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22 Cards in this Set

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pityriasis versicolor "tinea versicolor"
malassezia furfur
Superficial:
"molasses and spaghetti and meatballs" appearance under microscope.
Symptoms: hypo or hyperpigmented macules
tinea nigra
hortae werneckii
Superficial:
Black macules on skin
black piedra
piedraia hortai
Superficial
"black hort"
black colored nodules on hair shaft
white piedra
trichosporum beigelli
Superficial
"white trick"
White nodule on hair shaft
Tinea capitis
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
Ring worm of scalp
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Tinea corporis
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
Ring worm of trunk/arms/legs
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Tinea manus
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
Ring worm of hand
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Tinea cruris
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
"jock itch"
Ring worm of groin
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Tinea peids
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
"athlete's foot"
Ring worm of foot
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Tinea unguium
"Onychomycosis/Chronic paronychia"
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Candida albicnas
Scopulariopsis
Cutaneous - Dermatophytes
Infection of nails/nail folds
Micro/Macrosconidia in lesion scraping
Ectothrix
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Candida albicnas
Scopulariopsis
Cutaneous - dermatophytes
Infection of hair shaft surface
Mycelium and spores ON hair shaft
Endothrix
Microsporum sp
Trichophyton sp
Epidermophyton sp
Candida albicnas
Scopulariopsis
Cutaneous - dermatophytes
Infection of hair shaft interior
Mycelium and spores IN hair shaft
Sporotrichosis
Sporothrix schenckii
Subcutaneous
Rose handler's disease
Dimorphic
Nodules/ulcers along lympathics
ID: budding yeast (cigar shape) at 37 degree. At 25 degrees, converts to mold w/ rosette pattern
Chromoblastomycosis
Dermatiaceous fing:
Fons - Clad - Phia
Subcutaneous
Copper-colored spherical yeast called Medlar Bodies.
Cauliflower like appearance at innoculation site
Eumycotic mycetoma
Psuedallescheria boydii
Madurella
Subcutaneous
"Madura foot"
White, brown, yellow or black GRANULES (don't look biological)
Sx: Draining sinus tracts at inoculation site
Histoplasmosis
Histoplasma
Systemic
"Darlings, Cave/Spelunkers dz"
Dimorphic
Tuberculate macroconidia
5% symptomatic: cough, chest pain, dyspnea, hoarseness, fever, night sweats
Blastomycosis
Blastomyces
Systemic
Dimorphic
Broad-based budding yeast
"Chicago, Gilchrist, N. American dz"
Conidia b/c yeat in lung, attacked by macrophages
Coccioidomycosis
Coccidioides
Systemic
Dimorphic
"San Joaquin valley fever, desert rheumatism, Posada-Wernicke dz"
ID: SPHERULE (multinucleated)
Barrel-shaped arthroconidia
Cryptococcosis
Cryptococcosis
Systemic
NOT DIMORPHIC
"Buss-Buschke dz, torulosis, Euroblastomycosis"
Most common fungal cause of meningitis (immunosuppressed)
ONLY pathogenic fungi to have a capsule.
ID with india ink
Candidiasis
Candida albcinas
Opportunistic
Cutaneous: nail folds
Mucocut: cracks at corner of mouth
Chronic: granulomatous dz
Systemic: fungemia, endocarditis, pneumonia, UTI, meningitis
Aspergillosis
Aspergillosis
Opportunistic
Septate Hyphae branch at regular intervals
Alfatoxin (carcinogen)
Mycotoxicoses: ingestion of contamined food.
Hypersensitivity
Secondary colonization: lungs
Systemic: rapidly fatal
Pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii) Pneumonia
Pneumocystis
Opportunistic
PCP pneumonia
stained by Gomori Silver, Giemsa method, or fluorescence
Droplet inhalation transmission