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57 Cards in this Set

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BASOPHIL
A GRANULOCYTE (LEUKOCYTE) THAT READILY TAKES UP BASIC DYE AND IS NOT PHAGOCYTIC; HAS RECEPTORS FOR IgE Fc REGIONS
ADHERENCE
ATTACHMENT OF A MICROBE OR PHAGOCYTE TO ANOTHER'S PLASMA MEMBRANE OR OTHER SURFACE
CILLARY ESCALATOR
CILIATED MUCOSAL CELLS OF THE LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT THAT MOVE INHALED PARTICULATES AWAY FROM THE LUNGS
KERATIN
A PROTEIN FOUND IN EPIDERMIS, HAIR AND NAILS
MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTIC SYSTEM
A SYSTEM OF FIXED MACROPHAGES LOCATED IN THE SPLEEN, LIVER, LYMPH NODES, AND RED BONE MARROW
LEUKOCYTE
A WHITE BLOOD CELL
MACROPHAGE CHEMOTACTIC FACTOR
ATTRACTS MACROPHAGES TO INFECTION SITE
TRANSMEMBRANE CHANNEL
A PORE IN A TARGET CELL MEMBRANE PRODUCED BY COMPLEMENT
TRANSFERRIN
A HUMAN IRON-BINDING PROTEIN THAT REDUCES IRON AVAILABLE TO A PATHOGEN
GRANULOCYTE
A LEUKOCYTE WITH VISIBLE GRANULES IN THE CYTOPLASM; INCLUDES NEUTROPHILS, BASOPHILS, AND EOSINOPHILS
HISTAMINE
A SUBSTANCE RELEASED BY TISSUE CELLS THAT CAUSES VASODILATION, CAPILLARY PERMEABILITY, AND SMOOTH MUSCLE CONTRACTION
EPIDERMIS
THE OUTER PORTION OF THE SKIN
PROSTAGLANDIN
A HORMONELIKE SUBSTANCE THAT IS RELEASED BY DAMAGED CELLS, INTENSIFIES INFLAMMATION
MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX
COMPLEMENT PROTEINS C5-C9 WHICH TOGETHER MAKE LESIONS IN CELL MEMBRANES THAT LEAD TO CELL DEATH
EMIGRATION
THE PROCESS BY WHICH PHAGOCYTES MOVE OUT OF BLOOD VESSELS; ALSO CALLED DIAPEDESIS
COMPLEMENT
A GROUP OF SERUM PROTEINS INVOLVED IN PHAGOCYTOSIS AND LYSIS OF BACTERIA
PHAGOLYSOSOME
A DIGESTIVE VACUOLE
NONSPECIFIC RESISTANCE
HOST DEFENSES THAT AFFORD PROTECTION AGAINST ANY KIND OF PATHOGEN
MACROPHAGE
A PHAGOCYTIC CELL; A MATURE MONOCYTE
PHAGOCYTOSIS
THE INGESTION OF SOLIDS BY EUKARYOTIC CELLS
RESISTANCE
THE ABILITY TO WARD OFF DISEASES THROUGH NONSPECIFIC AND SPECIFIC DEFENSES
FIXED MACROPHAGE
A MACROPHAGE THAT IS LOCATED IN A CERTAIN ORGAN OR TISSUE (E.G., LIVER, LUNGS, SPLEEN, OR LYMPH NODES); ALSO CALLED HISTIOCYTE
ABSCESS
A LOCALIZED ACCUMULATION OF PUS
INTERFERON (IFN)
AN ANTIVIRAL PROTEIN PRODUCED BY CERTAIN ANIMAL CELLS IN RESPONSE TO A VIRAL INFECTION
INFLAMMATION
A HOST RESPONSE TO TISSUE DAMAGE CHARACTERIZED BY REDNESS, PAIN, HEAT, AND SWELLING; AND SOMETIMES LOSS OF FUNCTION
PHAGOCYTE
A CELL CAPABLE OF ENGULFING AND DIGESTING PARTICLES THAT ARE HARMFUL TO THE BODY
PSEUDOPOD
AN EXTENSION OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL THAT AIDS IN LOCOMOTION AND FEEDING
FEVER
AN ABNORMALLY HIGH BODY TEMPERATURE
EDEMA
