Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
RESTRICTION ENZYME
AN ENZYME THAT CUTS DOUBLE-STRANDED DNA AT SPECIFIC SITED BETWEEN NUCLEOTIDES
ANTISENSE DNA
DNA THAT IS COMPLEMENTARY TO THE DNA ENCODING A PROTEIN; THE ANTISENSE RNA TRANSCRIPT WILL HYBRIDIZE WITH THE mRNA ENCODING THE PROTEIN AND INHIBIT SYNTHESIS OF THE PROTEIN
COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR (CSF)
A SUBSTANCE THAT INDUCES CERTAIN CELLS TO PROLIFERATE OR DIFFERENTIATE
GENE LIBRARY
A COLLECTION OF CLONED DNA FRAGMENTS CREATED BY INSERTING RESTRICTION ENZYME FRAGMENTS IN A BACTERIUM, YEAST, OR PHAGE
DNA PROBE
A SHORT, LABELED, SINGLE STRAND OF DNA OR RNA USED TO LOCATE ITS COMPLEMENTARY STRAND IN A QUANTITY OF DNA
GEL ELECTROPHORESIS
THE SEPARATION OF SUBSTANCES (SUCH AS SERUM PROTEINS OR DNA) BY THEIR RATE OF MOVEMENT THROUGH AN ELECTRICAL FIELD
PROTOPLAST FUSION
A METHOD OF JOINING TWO CELLS BY FIRST REMOVING THEIR CELLS WALLS; USED IN GENETIC ENGINEERING
RFLP
RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM; A FRAGMENT RESULTING FROM RESTRICTION-ENZYME DIGESTION DNA
DNA FINGERPRINTING
ANALYSIS OF DNA BY ELECTROPHORESIS OF RESTRICTION ENZYME FRAGMENT OF THE DNA
SUBUNIT VACCINE
A VACCINE CONSISTING OF AN ANTIGENETIC FRAGMENT
BIOTECHNOLOGY
THE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION OF MICROORGANISMS, CELLS, OR CELL COMPONENTS TO MAKE A USEFUL PRODUCT
REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE
AN RNA-DEPENDENT DNA POLYMERASE; AN ENZYME THAT SYNTHESIZES A COMPLEMENTARY DNA FROM A RNA TEMPLATE
CLONE
A POPULATION OF CELLS THAT ARE IDENTICAL TO THE PARENT CELL
TI PLASMID
AN AGROBACTERIUM PLASMID CARRYING GENES FOR TUMOR INDUCTION IN PLANTS
GENETIC SCREENING
TECHNIQUES FOR DETERMINING WHICH GENES ARE IN A CELL'S GENOME
METHYLATE
ADDITION OF A METHYL GROUP (2CH3) TO A MOLECULE; METHYLATED CYTOSINE IS PROTECTED FROM DIGESTION BY RESTRICTION ENZYMES
MICROINJECTION
THE INTRODUCTION OF MATERIAL, SUCH AS DNA, DIRECTLY INTO A CELL, USUALLY WIT A GLASS PIPETTE
PROTOPLAST
A GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIUM OR PLANT CELL TREATED TO REMOVE THE CELL WALL
TRANSFORMATION
(1) THE PROCESS IN WHICH GENES ARE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE BACTERIUM TO ANOTHER AS "NAKED" DNA IN SOLUTION (2) THE CHANGING OF A NORMAL CELL INTO A CANCEROUS CELL
ELETROPORATION
A TECHNIQUE BY WHICH DNA IS INSERTED INTO A CELL USING AN ELECTRICAL CURRENT
SOUTHERN BLOTTING
A TECHNIQUE THAT USES DNA PROBES TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF SPECIFIC DNA IN RESTRICTION FRAGMENTS SEPARATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS
COLONY HYBRIDIZATION
THE IDENTIFICATION OF A COLONY CONTAINING A DESIRED GENE BY USING A DNA PROBE THAT IS COMPLEMENTARY TO THAT GENE
SHUTTLE VECTOR
A PLASMID THAT CAN EXIST IN SEVERAL DIFFERENT SPECIES; USED IN GENETIC ENGINEERING
DNA SEQUENCING
A PROCESS BY WHICH THE NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF DNA IS DETERMINED
cDNA (COMPLEMENTARY DNA)
DNA MADE IN VITRO FROM AN mRNA TEMPLATE
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION
CHOOSING ONE ORGANISM FROM A POPULATION TO GROW BECAUSE OF ITS DESIRABLE TRAITS
GENETIC ENGINEERING
MANUFACTURING AND MANIPULATING GENETIC MATERIAL IN VITRO; ALSO CALLED RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY
SPLICING
A PROCESS BY WHICH AN RNA MOLECULE CUTS OUT INTRONS AND REJOINS EXONS TO PRODUCE A MOLECULE OF mRNA
INTRON
A REGION IN A EUKARYOTIC GENE THAT DOES NOT CODE FOR A PROTEIN OR mRNA
SITE-DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS
TECHNIQUES USED TO MODIFY A GENE IN A SPECIFIC LOCATION TO PRODUCE THE DESIRED POLYPEPTIDE
POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR)
A TECHNIQUE USING DNA POLYMERASE TO MAKE MULTIPLE COPIES OF A DNA TEMPLATE IN VITRO