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14 Cards in this Set

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The process plants use to trap the suns energy and build carbohydrates that store energy
Photosynthesis
convert light energy into chemical energy
Light Dependent Reactions
Molecules that absorb specific wavelenghts of molecules
Pigments
Series of proteins embedded in a membrane along which energized electrons are transported
Electron Transport Chain
The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source
Photosynthesis
Used to make glucose
Formula of Photosynthesis
6H20 + 6C02----> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Organisms of Photosynthesis
Protazoan, Algae, Bacteria
Organelle
Chloroplasts
Most common pigment in chloroplasts
Chlorophyll
An adenosine-derived nucleotide, C10H16N5O13P3, that contains high-energy phosphate bonds and is used to transport energy to cells for biochemical processes, including muscle contraction and enzymatic metabolism, through its hydrolysis to ADP. ATP is hydrolyzed to AMP when it is incorporated into DNA or RNA
ATP
A coenzyme, C21H28N7O17P3, occurring in most living cells and utilized similarly to NAD but interacting with different metabolites
NADP
The connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part
Stroma
Chemical decomposition induced by light or other radiant energy
Photolysis
a cycle of biochemical reactions taking place in the chloroplasts plants during photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide is fixed and six-carbon sugar formed; also called Calvin-Benson cycle
Calvin Cycle