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173 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the skin?
a large complex organ that protects the body
NAME
is a large complex organ that protects the body
skin
What are the two primary parts of the skin?
(1)epdiermis (2)Demis
what is the epidermis?
layers of dead skin that contain kertain
the epidermis is layers of skin that contain (1)
kertain
What is kertain?
a waterproofing protein found in the epidermis
Where is kertain found?
the epidermis
NAME
are layers of dead skin that contain kertain
epidermis
NAME
is a waterproofing protein found in the epidermis
kertain
What do the oil ducts act as?
passageways for micorogranisms to enter skin and penetrate deeper
NAME
act as passageways for microrganisms to enter skin and penetrate deeper
oil ducts
What is the dermis?
is connective tissue that contains the hair follicles, sweet gland ducts, and oil gland ducts
NAME
is conenctive tissue that contains the hair folliciles, sweet gland ducts, and oil gland ducts
dermis
What does the dermis contain? (3)
(1)hair folliciles
(2) sweet gland ducts (3)oil gland ducts
What is perspiration?
provides water and nutrients for some mircobes but also contains salt and lysomes
Can persipation contain salt and lysomes?
yes
NAME
provides water and nutrients for some microbes but also contains salt and lysomes
perspiration
What is sebum?
is secreted by the oil glands
NAME
is secreted by the oil glands
sebum
What is the function of sebum?
limits the growth of some microbes but encourages growth of others
NAME
limits the growth of some microbes but encourages the growth of others
sebum
What is the mucous memembrane?
is the lining of the body cavities
NAME
is the lining of the body cavities
mucous memembranes
What are body cavities ?
are tightly packed epithelial cells attached to a membrane
NAME
are tighyly packed epithelial cells attached to a membrane
body cavities
many epithehial cells can secrete (1) which is often (2)
(1)mucous (2)acidic
Many (1) can secrete mucous which is often acidic
epitheal cells
Can the eyes produce acidic mucous? if so how are the eyes washed?
(1)yes (2) by lysomes
What is a common characterisitc of microbiota skin?
(1)resistant to drying and relatively high salt concentration
NAME
is resistant to drying and relatively high salt concentration
the skin of the microbiota of the skin
A large number of (1) bacteria are part of the microbiota of the skin
Gram +
Give some exs of the microboes that live on our skin?
(1)Propionibacterium acenes -causes acenes (2)Pityroscoporum ovale-dandrug
Propionbacterium acenes and Pitryroscoporum ovales are examples of the (1)
microbiota that live on the skin
What happens to the microbiota on our skin when you take a shower or bath?
washing reduces it but does not elimenate those in the hair folliciles and sweat glands will quickly reproduce
Where are the high populations of microbiota on the skin?
areas of the body with moisture
There are more concentrations of (1) on the areas of the body where there is moisture
(1)microbiot on the skin
The microbiota of the skin can (1) and (2)
(1)metablozie secrections (2)give the body its odor
NAME
metablozie secrections and give the body its odor
the mircobiota of the skin
NAME
large numbers of them are gram +
the microbiota of the skin
List the symptoms associoted with micrboal diseases of the skin? (4)
(1)Vesicles (2)Bullae (3)Macules (4)Papules
What are vesicles?
are small fluid lesions
NAME
are small fluid lesions
vesicles
What are bulae?
are large vesicles that bubble
NAME
are large vesicles that can bubble
bulae
What are macules?
are flat, reddened lesions, and maculopapular
NAME
are flat, reddened lesions, and maculopapular
macules
NAME
are raised reddened lesions called paustules filled with pus
papules
What are papules?
are raised reddened lesions called paustules filled with pus
What are paustules?
are reddened lesions filled with pus
How are staphylococcal skin infections tested in the lab?
for the enzyme production of coagulase
NAME
to find out what type of skin infection, the lab tests for the enzyme production of coagulase
staphyloccal
What is coagulase?
