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15 Cards in this Set

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Robert Hooke
1st to observe cell in plant material and name them
van Leeuwenhoek
1st to observe bacteria and use microscope
Louie Pasteur
disproved Spontaneous Generation
- Father of Microbiology
- Pasteurization
- Fermentation
Koch
-micro-organisms cause disease
-Koch's Postulates
-cultivated organism in pure culture
Koch's Postulates
-4 ideas proving what microbes causes what disease.
-laid groundwork for Germ Theory of Disease
Lister
1st to use disinfectants in surgical procedures, known as aseptic techniques.
Jenner
-developed small pox vaccine
from "cowpox".
-vacca means "cow
-living viral agent produced immunity
Fleming
-penicillin
-penicillin is a fungus
Germ Theory of Disease
-micororganisms might cause disease
-Pasteur; silkworm disease;protozoan
Semmelweis
demonstrated that infections were transmitted by not washing hands.
vaccines (from)
-avirulent microbial strains stimulate immunity
-killed virulent microbes
-genetically engineered
Synthetic Drugs
prepared from chemicals in the lab
antibiotics
-chemicals produced naturally by bacteria and fungi to act against other microorganisms
-can damage host
-resistance to antibiotics
Elrich
-Magic Bullet
-Chemotherapy
-Salvarsal: arsenic derivatice
Drug Resistance
-results from genetic changes in microbes, i.e.
-production of enzymes
-changes in molecule surface
-prevent attachment and
penetration of drug