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37 Cards in this Set

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ETHAMBUTOL
A SYNTHETIC ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT THAT INTERFERES WITH THE SYNTHESIS OF RNA
SPECTRUM OF MICROBIAL ACTIVITY
THE RANGE OF DISTINCTLY DIFFERENT TYPES OF MICROORGANISMS AFFECTED BY AN ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG; A WIDE RANGE IS REFERRED TO AS A BROAD SPECTRUM OF ACTIVITY
SEMISYNTHETIC PENICILLINS
MODIFICATIONS OF NATURAL PENICILLINS BY INTRODUCING DIFFERENT SIDE CHAINS THAT EXTEND THE SPECTRUM OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND AVOID MICROBIAL RESISTANCE
GRISEOFULVIN
A FUNGISTATIC ANTIBIOTIC
CARBAPENEMS
ANTIBIOTICS THAT CONTAIN A B-LACTAM ANTIBIOTIC AND CILASTATIN
DISK-DIFFUSION METHOD
AN AGAR-DIFFUSION TEST TO DETERMINE MICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TO CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS; ALSO CALLED KIRBY-BAUER TEST
AZOLES
ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS THAT INTERFERE WITH STEROL SYNTHESIS
VANCOMYCIN
AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT INHIBITS CELL WALL SYNTHESIS
CEPHALOSPORIN
AN ANTIBIOTIC PRODUCED BY THE FUNGUS CEPHALOSPORIUM THAT INHIBITS THE SYNTHESIS OF GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIAL CELL WALLS
CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENT
A CHEMICAL (DRUG) USED IN THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE
RIFAMYCIN
AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT INHIBITS BACTERIAL RNA SYNTHESIS
AMINOGLYCOSIDE
AN ANTIBIOTIC CONSISTING OF AMINO SUGARS AND AN AMINOCYCLITOL RING; FOR EXAMPLE, STREPTOMYCIN
PENICILLINS
A GROUP OF ANTIBIOTICS PRODUCED EITHER BY PENICILLIUM (NATURAL PENICILLINS) OR BY ADDING SIDE CHAINS TO THE B-LACTAM RING (SEMISYNTHETIC PENICILLINS)
SULFONAMIDE
A BACTERIOSTATIC COMPOUND THAT INTERFERES WITH FOLIC ACID SYNTHESIS BY COMPETITIVE INHIBITION; ALSO CALLED A SULFA DRUG
PABA
PARA-AMINOBENZOIC ACID; A PRECURSOR FOR FOLIC ACID SYNTHESIS
ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDE
AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT IS BACTERICIDAL AND HAS A BROAD SPECTRUM OF ACTIVITY
BROTH DILUTION TEST
A METHOD OF DETERMINING THE MIC BY USING SERIAL DILUTIONS OF AN ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG
NATURAL PENICILLINS
PENICILLIN MOLECULES MADE BY PENICILLIUM SPP.; PENICILLINS G AND V ARE EXAMPLES
SYNERGISM
(1) THE EFFECT OF TWO MICROBES WORKING TOGETHER THAT IS GREATER THAN THE EFFECT OF EITHER ACTING ALONE (2) THE PRINCIPLE WHEREBY THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO DRUGS USED SIMULTANEOUSLY IS GREATER THAN THAT OF EITHER DRUG USED ALONE
POLYENE ANTIBIOTIC
AN ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT THAT ALTERS STEROLS IN EUKARYOTIC PLASMA MEMBRANES AND CONTAINS MORE THAN FOUR CARBON ATOMS AND AT LEAST TWO DOUBLE BONDS
MONOBACTAM
A SYNTHETIC ANTIBIOTIC WITH A B-LACTAM RING THAT IS MONOCYCLIC IN STRUCTURE, IN CONTRAST TO THE BICYCLIC B-LACTAM STRUCTURE OF THE PENICILLINS AND CEPHALOSPORINS
PROTEASE INHIBITOR
A CHEMICAL THAT INHIBITS PROTEASES (PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES)
TETRACYCLINE
BROAD-SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS THAT INTERFERE WITH PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
ANTIBIOTIC
AN ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT, USUALLY PRODUCED NATURALLY BY A BACTERIUM OR FUNGUS
E TEST
AN AGAR DIFFUSION TEST TO DETERMINE ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY USING A PLASTIC STRIP IMPREGNATED WITH VARYING CONCENTRATIONS OF AN ANTIBIOTIC
CHLORAMPHENICOL
A BROAD-SPECTRUM BACTERIOSTATIC CHEMICAL
BACTERICIDE
A SUBSTANCE CAPABLE OF KILLING BACTERIA
ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG
A CHEMICAL THAT DESTROYS PATHOGENS WITHOUT DAMAGING BODY TISSUES
QUININE
AN ANTIMALARIAL DRUG DERIVED FROM THE CINCHONA TREE AND EFFECTIVE AGAINST SCHIZOGOMY STAGE IN RED BLOOD CELLS
QUINOLONE
AN ANTIBIOTIC WHOSE MODE OF ACTION IS TO INHIBIT DNA REPLICATION BY INTERFERING WITH THE ENZYME DNA GYRASE
FLUROQUINOLONE
A SYNTHETIC ANTIBACTERIAL AGENT THAT INHIBITS DNA SYNTHESIS
MACROLIDE
AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT INHIBITS PROTEIN SYNTHESIS; FOR EXAMPLE, ERYTHROMYCIN
SELECTIVE TOXICITY
THE PROPERTY OF SOME ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS TO BY TOXIC FOR A MICROORGANISM AND NONTOXIC FOR THE HOST
BROAD-SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTIC
AN ANTIBIOTIC THAT IS EFFECTIVE AGAINST A WIDE RANGE OF BOTH GRAM-POSITIVE AND GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA
ZONE OF INHIBITION
THE AREA OF NO BACTERIAL GROWTH AROUND AN ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT IN THE DISK-DIFFUSION METHOD
ISONIAZID (INH)
A BACTERIOSTATIC AGENT USED TO TREAT TUBERCULOSIS
SUPERINFECTION
THE GROWTH OF A PATHOGEN THAT HAS DEVELOPED RESISTANCE TO AN ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG BEING USED; THE GROWTH OF AN OPPORTUNISTIC PATHOGEN