clots fibrin in the blood
NAME
is an enzyme that clots fibrin in the blood
coagulase
What does the lab test report about staphylcocoal skin infections?(what type of infections)
(1)coagulse - (2)coagulse +
NAME
are 90% of the normal microbiota that do not cause diasease unless the skin is broken
Staphyloccal (coagulse - )
NAME
S epidermis is the predominant of these
Staphyloccoal (coagulse - )
Is the staphuloccoal skin infection (coagulase - ) normally cause disease?
no unless the skin is broken
NAME
are almost all pathogenic strain of S aureus
Staphyloccoal (coagulse +)
NAME SKIN INFECTION
firbin clots may protect the bacteria from phagocytosis
Staphyloccoal (coagulse +)
Describe coagulse + (staphyloccoal)
(1)almost all are pathogenic strains of S aureus (2) fibrin clots may protect the bacteria from phagocytosis
Are coagulse + (staphyloccoal)normally cause diseases?
yes
For staphyloccoal skin infections, here is a high corrletion btwn the (1) and (2)
(1)toxic production (2)Staphyloccoal (coagulse +)aureus
What is toxemia?
is toxin that circules the blood
NAME
is a toxin that circules that blood
toxemia
What is scaled skin syndrome? (3)
caused by toxemia (2)is usally with childern under two (3) is very serious
NAME
is usally with childern under two and is very serious
scaled skin syndrom
NAME
protects us from infection and injury
skin
NAME
it helps us to touch and feel objects
skin
The skin can (1) like (2)
(1)synthesizes hormones (2)Vitamin D
NAME
is the largest organ in the body
skin
For Coagulase + Stahphyloccoal Aureus,a localized infection is described as (1)
a infection of hair folices called pimples
What is a sty?
folliculis of the eyelash
NAME
are folliculis of the eyelash
sty
NAME
are abcess pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
furuncle
What are furuncle?
are abcess pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
What is carbuncle?
the inflammation of tissue under the skin
NAME
is the inflammation of tissue under the skin
carbuncle
What is toxic shock syndrome?
fever, vomiting and sunburn like macular rash followed by shock
NAME
fever, vomiting, and sunburn like macular rash followed by shock
toxic shock syndrome
What microbe causes toxic shock syndrome?
For Coagulase + Stahphyloccoal Aureus
What are toxic shock syndrome assocaiated with? (3)
(1)menstruation (2)absorbent packing associated w nasal surgery and surgical incisions (3)childbirth
What three types of infections in the eye? (3)
(1)neonatal Gonorrheal Opthalmia (2)Inclusion conjunctivits (3)Trachoma (4)herpetic keratitis
(1) is on the increase bc of contact lenses esp soft lenses
Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis can be either (1) or (2)
(1)bacteria (2)viral
What is conjustnctivitis?
is a microbial disease of the ey that is on the increase bc of conact lenses
What are two types of bacterial disease found in the eye?
(1)neonatal Gonorrheal Opthalmia (2)infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (3)herpetic keratitis
What is neonatal Gonorrheal Opththalmia?
a bacterial disease of the eye via the birth canal that can cause blindness
NAME
is a bacterial disease of the eye via the birth canal that can cause blindness
neonatal Gonorrheal Opththalmia
What are three types of infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis? 2)
(1)inclusion conjunctivitis (2) trachoma
NAME
bacterial disease of the eye caused by chlaymida trachomatis (2)
(1)inclusion conjunctivitis (2)trachoma
What is inclusion conjunctivitis?
bacterial disease of the eye that is contracted as the baby passes through the birth canal with symptoms appearing 5 to 12 days
NAME
is a bacterial disease of th eye that is contracted as the baby passes through the birt canal with symptoms
inclusion conjunctivits
NAME
is the most prevelent form of conjunctivitis
inclusion conjunctivitis
What is the most prevelent form conjunctivitis?
