Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/66

Click to flip

66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
T CELL
A TYPE OF LYMPHOCYTE, WHICH DEVELOPS FROM A STEM CELL PROCESSED IN THE THYMUS GLAND, THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY
ARTIFICIALLY ACQUIRED ACTIVE IMMUNITY
THE PRODUCTION OF ANTIBODIES BY THE BODY IN RESPONSE TO A VACCINATION
IMMUNOTOXIN
AN IMMUNOTHERAPEUTIC AGENT CONSISTING OF A POISON BOUND TO A MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY
ANTIBODY-DEPENDENT CELL-MEDIATED CYTOTOXICITY (ADCC)
THE KILLING OF ANTIBODY-COATED CELLS BY NATURAL KILLER CELLS AND PHAGOCYTES
ACTIVATED MACROPHAGE
A MACROPHAGE THAT HAS INCREASED PHAGOCYTIC ABILITY AND OTHER FUNCTIONS AFTER EXPOSURE TO MEDIATORS RELEASED BY T CELLS AFTER STIMULATION BY ANTIGENS
GLOBULIN
THE CLASS OF PROTEINS THAT INCLUDES ANTIBODIES
CYTOTOXIC T (TC) CELLS
A SPECIALIZED T CELL THAT DESTROYS INFECTED CELLS PRESENTING ANTIGENS
CHEMOKINE
A CYTOKINE THAT INDUCES, BY CHEMOTAXIS, THE MIGRATION OF LEUKOCYTES INTO INFECTED AREAS
PRIMARY RESPONSE
ANTIBODY PRODUCTION IN RESPONSE TO THE FIRST CONTACT WITH AN ANTIGEN
SUPPRESSOR T CELLS (TS)
A T CELL THAT IS THOUGHT TO END AN IMMUNE RESPONSE AFTER AN ANTIGEN IS NO LONGER PRESENT
PLASMA CELL
A CELL THAT AN ACTIVATED B CELL DIFFERENTIATES INTO; PLASMA CELLS MANUFACTURE SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES
IgA
THE CLASS OF ANTIBODIES FOUND IN SECRETIONS
IgG
THE MOST ABUNDANT CLASS OF ANTIBODIES IN SERUM
IMMUNITY
THE BODY'S DEFENSE AGAINST PARTICULAR PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS; ALSO CALLED SPECIFIC RESISTANCE
IMMUNE SERUM GLOBULIN
THE SERUM FRACTION CONTAINING INMMUNOGLOBULINS (ANTIBODIES); ALSO CALLED GAMMA GLOBULIN
ANTIBODY TITER
THE AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY IN SERUM
AGGLUTINATION
A JOINING TOGETHER OR CLUMPING OF CELLS
TARGET CELL
AN INFECTED BODY CELL TO WHICH DEFENSIVE CELLS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM BIND
CYTOKINE
A SMALL PROTEIN RELEASED FROM HUMAN CELLS IN RESPONSE TO BACTERIAL INFECTION; DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY MAY INDUCE FEVER, PAIN, OR T-CELL PROLIFERATION
NATURAL KILLER (NK) CELL
A LYMPHOID CELL THAT DESTROYS TUMOR CELLS AND VIRUS-INFECTED CELLS
MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY
A SPECIFIC ANTIBODY PRODUCED IN VITRO BY A CLONE OF B CELLS HYBRIDIZED WITH CANCEROUS CELLS
MEMORY RESPONSE
A RAPID RISE IN ANTIBODY TITER FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO AN ANTIGEN AFTER THE PRIMARY RESPONSE TO THAT ANTIGEN; ALSO CALLED ANAMESTIC RESPONSE OR SECONDARY RESPONSE
MONOMER
A SMALL MOLECULE THAT COLLECTIVELY COMBINES TO FORM POLYMERS
IMMUNOGLOBULIN (IG)
A PROTEIN (ANTIBODY) FORMED IN RESPONSE TO AN ANTIGEN AND CAN REACT WITH THAT ANTIGEN
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX (MHC)
THE GENES THAT CODE FOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS; ALSO KNOWN AS HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN (HLA) COMPLEX
ACQUIRED IMMUNITY
THE ABILITY, OBTAINED DURING THE LIFE OF THE INDIVIDUAL, TO PRODUCE SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES
T-DEPENDENT ANTIGEN
AN ANTIGEN THAT WILL STIMULATE THE FORMATION OF ANTIBODIES ONLY WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF HELPER T CELLS
DELAYED HYPERSENSITIVITY T (TD) CELLS
A SPECIALIZED T CELL THAT PRODUCES LYMPHOKINES IN TYPE IV HYPERSENSITIVITIES
T-INDEPENDENT ANTIGEN
AN ANTIGEN THAT WILL STIMULATE THE FORMATION OF ANTIBODIES WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF HELPER T CELLS
ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT
A SPECIFIC REGION ON THE SURFACE OF AN ANTIGEN AGAINST WHICH ANTIBODIES ARE FORMED; ALSO CALLED EPITOPE
INTERLEUKIN
A CHEMICAL THAT CAUSES T-CELL PROLIFERATION
CHIMERIC MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY
A GENETICALLY ENGINEERED ANTIBODY MADE OF HUMAN CONSTANT REGIONS AND MOUSE VARIABLE REGIONS
HAPTEN
