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134 Cards in this Set

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NAME
the urinary system normally does not contain many microbes but opportuntustic infections can be a problem
true
T or F
Almost all infections are bacterial that ocur in the unrinary
True
Most nosocamial uriniary ifections are associated w (1) and (2)
urinary catheters and e coli
What are the symptoms of someone w a disease of the urninary system?
(1)painful urniaton or senstation that the bladder is not emptying all the way (2)cloudy or a bloody tinge in the urine
NAME
symptoms include painful unrination or senseation that the bladder is not emptying and cloudy or bloody tinge in the urine
microbial disease of the urinary system
What is Cystis?
common inflammation of the bladder
NAME
is a common inflammation of the bladder
Cystis
With whom is there a greater ocurance of Cystis for and why?
femals bc anatomical difference allow for higher contamination of the urethra by bacteria
What are the symptoms of cystis?
(1)diffuclt (2)painful (3)urgent urination (4)leukocytes in the urine
NAME
symptoms include diffuclt, painful, urgent urination, and leukocytes in the urine
Cystis
What primarly causes Cystis?
e coli
NAME
is primarly caused by e coli but also Staphlococcus aparophtycuis, Chlaymida trachomatis, and mycoplasma hominis
Cystis
What is Pyelonephritis?
kidney infection
NAME
refers to a kidney infection
Pyelonephritis
Untreated Cytis can lead to (1)
inflammation of one or both kidneys
What are the symptoms of Pyelonephritis?
fever and back pain
NAME
symptoms include fever and back pain
Pyelonephritis
If Pyelonephritis becomes chronic, it can lead to (1)
scar tissue and life threatening kidney damage
NAME
if becomes chronic it can lead to scar tissue and life threatening kidney damage
Pyelonephritis
NAME WHETHER BACERTIA, VIRUS, PROTOZOAN, HELMINTH, OR NEITHER

Pyelonephtiris
bacteria
NAME WHETHER BACERTIA, VIRUS, PROTOZOAN, HELMINTH, OR NEITHER