AN ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF INTERSTITIAL FLUID IN BODY PARTS OR TISSUES, CAUSING SWELLING
EOSINOPHIL
A GRANULOCYTE WHOSE GRANULES TAKE UP THE STAIN EOSIN
ANTIVIRAL PROTEIN (AVP)
A PROTEIN MADE IN RESPONSE TO INTERFERON THAT BLOCKS VIRAL MULTIPLICATION
MONOCYTE
A LEUKOCYTE THAT IS THE PRECURSOR OF A MACROPHAGE
MACROPHAGE MIGRATION-INHIBITING FACTOR
PREVENTS MACROPHAGES FROM LEAVING INFECTION SITE
OPSONIZATION
THE ENHANCEMENT OF PHAGOCYTOSIS BY COATING MICROORGANISMS WITH CERTAIN SERUM PROTEINS (OPSONINS); ALSO CALLED IMMUNE ADHERENCE
DIFFERENTIAL WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT
THE NUMBER OF EACH KIND OF LEUKOCYTE IN A SAMPLE OF 100 LEUKOCYTES
MUCOUS MEMBRANES
MEMBRANES THAT LINE BODY OPENINGS, INCLUDING THE INTESTINAL TRACT, OPEN TO THE EXTERIOR; ALSO CALLED MUCOSA
PLASMA
THE LIQUID PORTION OF BLOOD IN WHICH THE FORMED ELEMENTS ARE SUSPENDED
AGRANULOCYTE
A LEUKOCYTE WITHOUT VISIBLE GRANULES IN THE CYTOPLASM; INCLUDES MONOCYTES AND LYMPHOCYTES
COMPLEMENT FIXATION
THE PROCESS IN WHICH COMPLEMENT COMBINES WITH AN ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEX
LEUKOTRIENE
A SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY MAST CELLS AND BASOPHILS THAT CAUSES INCREASED PERMEABILITY OF BLOOD VESSELS AND HELPS PHAGOCYTES ATTACH TO PATHOGENS
VASODILATION
DILATION OR ENLARGEMENT OF BLOOD VESSELS
MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION FACTOR
INCREASES MACROPHAGES' EFFICIENCY AT DESTROYING INGESTED CELLS
SERUM
THE LIQUID REMAINING AFTER BLOOD PLASMA IS CLOTTED; CONTAINS ANTIBODIES (IMMUNIGLOBULINS)
OLIGOADENYLATE SYNTHETASE
A EUKARYOTIC ANTIVIRAL PROTEIN THAT DEGRADES VIRAL RNA
PHAGOSOME
A FOOD VACUOLE OF A PHAGOCYTE; ALSO CALLED A PHAGOCYTIC VESICLE
NEUTROPHIL
A HIGHLY PHAGOCYTIC GRANULOCYTE; ALSO CALLED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTE (PMN) OR POLYMORPH
CYTOLYSIS
THE DESTRUCTION OF CELLS, RESULTING FROM DAMAGE TO THEIR CELL MEMBRANE, THAT CAUSES CELLULAR CONTENTS TO LEAK OUT
CHEMOTAXIS
MOVEMENT IN RESPONSE TO THE PRESENCE OF A CHEMICAL
LYSOZYME
AN ENZYME CAPABLE OF HYDROLYZING BACTERIAL CELL WALLS
ACUTE-PHASE PROTEINS
SERUM PROTEINS WHOSE CONCENTRATION CHANGES BY AT LEAST 25% DURING INFLAMMATION
PUS
AN ACCUMULATION OF DEAD PHAGOCYTES, DEAD BACTERIAL CELLS, AND FLUID
DERMIS
THE INNER PORTION OF THE SKIN
MARGINATION
THE PROCESS BY WHICH PHAGOCYTES STICK TO THE LINING OF BLOOD VESSELS
CRISIS
THE PHASE OF A FEVER CHARACTERIZED BY VASODILATION AND SWEATING
WANDERING MACROPHAGE
A MACROPHAGE THAT LEAVES THE BLOOD AND MIGRATES TO INFECTED TISSUE
KININ
A SUBSTANCE RELEASED FROM TISSUE CELLS THAT CAUSES VASODILATION
LYMPHOCYTE
A LEUKOCYTE INVOLVED IN SPECIFIC IMMUNE RESPONSES