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99 Cards in this Set

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polyribitol phosphate capsule?
H. flu
hyaluronidase capsule?
Strep pyogenes
(non-immunogenic)
cheap triple therapy for H. pylori
bismuth
metronidazole
tetracycline/amoxicillin
expensive triple therapy for H. pylori
metronidazole
omeprazole
clarithromycin
capsule made of D-glutamate rather than polysaccharide?
bacillus anthracis
which bug has alpha-toxin (lecithinase)?
clostridium perfringens
Lancefield Group D strep include...
enterococcus
non-enterococcal Group D Strep
only bacteria with membrane containing cholesterol?
mycoplasma pneumoniae
high lipid content of cell wall?
mycobacterium
Eaton agar
Mycoplasma
Zeihl-Neelsen stain
acid fast
lactose non-fermenter and oxidase positive?
Pseudomonas
causes sepsis in sickle cell patients?
Strep pneumo
Gram positive but has endotoxin?
Listeria
murky brown amniotic fluid?
neonatal listeriosis
potentially fatal granulomas?
listeria
cleaves host cell RNA?
Shiga toxin
Giemsa stain or analine dyes to view...
borrelia burgdorferi
oral thrush happens in...
immunocompromised
neonates
diabetics
inhibits chemokine receptors, causing lymphocytosis
bordetella pertussis
which E. coli toxin has a cholera-like mechanisms?
heat-labile toxin (adenylate cyclase)
which E. coli causes traveler's diarrhea?
enterotoxigenic
which E. coli disrupts microvilli?
enteropathogenic
What is Protein A?
Staph aureus
binds Fc of IgG to inhibit complement fixation
Tellurite plate, Loffler's medium, blood agar?
Corynebacterium diptheriae
east of the Mississippi and Central America?
blastomycoses
Mississippi and Ohio River Valley?
histoplasmosis
What is Cladosporium werneckii?
tinea nigra
"spaghetti and meatballs"?
Malassezia furfur
fruiting bodies?
aspergillus
narrow based, unequal budding yeast
cryptococcus
cigar-shaped budding yeast visible in pus, rosettes of microconidia?
sporothrix schenckii
spherical, granular cysts in stool?
entamoeba histolytica
oval, elliptical cysts in stool?
Giardia lamblia
acid fast cysts?
cryptosporidium
what form of toxoplasma crosses the placenta?
tachyzoites
Rx: sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine
the Reduviid bug transmits...
Trypanosoma cruzi
Rx: nifurtimox
T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense causes...
African sleeping sickness
Rx: suramin for blood borne, malarsoprol for CNS penetration
What drug prevents relapse of ovale and vivax?
primaquine
macrophages containing amastigotes?
Leishmania donovani (visceral leishmaniasis or kala azar)
Tseste fly for what disease?
African sleeping sickness
Sandfly for what disease?
visceral leishmaniasis or kala azar
"maltese cross"?
babesia
no RBC pigment?
babesia
cysts in the liver, anaphylaxis if antigens released
Echinococcus granulosus (dog tapeworm)
niclosomide is for treating...
tinea soleum
schistosoma mansonii causes...
portal HTN
cause granuloma and fibrosis, and inflammation of spleen and liver
Schistosoma
Under cooked crab meat, affects the lung?
Paragonimus westermani
Clonorchis senensis causes inflammation of...
...the biliary tract
from eating undercooked fish
what do you use praziquantel for?
The flukes:
Schistosoma
Clornorchis
Paragonimus
snails are the hosts?
schistosoma
How do you treat hookworm, ascariasis, and pinworm?
mebendazole/pyrantel pamoate
eggs are visible in feces of...
ascaris
transmitted by female black flies
Onchocerca volvulus (river blindness)
worm crawling in the conjunctiva?
loa loa
transmitted by deer fly
Dracunculus medinensis causes?
skin inflammation and ulceration
periorbital edema,
inflammation of muscle?
Trichinella spiralis
use Ivermectin to treat...
strongyloides and river blindness
Toxocara canis causes...
granulomas and visceral larva migrans
transmitted by female mosquito?
Wuchereria bancrofti
(elephantiasis)
use niridazole to treat...
Dracunculus
use dietheylcarbamazine to treat...
loa loa
toxocara
W. bancrofti
urease-positive bugs
proteus
klebsiella
staph
circular DNA viruses?
papovaviruses (supercoiled)
hepadnaviruses (incomplete)
dsRNA virus?
reovirus
(retroviruses have 2 identical ssRNA)
naked RNA viruses?
picorna
calici
reo
all RNA viruses replicate in cytoplasm except...
influenza virues
retroviruses
DNA virus that does NOT replicate in nucleus
pox
not a retrovirus but has reverse transcriptase?
Hep B
other than immunocompromised patients, CMV also causes...
congenital defects
roseola (exanthem subitum) is cause by...
HHV6
causes conjunctivitis (pink eye)
adenovirus
(also causes sore throat and pneumonia)
erythema infectiosum is caused by...
B19 parvovirus
B19 parvovirus causes...
aplastic crisis in sickle cell patients
fifth's disease (erythema infectiosum)
hydrops fetalis
what are the papova viruses?
HPV
JC
what are the pox viruses?
small pox (variola virus)
vaccinia (cowpox)
molluscum contagiosum
what are the circular RNA viruses?
arena
buna
delta
what are the bunyaviridae?
California encephalitis
Sandfly/Rift Valley fever
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
Hantavirus (Sin nombre)
what are the arena viridae?
LCV
meningitis spread by mice
what causes SARS?
coronaviridae
which viruses are segmented?
bunya
orthomyxo
arena
reo
what are the reoviridae?
reovirus
rotavirus
what causes croup?
what causes bronchiolitis?
parainfluenza causes croup
RSV causes bronchiolitis (ribavirin)
what are the togaviridae?
Rubella
Eastern equine enchaphalitis
Western equine encephalitis
what are the flaviviridae?
HCV
Yellow fever
Dengue fever
St. Lous encephalitis
West Nile virus
what are the caliciviridae?
HEV
Norwalk virus
what viruses cause aseptic meningitis?
echovirus
cocksackie virus
What causes myocarditis?
cocksackie B
all the SS + RNA viruses are icosahedral except...
coronavirus
Reye syndrome, a HEPATOecephalopathy, is associated with...
VZV and influenza B
Dane particle?
Hep B
cryptosporidium is different that other epithelial invading cells b/c its sexual phase occurs in the....
brush border
metronidazole and iodoquinol for...
amebiasis
sulfadoxing + pyrimethamine for...
malaria
how do you treat babesia?
quinine, clindamycin
what is tania solium?
how to treat?
pork tapeworm
praziquantel/niclosomide
how do you treat dracunculus?
Niridazole
what is calymmatobacterium granulomatis?
an STD
causes granuloma inguinale
biopsy shows Donovan bodies