Cytitis
Bacteria
What is leptospirosis?
is usally a disease of animals but can be passed along to humans by urine- contaminated water, soil, or tissue
NAME
is usally a disease of the animals but can be passed along to humans through urine-contaminated water, soil, or tissue
Leptospiriosis
NAME
can be contracted by swimming in lakes
Leptospiriosis
Leptospiriosis can also be contracted by (1)
swimming in lakes
What causes Leptospiriosis?
Leptospira interrogans
NAME
can be caused by Leptospira interrogans
Leptospirosis
What are the symptoms of Leptospirosis?
(1)incubation for 1-2 weeks followed by flu like symptopmoms (2)in a few cases, the kidney and the liver will be come seriously infected w signs of jaundice
NAME
symptopoms include incubation period for 1 to 2 weeks, then flu like symptoms for several days, but several days later the symptoms can return. In a few cases, the kidney and liver will become seriously infected w signs of jaundice
Leptospirosis
Most diseases of the reproductive system are (1)
STDs
What causes NGU?
Chlamydia trachomatis
NAME
is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
NGU
What does NGU stand for?
Non-gonococcal Ureththritis
NGU can cause in (1) the fetus
inclusion conjunctivitis
What is the reservoir for NGU?
the human body
How is NGU transmited?
direct contanct or secretions
NAME
is transmited by direct contact and secretions
NGU
What are the clincal signs or symptoms of NGU w symptoms for males and females? (3)
(1)may damage the interior of the reproductive system (2)75% of infected women harbor it asymptotically on the cervix, while 50% males show no symptoms (3)males have painful urination and females white drainage, endometritis, can become sterilzed and sufer interrupted tubal pregnatcies
NAME
males have painful urination and females have white drainage, endomertis, and suffer interepted tubal pregancies.
NGU
NAME
has resulted in many men and women becoming steral
NGU
NAME
about 75% of women harbor it asymptotically on their cervix while 50% males show no symptoms
NGU
What causes gential Herpes?
Herpes simplex 2
NAME
is caused by herpes simplex 2
gential herpes
T or F
Herpes simplex 1 can cause STD and Herpes simplex 2 can cause cold sores
True
NAME
is AIDS opportunists
Herpes Simplex virus
What happens in the babay has neonatal herpes? (3)
(1)can cause spotnatenous abortions or distrupted devolopment (2)can infect the nervous system (3)cause the mother to need a Ceasrean section
NAME
if the baby is infected during pregancy w this disease then the mother can have a spotaneous abortion, or have disturped devolopment. In additon, the mother may need a cesarean section and the disase an affect the baby's nervous system
Neonatal herpes
What is the reservoir for gential herpes?
human carriers
How is gential herpes transmited?
by persons w active lesions and asymptomatoc carriers
NAME
is transmited by persons w active lesions and asymptomatoc carriers
gential herpes
NAME
can have latent and recurrent attacks
herpes simplex virus
Herpes simplex virus can have (1) and (2)
latent and recurrent attacks
Where does the gential herpes remain latent in?
the nerve cells
NAME
nonactive virus remains inside the cranial nerves or spinal nerve trunk
gential herpes
NAME
recurrent infection triggered by change
genital herpes
With genital herpes, who s more likely to experiences recurrences?
women
NAME
women are more likely to have recurrences than men
genital herpes
What are the symptoms of herpes simplex 2? (4)
(1)nausea (2)fever (3)tenderness in the groin (4)virus migrates to the body surface prodcing vesicles often migrates to same site as before
NAME
symptoms include nausea, fever, tenderness in the groin, virus migrates to the body surface producing vesicles often in the same site as before
genital herpes
NAME
there is supression and management for this disease, but no cure
genital herpes
T or F
there is a cure for genital herpes
False
If there a cure for genital herpes?
no
Do condoms work against genital herpes?
no
T or F
condoms are effective against preventing genital herpes
True
What does HPV stand for?
Human papilomavirus
NAME
is caused by Human papilomavirus
Genital warts
What causes genital herpes?
Human papilmavirus
NAME WHETHER PROTOZOAN, FUNGI, VIRUS, BACTERIA, HELIMENTH, OR NEITHER

genital warts
virus
NAME WHETHER PROTOZOAN, FUNGI, VIRUS, BACTERIA, HELIMENTH, OR NEITHER