inclusion conjunctivitis
What is trachoma? (3)
(1)the leading cause of preventable blindness (2) is an infection in the epithelial cell caused by Chlyamydia trachomatis (3) a major cause of blindness in Africa and Asia
What are the symtoms of trachoma? (3)
(1)conjunctivitis (2)complications of the cornea (3)secoundary infection
NAME
is the leading cause of blindness
trachoma
NAME
is infection of the epthial cells caused by chlamydia trachomatis
trachoma
NAME
is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa
trachoma
NAME
symptoms include secoundary infection, complications of the cornea, and conjunctvitis
trachoma
NAME
is caused by Steptococcus pygones
group A beta hemoltytic strep
What microbe causes group A beta hemolytic strep?
Streptococcus pygones
What is erysipelas?
reddish patches and impetgio of school age childern w isolated pustules
NAME
reddish patches and impetigo of school age childern w isolated pustules
Erysipelas
What is flesh eating bacteria?
is transmitted by contact, invasive strep, and exoenzymes and endotoxins are involved
NAME
is transmitted by contact, invasive strep, and exoenzymes and endotoxins are involved
flesh eating bacteria
Desribe infections by pseudomonads?
gram - rods found in soil and water and is resistant to many disinfectants and antiseptics
NAME
gram -rod found in soil and water and is resistant to many disinfectants and antiseptics
skin infections caused by pseudomondas
What is the most common microbe that causes skin infection by pseudomondas?
Pseudomonas aeruginoasa
Pseduomonas aeruginoasa is (1) that is common in (2) patients
(1)opportunist, rare in healthy people (2) burn
NAME
this microbe is an opportunist, rare in healthy people and common in burn patients
Pseudomonas aerguinoasa
NAME
may produce blue-green pus and
Pseudomonas aerguinosa
NAME
in the hosptial can grow in flower vases, mop water, and even diluted disinfectants
skin infections caused by Pseudomonas aerguinosa
Where can Pseudomonas aerguinosa be found?
flower vases, mop water, and even diluted disinfectants
What microbe causes severe acene?
cystic acene
NAME
is caused by cystic acne
acne
How is acne formed?
channels of the sebum to the skin surfece are blocked (2)as the sebum accoumulates, white heads form and if the sebum breaks through the skin black heads form
NAME
channel of sebum to the skin are blocked. as sebum accumlates, white heads form and if the sebum breaks through the skin then black heads form
acne
NAME WHAT IS USED TO TREAT Acne
is a product of vitiamin A that inhibits sebum formation (2)
(1)Accutane (2)BenzaClin
(1) utilizes the glyceral in sebum from the oil gland and the free fatty acid produced causes an inflammatory response
Propiobacterium acnes
What are two treatments for acne? (2)
(1)Accutane (2) BenzaClin
T or F
there is relationship btwn acne and fats in ones diet
False
What are some factors that can cause acene? (5)
(1)endocrine factors (2)emotional stress (3)pressure on skin by leaning on hands, phone (4)often worse in spring and fall (5)cosmetics esp oil-base irritate
What is lyme Disease caused by?
Borrellia burgdorferi
NAME
is caused by borella burgdorferi
lyme disease
What is the vector for lyme disease?
deer tick
NAME
the vector is deer tick
lyme disease
What are the reservoir for lyme disease?
(1)mice (2)deer pops
What are the early symptoms of lyme disease?
(1)bull eyes rash and flu like symtpoms (2)nonfatal bu often causes a syndrome that mimics neuromuscular and rheumatoid conditons (3) the heart may be affected as well
NAME
early symtpoms are bull eye's rash and flu like symptoms. is nonfatal but often causes a syndrome that micmics neuromuscular and rehumatoid conditions and teh heart may be affected as well
lyme disease
What are some skin infections caused by bacteria? (5)
(1)Staphyloccoal (2)streptococcal (3)Pseudomonas (4)acne (5)Lyme disease
What are some ways to treat warts? (4)
(1)cyrotherpay (2)electrodesiccation (3)burning (4)lasers create a virusaladen aerosal (4)asprin at site (5)duct tape
NAME
treatments include electrodesiccation, burning, lasters that create a virusaladen aerosal, asprin at the stie, and duct tape
warts
What microbe causes warts?
