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173 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
skin infection in arm, deep purple cocci in grape like clusters under microscope
staphylococcus aureus
what is the following organisms is responsible for ophthalmia neonatorum
neisseria gonorrhea
what organism causes rheumatic fever
streptococcus pyogens
what is coagulase positive and catalase positive
staphylococcus aureus
what is a zoonotic disease
anthrax
what causes malignant pustules
bacillus anthracis
what develops a cluster of spherical cells
staphylococci
woolsorters disease is also called
pulmonary anthrax
which of the following organisms causes gas gangrene
clostridium perfringens
both staphylococci and streptococcus can produce hemolysin T or F
T
toxic shock syndrome toxin is produced by staphylococcus aureus
T
which of the following organisms causes food poisoning following eating of reheated fried rice
bacillus cereus
what organism is comma-shaped and causes watery diarrhea
vibrio cholera
what is transmitted by contaminated dairy products and unpasteurized milk
brucellosis
acid fast stain is used to identify which microorganism
mycobacterium
is teichoic acid found within gram negative bacteria
no
how does bacteria reproduce
replication
what is found in arrangements of monotrichous, lophotrichus, amphitrichous, and pertrichous
flagella
what is true regarding the functions of the bacterial pill
adhere to cell surfaces
what is true regarding bacterial genetic transduction
DNA transferred by a virus from one cell to another
what is a common feature of bacillus anthracis, clostridium tetani, clostridium tetani
they are bacteria spore bearing
salmonella food poisoning in the US most common due to
egg and poultry
what is the most common cause of a urinary tract infection
e. coli
acute glomerulo nephritis is a nonsuppurative complication that follows infection by which one of the following organisms
streptococci pyogens
what causes classical urethritis in male
n. gonorrhea
what is not involved in the purification of water
fluoridation
diseases that are always present in a community, usually at a low, more or less constant, frequency are classified as having an _____ pattern
endemic
an epidemic that becomes unually widespread and even global in its reach is referred to as a
pandemic
what gov agency is responsible for safety of milk and milk products
USDA
what fed agency establishes standards for acceptable occupational exposure to toxic chemicals
occupational safety and health adminstration
what agency is responsible for disease diagnosis and epidemiological safety
CDC
what healthy agency is responsible for follow up of pandemic diseases
WHO
what health agency assures quality of air and water supply
EPA
which of the following is the purpose of pili on bacteria
adherence to host cells
what is not used to classify bacteria
size
opthalmia neonatorum is caused by
neisseria gonorrhea
what causes woolsorters disease
bacillus anthracis
what causes gas gangrene
clostridium perfringens
what causes pseudomembranous cloitis
clostridium difficile
what bacteria are strictly gram negative anaerobes
bacteroids
normal flora of a human is not known to do with what
anti-carcinagenic chemicals
how does bacteria multiply
binary fission
what bacteria has a thicker cell wall
gram positive
bacterial gene transfer cannot happen by
budding
what does vibrio cholera produce
severe/excessive diarrhea leading to death
does bacteria contain solid nuceli
no
what is not a cell shape of bacteria
round
what does bacillus cereus cause
food poisoning
which bacteria are shaped like clusters under the microscope
staphylococcus
what causes vomiting and watery, nonbloody diarrhea
enterotoxin
all clostridia are ____ spore forming, gram _____ rods
anaerobic positive
bacillus cereus growth on fried rice can cause
food poisoning
gram positive bacteria appear to be
purple
enzymes present in the periplasmic space of gram negative bacteria make them resitant to
penicillin
enterotoxin causes all the following except
blood-diarrhea
s saprophyticus causes what type of infection
urinary tract infection
what bacteria contains lypoplysaccharide (endotoxin)
gram negative
what bacteria can form endospores
bacillus
endospores are not
used for reproduction
bacterial plasmids are
present in enkaryotes
which of the following is not a property of staphylococcus virus
gram negative
which of the following can produce spores
genus clostridium and genus bacillus
the growing cell/ developmental stage of bacteria is called
vegetative cell
what causes meningitis and sepsis in newborns and immunosuppressed adults and also causes outbreaks of febrile gastroenteritis
listeria monocytogens
bacteria are
eukaryotic
bacillus cereus can be described as
rod shaped
what is the difference between diplococcus and staphylococcus is
diplococcus are double spheres and staphylococcus are clusters
what creates gram positive cells
absence of teichoic acid
gram negative bacteria appear
pink to red
what disease has clinical finding of lock jaw
