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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was Kircher's contribution?
He observed microscopic "worms" in spoiled meat and linked disease to "small creatures"
He observed rods, spheroids, and spiral "little animals" in different materials
What did Spallazani contribute?
He disproved the spontaneous generation theory using boiled meat in a flask
What was Appert's contribution?
He developed the first sealed container thermal process for food preservation; initialy used ceramic containers.
Created canning preservation: took appert's invention & suggested use of metal instead of ceramic
Pasteur's contributions?
-Recognized that fermentation was due to yeasts/bacteria
-confirmed that spoilage can be airborne
-and of course, developed a mild heating process for preservation
- postulated the "germ theory of disease"
- developed 1st anthrax/rabbies vaccines
He recognized that you could get sick from feces of other people
Koch postulates (4):
1. Organism be found in sick animal
2. Organism isolated and cultured
3. It should cause disease in a healthy animal
4. Needs to be reisolated from the animal

Petri dish, use of agar came from his lab
Who is Metchnikov?
Father of immunology
--> recognized the benefits of fermented milk