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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
(Spirochetes) Treponema and Borrelia
Chemoorganotrophic
Free living: saprophytes
Pathogens
(Spiral and curved) Campylobacter
Chemoorganotrophic
Freeliving: saprophytes
Pathogens
(Gram neg. rod) Pseudomonas
Chemoorganotrophic
Ubiquitous in nature
(Gram neg. rod) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Chemoorganotrophic
Inhabits urogenital tract
(Gram neg. rod) Neisseria meningitidis
Chemoorganotrophic
Inhabits upper respiratory tract
(Gram neg. rod) Francisella tularensis, how is it transmitted
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Pathogens of bloodstreams and lymph nodes
-Transmission: small cuts; pores of unbroken skin; contact with infected blood from small game
(Gram neg. rod) Enterobacteriaceae, how is it transmitted
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Coliform
-Oral-fecal route, food/water borne transmission
(Gram neg. rod) Vibrionceae, how is Yesina pestis, Salmonella enteritidis/typhi, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus transmitted
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Yesina: fleas + respiratory
-Salmonella: Oral-fecal route, food/water borne transmission
-Vibrio: Seafood-acquired gastroenteritis
(Gram neg. rod) Bacteroides
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Numerous in intestine (most common bacteria in colon)
-Transmission: internal wounds - knife, gunshot, ulcers
Rickettsia
-Fastidious
-Obligate intracellular parasites
-Transmission: insect vectors required
Chlamydia
-Fastidious
-Obligate intracellular parasite
-Steals energy from host cell (energy parasite)
-Transmission: interpersonal contact (STD: mucus membrane to mucus membrane) + airborne
Mycoplasma
-Fastidious
-Saprophytic or pathogenic
L-Forms: Protoplasts + Spheroplasts
-Induced in lab with antibiotics
-Fastidious
Staphylococcus
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Habitat: Nasopharynx + skin
Streptococcus
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Nasopharynx + urogenital
Bacillus
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Habitat: found in soil, water
Clostridium
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Habitat: found in soil; marine + fresh water sediments; intestinal tract of humans + other animals
Mycobacterium
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Pathogenic species are fastidious
Purple/Green-sulfur bacteria
-Photolithotrophic
-Habitat: aquatic
-Anaerobic photosynthesis
-Releases CO2
Caulobacter
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Habitat: aquatic: fresh water containing low levels of organic material (clean water)
Spaerotilus
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Habitat: Aquatic: fresh water contaminated with sewage or wastewater
Cytophaga
-Chemoorganotrophic
-Predatory (Pathogens of bacteria)
Archaeobacteria
-Chemolithotrophic
-Habitat: ubiquitous in nature (soil, water), animal (colon), and extreme environments)
Cyanobacteria
-Photolithotrophic
-Photosynthetic
-Nitrogen fixation
-Habitat: Aquatic; fresh and marine water; moist soil
-Symbiotic relationship (mutualism); fungus (support safe habitat) + BG algae (glucose, nutrient)