clostridium tetani
all of the following are characteristics of clostridia except
endotoxic
fever urethral discharge and burning during urination, staining indicates gram neg
gonococcal
what organism is responsible for gastric carcinoma
helicobacter pylori
what has been implicated in hemolytic uremic syndrome
e. coli
what bacteria causes lobar pneumonia associated with diabetes and alcholism
klebsiella pneumonia
what causes whooping cough
bordetella pertussis
what disease is transmitted by contaminated dairy products and unpasteurized milk
brucellosis
commonest tick born disease in USA
lyme disease
what is the cause of parrot fever
chlamydia psittici
what are three things true about syphilis
caused by treponema pallidum, pirochetes, penicillin is the drug of choice for treatment
what is not transmitted by a vector
q fever
what does not have a cell wall
mycoplasma
what organism can cross the placental barrier
treponema pallidum
rickettsia reckettsia is cause of which of the following
rocky mountain spotted fever
which of the following organisms causes black death in the 14th century
yersinia pestis
salmonella food poisoning is most common due to
egg and poultry
what is the most common cause of UTI
e. coli
plague was called bubonic because of what
swollen lymph nodes
what gram neg rod causes whooping cough
bordetella pertusis
what dis is transmitted by contaminated dairy products and unpasteurized milk
brucellosis
what organism is responsible for wound infections associated with cat and dog bites
pasteurella multcoida
which of the following organism causes hensen's dis
mycobacterium leprae
which of the following gram neg rods has capacity to producing greenish pus in infections
pseudomonas aeruginosa
T or F pregnancy, malnutrition, alcohol and drug abuse may predispose patients to overgrowth by resident candida species in the mouth, gut, vagina or urinary tract
T
is tinea corpora associated with pityriasis rosacea
no
an infecting fungus is most likely to be seen in a neutropenic patient
aspergillus
toxins are associated with the aspergillus species
aflatoxins
fungi are usually cultured at
30 deg
what organism is only found in north america
blastomyces dermatitidis
what is the primary difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic disease
membrane bound organelles
which of the following fungi produces a capsule
crptococcus
outbreakes of sporothrix schenckii have been traced to contaminated sphagnum moss and inoculated into the fingers of gardeners, thus it has sometimes been called "rose gardener's dis" tell-tale nodules develop along draining lymphatics of the arm
T
the best known mycotoxicosis occures after ingesting Amanita mushrooms which produce xeveral potent hepatotoxins
T
Are aerial hyphae associated with vegetative mycellum
no
most fungi of medical sig will be visible on mycology media within
weeks
most common pathogen affecting cell mediated immune compromised pt is
cryptococcus
which of the following is not an asexual fungal spore
ascospores
which of the following is not a dimorphic fungus
candida
which of the following would generally not cause disease via inhalation
sporotrichosis
which of the following is not a dermatophyte
rhizopus
target sites for antifungal therapy may include all except
nuclear membrane
which of the following statements is untrue concerning the phylum deuteromycota
only sexual spores have been observed in its members
individuals who enjoy the sports of speluking may be exposed to high levesl of histoplasma capsulatum if high deposits of bat guano is present
T
diabetic ketoacidosis or severe malnutrition may be infected with Rhixopus species, as more iron is released allowing growth of these low virulent but rapidly pathogenic infections
T
Ab does not favor yeast overgrowth as most fungi are equally affected by the changes they create to bacterial cell walls
F
which of the following statements about fungi is false
all fungi are unicellular
which of the following statements concerning yeast is false
must be diamorphic
which of the following is the primary difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell
membrane bound organelles
which of the following fungal produces a capsule
cryptococcus
tinea corporis matches pityriasis rosacea
false
which of the following regarding candida albicans infections is NOT true
in its dimorphic state, it can involve the lungs and other organs
which of the following media cultures is most frequently used to observe fungal growth
sabouraud agar
what is a characteristic of fungi
they are eukaryotic
which of the following is NOT characteristic of fungi
they are eukaryotic
which of the following is NOT a characteristic of fungi
they all have a peptidoglycan cell wall
which of the following is a dimorphic fungus
candida albicans
all of the following are useful in identifying medically important fungi except
gram staining
all of the following are superficial fungi
candia albicans
which of the following fungi cause tinea versicolor
malassezia furfur
which of the following causes a fungal ball in lung cavitites
