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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the four most common forms of heat sterilization..?
HOt air oven, Arnold Sterilizer, Autoclave, and Incineration
What is the process of gas sterilization called?
ETO...ethylene oxide....
What does ETO sterilize?
plastics.
what is a heat-labile organism?
an organism that is broken down by heat.
Waht is radiation?
When two thymine dimers bond instead of A-T in DNA...
What are the two types of Radiation?
Ultraviolet and Gamma
Explain Gamma radiation
Cobalt 60...used for plastics...microwaves.
What does a disinfectant do in essence?
reduce the # of pathogenic organisms
name two heavy metals used for disinfectanting/antisepsis
mercury/silver
What does soap do?
relieves tensionbetweensurface and organism (loosens) andorganism floats away with water.
What are the three types of Pasteurization?
Low-Temperature Hold (LTH)
High-Temperature, Short Time(HTST)
Ultra high Temperature (UHT)
What is the most resistant organism?
Coxiella Burnetti
What is the only type of organisms that makeit through pasteurization?
SPORERS
Bleach is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
D
Iodine is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
A
Lysol is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
D
what metals are participants in the "oligodynamic affect?"
Mercury and silver
Alcohol is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
A and a little bit D
Formaldehyde is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
D
Glutaraldehyde is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
D
Hydrogen Peroxide is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
A
Cationic Detergents is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
D
tryphenylmethane dyes is what kind of a Chemical Agent?
A
NAme a Tryphenlmethane dye
Crystal Violet
Why must a communion cup be silver?
"the silver challis"...because silver nitrate binds proteins and has the olydynamic affect
Who used Phenol in surgery as an antiseptic?
Joseph Lister
What are two protazoa that are the most common infectious complications of AIDS?
Toxoplasma gondii, and
Cryptosporidium Parvum
What are four FUNGI that are the most common infectious complications of AIDS?
Canida Albicans
Cryptococcus Neoformans
Histoplasms Capsulatum
Pheumocystis carinii
What are two Bacteria that are the most common infectious complications of AIDS?
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)
Mycobacterium TB
What are FOUR viruses that are the most common infectious complications of AIDS?
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Herpes Simplex Virus
Adenovirus
Hep B
What is the time after the Onset of HIV infection before a patient gets: skin infections
one year
What is the time after the Onset of HIV infection before a patient gets:SHingles
two years
What is the time after the Onset of HIV infection before a patient gets: Thrush..mouth and tongue
three
What is the time after the Onset of HIV infection before a patient gets: athlete's foot
four years
What is the time after the Onset of HIV infection before a patient gets:TB
six years
How many strands of RNA are there in an HIV virus
2
Does HIV have an envelope?
yes
How does the HIV virus get the envelope?
from the host cell