A SUBSTANCE OF LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT THAT DOES NOT CAUSE THE FORMATION OF ANTIBODIES BY ITSELF BUT DOES SO WHEN COMBINED WITH A CARRIER MOLECULE
HUMORAL IMMUNITY
IMMUNITY PRODUCED BY ANTIBODIES DISSOLVED IN BODY FLUIDS, MEDIATED BY B CELLS; ALSO CALLED ANTIBODY-MEDIATED IMMUNITY
IgD
THE CLASS OF ANTIBODIES FOUND ON B CELLS
CLONAL SELECTION
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLONES OF B AND T CELLS AGAINST A SPECIFIC ANTIGEN
SEROLOGY
THE BRANCH OF IMMUNOLOGY THAT STUDIES BLOOD SERUM AND ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY REACTIONS IN VITRO
LYSIS
(1)DESTRUCTION OF A CELL BY THE RUPTURE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE, RESULTING IN A LOSS OF CYTOPLASM (2) IN DISEASE, A GRADUAL PERIOD OF DECLINE
VALENCE
THE COMBINING CAPACITY OF AN ATOM OR A MOLECULE
DENDRITIC CELL
A TYPE OF ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELL CHARACTERIZED BY A LONG FINGERLIKE EXTENSIONS; FOUND IN LYMPHATIC TISSUE AND SKIN
ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEX
THE COMBINATION OF AN ANTIGEN WITH THE ANTIBODY THAT IS SPECIFIC FOR IT; THE BASIS OF IMMUNE PROTECTION AND MANY DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
APOPTOSIS
THE NATURAL PROGRAMMED DEATH OF A CELL; THE RESIDUAL FRAGMENTS ARE DISPOSED OF BY PHAGOCYTOSIS
ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELL (APC)
A MACROPHAGE OR DENDRITIC CELL THAT ENGULFS AN ANTIGEN AND PRESENTS FRAGMENTS TO T CELLS
STEM CELL
A FETAL CELL THAT GIVES RISE TO RED BONE MARROW, BLOOD CELLS AND B AND T CELLS
ANAMNESTIC RESPONSE
MEMORY RESPONSE
ANTIGEN-BINDING SITES
A SITE ON AN ANTIBODY THAT BINDS TO AN ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT
ARTIFICIALLY ACQUIRED PASSIVE IMMUNITY
THE TRANSFER OF HUMORAL ANTIBODIES FORMED BY ONE INDIVIDUAL TO A SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUAL, ACCOMPLISHED BY THE INJECTION OF ANTISERUM
ANTIGEN
ANY SUBSTANCE THAT CAUSES ANTIBODY FORMATION AND REACTS ONLY WITH ITS SPECIFIC ANTIBODY; ALSO CALLED IMMUNOGEN
VACCINATION
THE PROCESS OF CONFERRING IMMUNITY BY ADMINISTERING A VACCINE; ALSO CALLED IMMUNIZATION
MEMORY CELLS
A LONG-LIVED B OR T CELL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MEMORY, OR SECONDARY, RESPONSE
VACCINE
A PREPARATION OF KILLED, INACTIVATED, OR ATTENUATED MICROORGANISMS OR TOXOIDS TO INDUCE ARTIFICIALLY ACQUIRED ACTIVE IMMUNITY
INFLAMMATION
A HOST RESPONSE TO TISSUE DAMAGE CHARACTERIZED BY REDNESS, PAIN, HEAT, AND SWELLING; AND SOMETIMES LOSS OF FUNCTION
NATURALLY ACQUIRED ACTIVE IMMUNITY
ANTIBODY PRODUCTION IN RESPONSE TO AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE
ANTIBODY
A PROTEIN PRODUCED BY THE BODY IN RESPONSE TO AN ANTIGEN, AND CAPABLE OF COMBINING SPECIFICALLY WITH THAT ANTIGEN
CD (CLUSTER OF DETERMINATION)
NUMBER ASSIGNED TO AN EPITOPE ON A SINGLE ANTIGEN, FOR EXAMPLE, CD4 PROTEIN, WHICH IS FOUND ON HELPER T CELLS
ANTIGEN RECEPTORS
AN ANTIBODY-LIKE MOLECULE ON B AND T CELLS THAT ENABLES THEM TO RECOGNIZE AND BIND TO THEIR SPECIFIC ANTIGEN
HELPER T (TH) CELL
A SPECIALIZED T CELL THAT OFTEN INTERACTS WITH AN ANTIGEN BEFORE B CELLS INTERACT WITH THE ANTIGEN
NATURALLY ACQUIRED PASSIVE IMMUNITY
THE NATURAL TRANSFER OF HUMORAL ANTIBODIES, FOR EXAMPLE, TRANSPLACENTAL TRANSFER
IgM
THE FIRST CLASS OF ANTIBODIES TO APPEAR AFTER EXPOSURE TO AN ANTIGEN
CLONAL DELETION
THE ELIMINATION OF B AND T CELLS THAT REACT WITH SELF
CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY
AN IMMUNE RESPONSE THAT INVOLVES T CELLS BINDING TO ANTIGENS PRESENTED ON INFECTED CELLS; T CELLS THEN DIFFERENTIATE INTO SEVERAL TYPES OF EFFECTOR T CELLS, INCLUDING HELPER AND CYTOTOXIC
B CELL
A TYPE OF LYMPHOCYTE; DIFFERENTIATES INTO ANTIBODY-SECRETING PLASMA CELLS AND MEMORY CELLS
IgE
THE CLASS OF ANTIBODIES INVOLVED IN HYPERSENSITIVITIES
HYBRIDOMA
A CELL MADE BY FUSING AN ANTIBODY-PRODUCING B CELL WITH A CANCER CELL
SELF-TOLERANCE
THE ABILITY OF AN ORGANISM TO RECOGNIZE AND NOT MAKE ANTIBODIES AGAINST SELF
PERFORIN
PROTEIN THAT MAKES A PORE IN A TARGET CELL MEMBRANE, RELEASED BY TC CELLS