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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PROVIRUS
VIRAL DNA THAT IS INTEGRATED INTO THE HOST CELL'S DNA
ENDOCYTOSIS
THE PROCESS BY WHICH MATERIAL IS MOVED INTO A EUKARYOTIC CELL
ECLIPSE PERIOD
THE TIME DURING VIRAL MULTIPLICATION WHEN COMPLETE, INFECTIVE VIRIONS ARE NOT PRESENT
LYSOZYME
AN ENZYME CAPABLE OF HYDROLYZING BACTERIAL CELL WALLS
DIPLOID CELL LINE
EUKARYOTIC CELLS GROWN IN VITRO
CYTOPATHIC EFFECT (CPE)
A VISIBLE EFFECT ON A HOST CELL, CAUSED BY A VIRUS, THAT MAY RESULT IN HOST CELL DAMAGE OR DEATH
ONCOGENE
A GENE THAT CAN BRING ABOUT MALIGNANT TRANSFORMATION
DIPLOID CELL
A CELL HAVING TWO SETS OF CHROMOSOMES; DIPLOID IS THA NORMAL STATE OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL
BURST SIZE
THE NUMBER OF NEWLY SYNTHESIZED BACTERIOPHAGE PARTICLES RELEASED FROM A SINGLE CELL
LYSOGENY
A STATE IN WHICH PHAGE DNA IS INCORPORATED INTO THE HOST CELL WITHOUT LYSIS
SARCOMA
A CANCER OF FLESHY, NONEPITHELIAL TISSUE OR CONNECTIVE TISSUE
SLOW VIRAL INFECTION
A DISEASE PROCESS THAT OCCURS GRADUALLY OVER A LONG PERIOD; ALSO CALLED PERSISTENT VIRAL INFECTION
FUSION
THE MERGING OF PLASMA MEMBRANES OF TWO DIFFERENT CELLS, RESULTING IN ONE CELL CONTAINING CYTOPLASM FROM BOTH ORIGINAL CELLS
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)
A MEMBANOUS NETWORK IN EUKARYOTIC CELLS CONNECTING THE PLASMA MEMBRANE WITH THE NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
COMPLEX VIRUS
A VIRUS WITH A COMPLICATED STRUCTURE, SUCH AS A BACTERIOPHAGE
VIROID
INFECTIOUS RNA
TUMOR-SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGEN (TSTA)
A VIRAL ANTIGEN ON THE SURFACE OF A TRANSFORMED CELL
LYSOGENIC CYCLE
STAGES IN VIRAL DEVELOPMENT THAT RESULT IN THE INCORPORATION OF VIRAL DNA INTO HOST DNA
CAPSID
THE PROTEIN COAT OF A VIRUS THAT SURROUNDS THE NUCLEIC ACID
PRIMARY CELL LINE
HUMAN TISSUE CELLS THAT GROW FOR ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS IN VITRO
PRION
AN INFECTIOUS AGENT CONSISTING OF A SELF-REPLICATING PROTEIN, WITH NO DETECTABLE NUCLEIC ACIDS
VIRUS
A SUBMICROSCOPIC, PARASITIC, FILTERABLE AGENT CONSISTING OF A NUCLEIC ACID SURROUNDED BY A PROTEIN COAT
PROPHAGE
PHAGE DNA INSERTED INTO THE HOST CELL'S DNA
VIRION
A COMPLETE, FULLY DEVELOPED VIRAL PARTICLE
BUDDING
(1) ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION BEGINNING AS A PROTUBERANCE FROM THE PARENT CELL THAT GROWS TO BECOME A DAUGHTER CELL (2) RELEASE OF AN ENVELOPTED VIRUS THROUGH THE PLASMA MEMBRANE OF AN ANIMAL CELL
LYSIS
(1) DESTRUCTION OF A CELL BY THE RUPTURE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE, RESULTING IN A LOSS OF CYTOPLASM (2) IN DISEASE, A GRADUAL PERIOD OF DECLINE
ANTISENSE STRAND
VIRAL RNA THAT CANNOT ACT AS mRNA
PLAQUE-FORMING UNITS (PFU)
VISIBLE VIRAL PLAQUES COUNTED
CONTACT INHIBITION
THE CESSATION OF ANIMAL CELL MOVEMENT AND DIVISION AS A RESULT OF CONTACT WITH OTHER CELLS
ENVELOPE
AN OUTER COVERING SURROUNDING THE CAPSID OF SOME VIRUSES
HOST RANGE
THE SPECTRUM OF SPECIES, STRAINS, OR CELL TYPES THAT A PATHOGEN CAN INFECT
TRANSFORMATION
(1) THE PROCESS IN WHICH GENES ARE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE BACTERIUM TO ANOTHER AS "NAKED" DNA IN SOLUTION (2) THE CHANGING OF A NORMAL CELL INTO A CANCEROUS CELL
UNCOATING
THE SEPARATION OF VIRAL NUCLEIC ACID FROM ITS PROTEIN COAT
CONTINUOUS CELL LINE
ANIMAL CELLS THAT CAN BE MAINTAINED THROUGH AN INDEFINITE NUMBER OF GENERATIONS IN VITRO
SENSE STRAND (1 STRAND)
VIRAL RNA THAT CAN ACT AS mRNA
SPIKE
A CARBOHYDRATE-PROTEIN COMPLEX THAT PROJECTS FROM THE SURFACE OF CERTAIN VIRUSES
SPECIALIZED TRANSDUCTION
THE PROCESS OF TRANSFERRING A PIECE OF CELL DNA ADJACENT TO A PROPHAGE TO ANOTHER CELL
BURST TIME
THE TIME REQUIRED FROM BACTERIOPHAGE ATTACHMENT TO RELEASE
REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE
AN RNA-DEPENDENT DNA POLYMERASE; AN ENZYME THAT SYNTHESIZES A COMPLEMENTARY DNA FROM AN RNA TEMPLATE
LATENT INFECTION
A CONDITION IN WHICH A PATHOGEN REMAINS IN THE HOST FOR LONG PERIODS WITHOUT PRODUCING DISEASE
VIRAL SPECIES
A GROUP OF VIRUSES SHARING THE SAME GENETIC INFORMATION AND ECOLOGICAL NICHE
CAPSOMERE
A PROTEIN SUBUNIT OF A VIRAL CAPSID
BACTERIOPHAGE (PHAGE)
A VIRUS THAT INFECTS BACTERIAL CELLS
T ANTIGEN
AN ANTIGEN IN THE NUCLEUS OF A TUMOR CELL
ONCOGENIC VIRUS
A VIRUS THAT IS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING TUMORS; ALSO CALLED ONCOVIRUS
LYTIC CYCLE
A MECHANISM OF PHAGE MULTIPLICATION THAT RESULTS IN HOST CELL LYSIS
PLAQUE
A CLEARING IN A BACTERIAL LAWN RESULTING FROM LYSIS BY PHAGES
ADENOCARCINOMA
CANCER OF GLANDULAR EPITHELIAL TISSUE