65 differ types of papillomavirus
NAME
is caused by 65 differ types of papillomavirus
warts
What is has happened to the smallpox?
eradiacted bc an effactive vaccine was deveoloped
What is chickenpox caused by?
Herpes Varicella
NAME
is caused by Herpes Varicella
chickenpox
IS there a vaccine for chickenpox?
yes
If someone who is pregant that has chickenpox, there is (1)
serious fatal damage in the first trimister
What is Reye's syndrome?
the use of asprin in childern and teenagers w the flu or chickenpox symptoms
NAME
is the use of asprin in children and teenagers w the flu or chickenpox symptoms
Reye's syndrome
What are the symptoms of Reye's syndrome? (3)
(1)vomiting, (2)coma (3)death
NAME
symptoms include vomiting, coma, and death. death rate is 90 but is now 30? if recieved in time
Reye's syndrome
What is the fiffth disease?
common childhood disease presenting as very flushed cheeks
NAME
common childhood disese presenting a very flushed cheeks
fiffth disease
What is fiffth disease caused by?
human parvirus B19
NAME
is caused by human parvirus B19
fiffth disease
What are the symptopoms of the fiffth disease?
(1)slapped cheeks and a mascular rash on the trunk (3) may also have a a slight fever, malasie or cold (4)resovles in 7-10 days
NAME
(1)slapped cheeks and a mascular rash on the trunk (3) may also have a a slight fever, malasie or cold (4)resovles in 7-10 days
fiffth disease
What is Roseloa?
affects babies and toddlers from 6 to 24 months (2) high fever until the fourth day as ot falls a mascular rash appears
NAME
affects babies and toddlers from about 6 to 24 months by giving them a high fever as it falls a mascular rash
Roseloa
What mircobe causes Roseloa?
HHV 6
NAME
is caused by HHV 6
Roseloa
What is mycosis?
fungal diseases of the skin
NAME
refers to fungal disease of the skin
mycosis
What are the syptopoms of Candidiasis? (5)
(1)thrush (2)Candidiasis (3)Esophageal candidiasis (4)Candidal blood infection (5)intestinal yeast
NAME
symptoms include thrush, candidasis, esophageal candidasis, candidal blood infection, and intestinal yeast
Candidiasis
What is Candidiasis caused by?
Candida albicans
NAME
is caused by Candida ablicans
Candidiasis
What is Thrush?
a white patchy infection affecting the mucous membranes of the oral cavity
NAME
is a whity patchy infection affecting the mucous membranes of the oral cavity
thrush
Thrush is the most common (1)
infection in newborns and the elderly
NAME
is the most common infection in newborns and the elderly
thrush
What is Candidias mean ?
yeast infection
What is Candidias?(2)
a yeast infection w discharge, inflammation , painful ulcerations, and itchinig, (2)Vaginal infections and skin infections like diaper rash
NAME
a yeast infection w discharge, inflammation , painful ulcerations, and itchinig, (2)Vaginal infections and skin infections like diaper rash
Candidiasis
What is esophageal candidiasis?
is in HIV complication w painful bleeding ulcerations, perforations, nausea, and vomiting
NAME
is an HIV complication w painful bleeding ulceration, perforations, nausea, and vomiting
Esophageal candidasis
What is Candidal blood infection?
is an opportunist that causes more deaths than any other fungal infection
NAME
is an opportunist that causes more deaths than any other fungal infection
Candidal blood infection
What is intetstinal yeast?
is from long term antibiotic use and high sugar diet and problems w mental clarity
NAME
is from long term antibiotic use and high sugar diet and problems w mental clarity
intestinal yeast