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89 Cards in this Set

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What causes shingles?
herpes virus
NAME
is caused by the herpes virus
Shingles
How does the virus work in shingles?
by the it is able to remain in the nerve cell in a latent stage near the dorsal root ganglion near the spine
NAME
in this disease, the virus remain in the nerve cells in a latent state stage near the dorsal root ganglion near the spine
shingles
What is shingles also called? (3)
herpes zoster (2) Herpes virys HHV-3 (3)varicella zooster
NAME
is also called Herpes zoster, Herpes virus HHV-3 or varicella zooster
shingles
What are the syptoms of shingles?
(1)vesicales smilar chicken pox localized around the body the waist, or face, upper chest, and back (2)usally limited to one side of the body (3)can be serious impairing vision or causing paralysis
NAME
vesicales are similar to chicken pox locialized around the waist, or face, upper chest, and back. usally limited to one side of the body. can be serious impairing vision or cuasing paralysis
shingles
What is another name for the measles?(2)
(1)red measles (2)7 day measles
NAME
also called red measles or day measles
measles
What is the measles?
a macularopapular rash
NAME
is a macularopapular rash
measles
What is one draw back of the measles vaccine?
infants have a period of vulnerability in infants to 1 yr
How is the measles digonstst?
Koplick's spots in the oral mucosa
How is the measles dangerous in the young and elderly?(3)
can causes (1)deafness (2)pneumonia (3)encephalitis
What is another name for the Rubella?
German measles (2) 3 day measles
NAME
is called German measles or 3 day measles
Rubella
Which is milder Rubella or measles?
Rubella
Rubella can cause (1) in the infants of pregant women
Congential rubella syndrome
What are some of the complications of Congenital rubella syndrome? (5)
(1)chance of deagness,(2) eye catarct, (3)heart defects, (4)mental redardation,(5) death
NAME
if pregant women have this there is chance of deafness, eye catarct, heart defects, mental redardation, and death for the fetus
Congenital rubella syndrome
How is one tested for Rubella?
a blood test is taken for antibodies. (2)IgG levels indicate prior infection and if they rise over a period of 10-14 days they have a acitve infection (3) IgM levels will also indeicate acurrent infection
NAME
is tested by finding the antibodies in persons blood.
Rubella
NAME
(1)levels indicate prior infection
IgG
NAME
(1) levels will also indicate acurrent infection
IgM
What is Herpes simplex virus 1?
a cold sore
NAME
is a cold sore
Herpes simplex virus 1
What is herpetic keratiist?
when the cornea of the eye is infected
NAME
is when the cornea of the eye is infected
herpectic keratist
How is herpes simplex a ocuptional hazard?
if have it on their hands, the fluid of the sores is highly infectious and should be avoided
How is herpes simplex 1 transmitted?
by person w active lesions
What is whitlows?
are painful inflammation of the finger or toe
NAME
is the inflammation of the finger or toe
whitlows
NAME
this virus is latent and tends to have recurrent attacks
Herpes Simplix
How long does the Herpes Simplix last?
has a latent stage and can have recurrent attacks
What can retrigger herpes simplex virus?
triggered by(1) illnes, (2)stress, (3)surgery,(4) sunlight, (5) food, (6) citrus, (7)sulfate in toothpaste, and (8) hard candy
Herpes Simplix virus can migrate to the (1) often in the (2)
(1)body surface (2)the same site as before
What are the signs or symptoms of the herpes simplex?
(1)tender itchy bumps (2)painful eruptive vesicales (3)intense burning
NAME
symtopoms include tender itchy bumps, painful erupative vesicales and intense burning
Herpes Simplex
NAME
is the genital herpes
Herpes Simplex 2
What can Herpes Simplix 1 somtimes do?
(1)infect the oral mucosa (2)tongue (3)cheeks (4)lips
NAME
(1) can sometimes infect the oral mucosa, tongue, cheeks,and lips
Herpes Simplix 1
What are some preventions in spreading Herpes complex other than not having sex?
(1)wear gloves and be careful around infants
What are two drugs used to treat Herpes Simplix?