genital herpes
virus
NAME
there are many serotypes and some have been linke to causing cervical cancer
genital warts
Some serotypes of genital warts have been linked to causing (1)
cervical cancer
T or F
most people having gential warts are asymptomatic
True
NAME
fifty to 75% of sexually active men acuire this disease at some point or another
genital warts
T or F
about 5.5 million Americans get a new genital HPV infection each year
true
What happens to most people that get cervical HPV?
most of them will be cleared of the virus but those that dont the risk of cervical cancer is extremely high
NAME
90% of women infected w cerical HPV will clear the virus but of those do not, the risk of cervical cancer is extermely high aprox 4,500 women died of cervical cancer in 2001
Human papillomavirus
How is HPV transmitted?
direct contact
NAME
the incubation period is 2 weeks to 1 year
Human papillmavirus
NAME
for this disease, there is a strong assiciation w cancer of the reproductive tract in both men and women
Human papillmavirus
Genital warts have been known to convert into (1)
maligant tumors
What are the symptoms of genital warts?
if present tiny, flat inconspicous bumps to gaint branching cauliflower like masses on genitalia
NAME
symptoms are if present tiny flat inconspicous bumps to gain branching cauliflower like masses on genitalia
genital warts
NAME
virulence is unkown, the virus penetretes 1 epithelial cell which stimulates cell division and a wart forms
genital warts
T or F
condoms are affetctive in preventing warts
False
Can condoms prevent genital warts?
no
T or F
genital warts are extremely diffuclt to remove
True
What does HIV stand for?
Human immunodeifiency virus
HIV causes (1)
AIDS
NAME
is caused by HIV
AIDS
What causes AIDS?
HIV
What does AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
NAME
is a envoloped RNA retrovirus w mechanism for converting their genome from dsDNA
HIV
The HIV has is a envleopled (1) w mechanims for converting their (2) from (3)
(1)RNA retrovirus (2)genome (3)dsDNA
NAME
has rapid changes in the envelope
HIV
NAME
is a epedimic that is the 2# killer of males
HIV
HIV is the (1)
number 2 killer of males
What are the signs and symptoms of HIV? (3)
(1)ininital infection prodcues mono-like symptoms that disapear in response to anitbody production (2)+titler w or w/o symptoms (3)chronic lymph node swelling, suddent weight loss and reduced resistance to opporutnitistic infection 1/2 of which are fungal infections
NAME
initial infection produces mono-like symptoms that disapear in response to anitbody production
HIV
NAME
+ tiltle w or w/o symptoms
HIV
NAME
symptoms include chronic lymph node swelling, suddent weight loss and reduced resistance to opportunistisc infections
HIV
NAME
for this disease, there is a reduced resistance to oppirtunistic infections, 1/2 of which are fungal infections
HIV
What is the number 1 killer of males?
tuberculsosis
Tuberculosis is the number (10
1 killer of males
NAME
is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis
tuberculosis
What causes tuberculosis?
mycobacterium tuberculosis
What is Kaposi sarcoma?
vasuclar cancer w purple lesions
NAME
is vascular cancer w purple lesions
Kaposis's sarcoma
What are some ways to prevent AIDS?
(1)enzyme inhibitiors such as HAART (2)Fusion inhibitors (3)Combining the different types of inhibitors
NAME
preventation of this disease includes enzyme inhibitors such as HAART, fusion inhibitors, and combining the different types of inhibitors
AIDS
What does HAART stand for?
hight active anti-retroviral treatment
What are the different types of enzyme inhibitors used in preventing aids?
(1)Protease inhibitors (2)Nucleoside reverse transciptase (3)non-nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitors
NAME
affects the protien production
Protease inhibitors
What are Protease inhibitors?
affects the protien production
NAME
nuclesides interfere w the production of DNA from RNA
nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitors
What is nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitors
nucleosides interfere w the production of DNA from RNA
What are non-nucleoside reverse transcipase inhibitors?
affect the production of DNA from RNA execpt that inhibitors used are not nucleosides
NAMe
affects the production of DNA from RNA except that inhibitors are used are not nucleosides
non-nucleoside reverse transcripase inhibitors
What does NNRTis stand for?
non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhbitors
What does NRTIs stand for?
neucloside reverse transciptase inhibitors
What does PIs stand for?
Protease inhibitors
What are fusion inhibitors?
prevents entry of the virus into the cell by preventing the fusion of the viral envelope and ceullar membrane
NAME
prevents the entry of the virus into the cell by preventing the fusion of the viral envelope and the ceullar membrane
fusion inhibitors
NAME WHETHER PROTOZAON, FUNGI, BACTERIA, VIRUS, HELIMENTH, AND NEITHER

Trichomoniasis
protozoan
NAME WHETHER PROTOZAON, FUNGI, BACTERIA, VIRUS, HELIMENTH, AND NEITHER

tuberculosis
bacteria
NAME WHETHER PROTOZAON, FUNGI, BACTERIA, VIRUS, HELIMENTH, AND NEITHER

Kaposis's sarcoma
virus
What causes trichomoniasis?
Trichomonas vaginalis
NAME
is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis
Trichomoniaisis
NAME
called the "trich" infection
Trichomoniasis
is trichomoniaisis a STD?
yes
NAME
is a strict parasite of the human reproductive tract
trichomonas veginallis
What is the diagnostic feature of Trichomoniasis?
4-6 flagella
NAME
the diagnostic feature of this disease is 4-6 flagella
Trichomoniasis
What are the symptpoms of trichomoniasis?
(1)green discharge w odor (2)painful urination
NAME
symptoms include green discharge w odor and painful urniation
trichonmoiasis