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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
PHENOLIC
A SYNTHETIC DERIVATIVE OF PHENOL USED AS A DISINFECTANT
COMMERCIAL STERILIZATION
A PROCESS OF TREATING CANNED GOODS AIMED AT DESTROYING THE ENDOSPORES OF CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM
CHEMICALLY DEFINED MEDIUM
A CLASS OF OXIDIZING-TYPE STERILIZING DISINFECTANTS
HALOGEN
ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS: FLUORINE, CHLORINE, BROMINE, IODINE, OR ASTATINE
FLAMING
THE PROCESS OF STERILIZING AN INOCULATING LOOP BY HOLDING IT IN AN OPEN FLAME
EQUIVALENT TREATMENTS
DIFFERENT METHODS THAT HAVE THE SAME EFFECT ON CONTROLLING MICROBIAL GROWTH
DECIMAL REDUCTION TIME (DRT)
THE TIME (IN MINUTES) REQUIRED TO KILL 90% OF A BACTERIAL POPULATION AT A GIVEN TEMPERATURE; ALSO CALLED D VALUE
ANTISEPSIS
A CHEMICAL METHOD FOR THE DISINFECTION OF THE SKIN OR MUCOUS MEMBRANES; THE CHEMICAL IS CALLED AN ANTISEPTIC
BACTERIOSTASIS
A TREATMENT CAPABLE OF INHIBITING BACTERIAL GROWTH
IODOPHOR
A COMPLEX OF IODINE AND A DETERGENT
EMULSIFICATION
THE PROCESS OF MIXING TWO LIQUIDS THAT DO NOT DISSOLVE IN EACH OTHER
ALDEHYDE
AN ORGANIC MOLECULE WITH THE FUNCTIONAL GROUP --C=O
-OH
HIGH-TEMPERATURE SHORT-TIME (HTST) PASTEURIZATION
PASTEURIZING AT 72 DEGREES C FOR 15 SECONDS
THERMODURIC
HEAT RESISTANT
HIGH-EFFICIENCY PARTICULATE AIR (HEPA)FILTER
A SCREENLIKE MATERIAL THAT REMOVES PARTICLES LARGER THAN 0.3mm FROM THE AIR
DESSICATION
THE REMOVAL OF WATER
IONIZING RADIATION
HIGH-ENERGY RADIATION WITH A WAVELENGTH LESS THAN 1 nm; CAUSES IONIZATION; X-RAYS AND GAMMA RAYS ARE EXAMPLES
AUTOCLAVE
EQUIPMENT FOR STERILIZATION BY STEAM UNDER PRESSURE, USUALLY OPERATED AT 15 PSI AND 121 DEGREES C
BISPHENOL
A GROUP OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMICALS COMPOSED OF TWO PHENOLIC GROUPS; INCLUDES TRICLOSAN
HOT-AIR STERILIZATION
STERILIZATION BY THE USE OF AN OVEN AT 170 DEGREES C FOR APPROXIMATELY 2 HOURS
USE-DILUTION TEST
A METHOD OF DETERMINING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A DISINFECTANT USING SERIAL DILUTIONS
STERILIZATION
THE REMOVAL OF ALL MICROORGANISMS, INCLUDING ENDOSPORES
SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENT
ANY COMPOUND THAT DECREASES THE TENSION BETWEEN MOLECULES LYING ON THE SURFACE OF A LIQUID; ALSO CALLED A SURFACTANT
DISK-DIFFUSION METHOD
AN AGAR-DIFFUSION TEST USED TO DETERMINE MICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TO CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS; ALSO CALLED THE KIRBY-BAUER TEST
PHENOL
ALSO CALLED CARBOLIC ACID
SANITIZATION
THE REMOVAL OF MICROBES FROM EATING UTENSILS AND FOOD PREPARATION AREAS
MICROWAVE
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION WITH WAVELENGTH BETWEEN 1021 AND 1023m.
DISINFECTION
ANY TREATMENT USED ON INANIMATE OBJECTS TO KILL OR INHIBIT THE GROWTH OF MICROORGANISMS; A CHEMICAL USED IS CALLED AN DISINFECTANT
NITROSAMINE
A CARCINOGEN FORMED BY THE COMBINATION OF NITRITE AND AMINO ACIDS
OLIGODYNAMIC ACTION
THE ABILITY OF SMALL AMOUNTS OF A HEAVY METAL COMPOUND TO EXERT ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY
ASEPTIC SURGERY
TECHNIQUES USED IN SURGERY TO PREVENT MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION OF THE PATIENT
TINCTURE
A SOLUTION IN AQUEOUS ALCOHOL
ALCOHOL
AN ORGANIC MOLECULE WITH THE FUNCTIONAL GROUP --OH
THERMAL DEATH POINT (TDP)
THE TEMPERATURE REQUIRED TO KILL ALL THE BACTERIA IN A LIQUID CULTURE IN 10 MINUTES
ASEPSIS
THE ABSENCE OF CONTAMINATION BY UNWANTED ORGANISMS
MEMBRANE FILTER
A SCREENLIKE MATERIAL WITH PORES SMALL ENOUGH TO RETAIN MICROORGANISMS; A 0.45mm FILTER RETAINS MOST BACTERIA
BIOCIDE
A SUBSTANCE CAPABLE OF KILLING MICROORGANISMS
DEGERMING
THE REMOVAL OF MICROORGANISMS IN AN AREA; ALSO CALLED DEGERMATION
BIGUANIDE
A GROUP OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMICALS, INCLUDING CHLORHEXIDINE ESPECIALLY USEFUL ON SKIN AND MUCOUS MEMBRANES
NON-IONIZING RADIATION
SHORT-WAVELENGTH RADIATION THAT DOES NOT CAUSE IONIZATION; ULTRAVIOLET (UV) RADIATION IS AN EXAMPLE
SEPSIS
A TOXIC CONDITION RESULTING FROM THE GROWTH AND SPREAD OF BACTERIA IN BLOOD AND TISSUE
ULTRA-HIGH-TEMPERATURE (UHT) TREATMENT
A METHOD OF TREATING FOODS WITH HIGH TEMPERATURES (140-150 DEGREES C)FOR VERY SHORT TIMES TO MAKE THE FOODS STERILE SO THAT IS CAN BE STORED AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
QUATERNARY AMMONIUM COMPOUND (QUAT)
A CATIONIC DETERGENT WITH FOUR ORGANIC GROUPS ATTACHED TO A CENTRAL NITROGEN ATOM; USED AS A DISINFECTANT
PEROXYGEN
A CLASS OF OXIDIZING-TYPE STERILIZING DISINFECTANTS