens without killing the patient
Epidemiology
The study of the source, cause, and mode of transmission of diseases.
Germ Theory of Disease
A theory formed by Pasteur that stated microorganisms are responsible for infectious diseases.
magic bullet
a chemical that would search out and destroy pathogens
miasma:
widely held belief in the 1700's (to 1800’s) that infectious diseases were spread by an altered chemical quality or poisoning of the air
spontaneous generation:
the belief that nonliving matter could spontaneously give rise to living organisms