Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/35

Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Spirochetes
Actively mobile
2 or more axial filiments
Corkscrew motion through fluid
Three types of Spirochetes
Treponema pallidum: Syphylis
Borrelia: Lyme disease
Leptospira: Leptosporosis
Treponema pallidum
Spirochete
Syphilis
Borrelia
Spirochete
Lyme disease
Leptospira
Spirochete
Leptospirosis(from animal urine)
Vibroids
Aerobic
microaerophilic
motile
helical/rigid/curved rod
Gram-neg.
NO axial filiment
3 types of Vibroids
Azospirillum: root nodule bacteria
Heliobacter pyloris: gastric ulcers
Bdellovibrio: attaks gram neg./ comma shaped
Azospirillum
Root nodule bacteria.
Makes nitrogen
All life depends on
Vibriod
Heliobater pyloris
Gastric ulcers in humans
Vibroid
Bdellovibrio
Vibroid
attacks gram neg. bacteria
Predator of other bacteria
Psuedomonas
Gram neg.
aerobic
rods and cocci
CAUSE: infection in burns, wounds, septicemia(blood infection), abcesses, UTI, nosocomial infections, and meningitis
5 types of psuedomonas
Legionella: legionaires disease
Neisseria: gonorrhea, meningits
Moraxella: conjuntivitis(pink eye)
Brucella: brucellosis (cattle disease)
Bordetella: pertussis(whooping cough)
Legionella
Severe respiratory disease
found in: streams, warm water lines and AC systems
Psuedomonas
Legionaires
Neisseria
Psuedomonas
Diplococcus (2)
Gonnorrhea
meningitis
Moraxella
Psuedomonas
conjuntivitis (pink eye)
aerobic
cocco-bacillus
Brucella
Psuedomonas
Brucellosis (cattle disease)
non-motile
cocco-bacillus
Obligate mammal parasite
Bordetella
Pertussis (whooping cough)
pseudomonas
non-motile
rod
gram neg.
(kennel cough in dogs)
What is the major cause of UTI?
E-coli
Blue green color in wounds...
produced by pseudomonas
PPNG?
enzyme that eats penicillin
Commensalism
Neutral...one benefits and the other is not affected.
Mutualism
Bacteria benefit from each other.
Parasitism
Live off one another
Enteric Bacteria
Inhabit the GI tracts of humans.
Faculatively anaerobic
gram neg.
rods
Produces BACTERIOCINS---which causes lyses of closely related species of bacteria.
Enteric Bacteria
E-coli
Can be pathogen
fecal contamination
lives in human gut flora
CAUSES: travelers diarrhea, UTI, food poisoning.
Enteric bacteria
Salmonella
Enteric Bacteria
Over 2000 types
Pathogenic
poultry, cattle
CAUSES: typhoid fever, salmonellosis
Shigella
enteric bacteria
bacillary dysentary
severe travelers diarrhea
rod shaped
found only in humans
Klesiella
enteric bacteria
nosocomial pneumonia
antibiotic resistant
Alcoholics and immunosuppressed most likely to get.
Serratia
Enteric bacteria
produces bright red pigment
nosocomial infections
found in Catheters and saline irrigation
causes UTI
Proteus
Actively mobile (can crawl along surface)
Causes:infant diarrhea, UTI, infections in wounds
Enteric bacteria
Yersinia
Bubonic plague
Vectors: rats, ground squarrels, fleas
Spread also through sneezing
Enterobactor
enteric bacteria
causes:UTI, nosocmial infections
Found in contaminated water, sewage and soil
Vibrionaceae
Faculativley
anaerobic
rods (slightly curved)
Vibrio
Cholera:profuse watery bloody diarrhea.
Mostly found in aqautic habitats