(1)zovirax (2)Valtrex
NAME
is treated w zovirax and Valtrex
Herpes Simplix
What diseases can Cutaneous mycoses cause ?
(1)Dermatophytoses (2)Ringworm (3)Athletes foot (4)Jock itch
NAME
can cause Dermatophytaose, ringworm, athletes foot, and jock itch
Cutaneous mycoses
What three fungal generas that cause Cutaneous mycoses?
(1)Trichophyton (2)Microsoprum (3)Epidermophyton
NAME
is caused by three funagl genras Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermohypton
Cutaneous mycoses
What is virulence?
the breakdown of keratin by keratinase
NAME
is the breakdown of kertain by keratinase
virulence
What is keratinase?
is the primary protein of the epidermal tissues of vertebrates such as the skin nails, hair, feathers, and horns
NAME
is the primary protein of the epidermal tissues of verberates
keratinase
NAME
virulence ocurs
Cutnaeous mycoses
In Cutnaeous mycoses (1) can ocur
virulence
What are the reserviors of Cutaneous mycoses? (3)
(1)humans (2)animals (3)soil
NAME
reservior includes humans, animals, and the soil
Cutaneous mycoses
What are the symtpoms of Cutaneous mycoses?
(1)Athletes foot-scaly patches (2)Ringworm-scaly reddish rings on the body (3)Nail-initially white patches in the nail and later thickening and distortion
NAME
symtpoms include Athletes food- scaly white patches, ringworm- scaly reddish rings on the body, the nail initially white patches in the nail and later
Cutaneous mycoses
What are some treatments for cutaneous mycoses?
(1)long term weeks with OTC tropical ointments (2)gentle debridement of skin and UV light can help nails
NAME
treatments include long term weeks of OTC ointments
Cutaneous mycoses
NAME
is HIV opportunist and an early indicator of HIV
candidasis
Candidasis is a (1)
HIV opportunist
Candidasis can be a indicator of (1)
early HIV
What is Candidasis reservoir?
normal flora
How is Candidasis diagnsed?
by microscopic observation of budding cells
NAME
is diagnosised by the microscopic observation of budding cells
Candidasis
What keeps Candida albicans in check?
low ph and noram vaginal anaerobes
What is really imporant in a immunity against Candidas?
T-shaped cells
What are T shaped cells?
Thymus derived or T lymphoctes
NAME
is Thymus dervied or T lymphoctes
T shaped cells
What is only way that Candidas can spread?
by direct contact
NAME
is most common nomsaocomial fungal infection
Candidias
What are some ways to treat Candidais?
(1)diflucan pill (2)Nystain for the skin (3)Amphotericn B for systemic infection (4) OTC for yeast infection
NAME
treatments include Nystain for the skin, Ampthoterican B for systemic infection and OTC for yeast infection
Candidais
For whom does risk for candidias increase for?
(1)infants (2)pregant people (3)hormonal changes bc of birth control or antibotics (4)immunodefienciency (5)surgery (6)trauma (7)diabetics
NAME
people w (1)infants (2)pregant people (3)hormonal changes bc of birth control or antibotics (4)immunodefienciency (5)surgery (6)trauma (7)diabetics have a increased chance of getting this infection
Candidais
What is scabies?
a parasitic infection of the skin
NAME
is paraastitc infection of the skin
scabies
What causes scabies?
saroptes scabiei
NAME
is caused by saroptes scabiei
scabies
What is saroptes scabiei?
are burrowing mite
NAME
is treated w Kwell
scabies
What is Scabies treated w?
Kwell
What is does the TORCH stand for?
T= Toxic plasmosis
O= other infections like Heptatsis B, Spyphills and Shingles
R=Rubella
C= Cytomegalo virus
H= Herpes simplex
What does TORCH stand for?
T= Toxic plasmosis
O= other infections like Heptatsis B, Spyphills and Shingles
R=Rubella
C= Cytomegalo virus
H= Herpes simplex
Who is the TORCH given to?
pregant women
What causes Herpetic keratis?
herpes simplix 1
NAME
is a skin infection caused by Herpes Simplex 1
herpetic keratitis