aspergillus fumigatus
which of the following is responsible for san joaquin valley fever
coccidiodies imitis
which of the following is transmitted by inhalation of spores found in bat droppings
histoplasma capsulatum
which of the following fungi can cause meningitis in AIDS patients
cryptococcus neoformans
which of the following fungi causes white soft nodules on the hair
trichophyton beigelli
which of the following fungi causes an atypical pneumonia in imunocompromised patients
pneumocysitis carinii
which of the following parasitizes alveolar macrophages in the lungs
histoplasma capsulaturm
which of the following is caused by sporothrix schenckii
localized absess or ulcer with nodules along the draining lymphatics
which of the following is NOT a dimorphic fungus
candida
the primary differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells is
membrane bound organelles
which of the following is NOT an asexual fungal spore
ascospores
which of the following statements concerning yeast is false
they must be dimorphic
which of the following statements about fungi is false
all fungi are unicellular
which of the following statements is untrue concerning the phylum deuteromycota
only sexual spores have been observed in its members
which of the following statements is untrue concerning the phylum deureromycota
only sexual spores have been observed in its members
which of the following organisms is only found in North America
blastomyces dermatiditis
which of the following is NOT a dermatophyte
Rhizopus
which of the following would generally not cause disease via inhalation
sporotrichosis
which of the following would generally not cause disease via inhalation
sporotrichosis
which of the following fungi produces a capsule
cryptococceus
in the lab fungi are cultured at
30 deg
most common pathogen affecting cell mediiated immune compormised pts is
cryptococcus
most fungi of medical significance will be visible on mycology media within
weeks
most fungi of medial significance will be visible on mycology media within
weeks
toxins associated with the aspergillus species are known as
aflatoxins
target sites for antifungal therapy may include all of the following except
nuclear membrane
an infecting fungus most likely to be seen in a neutropenic patient is
aspergillus
some fungi that were originaly placed in the class "fungi imperfecta" due to the fact that they did not appear to form sexual spores now have two names due to the fact that they now have been found to have a sexual phase
true
some fungi that were originally placed in the class "fungi imperfecta" due to the fact they did not appear to form sexual spores now have two names due to the fact that they now have been found to have a sexual phase
fungi imperfecta
The best known mycotoxicosis occurs after ingesting amanita muschrooms which produce several potent heptotoxins
True
the best known mycotoxicosis occurs after ingesting Amanita mushrooms which produce several potent hepatotoxins
intoxication may result from ingestion of a potent toxin producing fungus itself (amanita mushrooms- hepatotxins) or foods (spoiled grains/peanuts) contaminated by their toxins
pregancy, malnutrition, alcohol and drug abuse may predispose patient to overgrowth by resident Candida species in the mouth, gut, vagina or urinary tract
T
patients with diabetic ketoacidosis or severe malnutrition may be infected with Rhizopus species, as more iron is released allowing growth of these low virulent but rapidly pathogenic infections
T
patients with diabetic ketoacidosis or severe malnutrition may be infected
T
Ab treatment does not favor yeast overgrowth as most fungi are equally affected by the changes they create to bacterial cell walls
F
Individuals who enjoy the sport of spelunking (cave exploration) may be exposed to high levels of histoplasma capsulatum if high deposits of bat guano is present
T
Out breaks of Sporothrix schenckii have been traced to contamination sphagnum moss and inoculated into the fingers of gardeners, thus it has sometimes been called "rose garderner's disease" tell-tale nodules develop along draining lymphatics of the arm
T
out breaks of sporothrix schenckii have been traced to contaminated sphagnum moss and inoculated into the fingers of gardeners, thus it has someties been called "rose garderner's disease" tell-tale nodules develop along draining lymphatics of the arm
T
which of the following fungi produces a capsule
cryptococcus
which of the following fungi produces a capusle
cryptococcus
which of the following media cultures is most frequently used to observe fungal growth
sabouraud agar
which of the following media cultures is most frequently used to observe fungal growth
sabouraud agar
which of the following facts is NOT ture regarding infections with candida albicans
in its dimorphic state it can involve the lungs and idsseminate to organs
actinomycetes and nocardis are prokaryotic organisms that act like fungus in that they are both filamentors and beaded but are in face gram-positive organisms
T