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108 Cards in this Set

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GAMETE
A MALE OR FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE CELL
SLIME MOLD
A FUNGUSLIKE PROTIST
FLUKE
A FLATWORM BELONGING TO THE CLASS TREMATODA
COENOCYTIC HYPHA
A FUNGAL FILAMENT THAT IS NOT DIVIDED INTO UNINUCLEATE CELL-LIKE UNITS BECAUSE IT LACKS SEPTA
FLATWORM
AN ANIMAL BELONGING TO THE PHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES
STIPE
A STEMLIKE SUPPORTING STRUCTURE OF MULTICELLULAR ALGAE AND BASIDIOMYCETES
TROPHOZOITE
THE VEGETATIVE FORM OF A PROTOZOAN
DOMOIC ACID INTOXICATION
DIARRHEA AND MEMORY LOSS CAUSED BY DOMOIC ACID, PRODUCED BY DIATOMS
MICROSPORIDIA
EUKARYOTIC ORGANISMS THAT LACK MITOCHONDRIA AND MICROTUBULES; OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR PARASITES
PLASMODIUM
(1) A MULTINUCLEATED MASS OF PROTOPLASM, AS IN PLASMODIAL SLIME MOLDS (2) WHEN WRITTEN AS A GENUS, REFERS TO THE CAUSATIVE AGENT OF MALARIA
ASUCS
A SACLIKE STRUCTURE CONTAINING ASCOSPORES; FOUND IN THE ASCOMYCETES
PLANKTON
FREE-FLOATING AQUATIC ORGANISMS
PSEUDOPOD
AN EXTENSION OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL THAT AIDS IN LOCOMOTION AND FEEDING
ARTHROSPORE
AN ASEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE FORMED BY FRAGMENTATION OF A SEPTATE HYPHA
MEDULLA
A LICHEN BODY CONSISTING OF ALGAE (OR CYANOBACTERIA)AND FUNGI
PROGLOTTID
A BODY SEGMENT OF A TAPEWORM CONTAINING BOTH MALE AND FEMALE ORGANS
CYTOSTOME
THE MOUTHLIKE OPENING IN SOME PROTOZOA
BLASTOCONIDIUM
AN ASEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE PRODUCED BY BUDDING FROM THE PARENT CELL
CYST
A SAC WITH A DISTINCT WALL CONTAINING FLUID OR OTHER MATERIAL; ALSO, A PROTECTIVE CAPSULE OF SOME PROTOZOA
KELP
A MULTICELLULAR BROWN ALGA
APICOMPLEXA
UNICELLULAR EUKARYOTES THAT ARE OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR PARASITES; POSSESS A SPECIAL ORGANELLE AT THE TIP OF THE CELL
KARYOGAMY
FUSION OF THE NUCLEI OF TWO CELLS; OCCURS IN THE SEXUAL STAGE OF A FUNGAL LIFE CYCLE
EYESPOT
A PIGMENTED AREA IN A CELL, CAPABLE OF DETECTING THE PRESENCE OF LIGHT
METACERCARIA
THE ENCYSTED STAGE OF A FLUKE IN ITS FINAL INTERMEDIATE HOST
SPOROZOITE
A TROPHOZOITE OF PLASMODIUM FOUND IN MOSQUITOES, INFECTIVE FOR HUMANS
VECTOR
(1) A PLASMID OR VIRUS USED IN GENETIC ENGINEERING TO INSERT GENES INTO A CELL (2) AN ARTHROPOD THAT CARRIES DISEASE-CAUSING ORGANISMS FROM ONE HOST TO ANOTHER
TAPEWORM
A FLATWORM BELONGING TO THE CLASS CESTODA
YEAST
NONFILAMENTOUS, UNICELLULAR FUNGI
BLADE
A FLAT LEAFLIKE STRUCTURE OF MULTICELLULAR ALGAE
SPORANGIUM
A SAC CONTAINING ONE OR MORE SPORES
SEPTA
A CROSS-WALL IN A FUNGAL HYPHA
ALGIN
A SODIUM SALT OF MANNURONIC ACID (C6H8O6); FOUND IN BROWN ALGAE
MIRACIDIUM
THE FREE-SWIMMING, CILIATED LARVA OF A FLUKE THAT HATCHES FROM THE EGG
ASCOSPORE
A SEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE PRODUCED IN AN ASCUS, FORMED BY THE ASCOMYCETES
DEFINITIVE HOST
AN ORGANISM THAT HARBORS THE ADULT, SEXUALLY MATURE FORM OF A PARASITE
MYCORRHIZA
A FUNGUS GROWING IN SYMBIOSIS WITH PLANT ROOTS
TELEMORPH
THE SEXUAL STAGE IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF A FUNGUS; ALSO REFERS TO A FUNGS THAT PRODUCES BOTH SEXUAL AND ASEXUAL SPORES
CHLAMYDOSPORE
AN ASEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE FORMED WITHIN A HYPHA
LICHEN
A MUTUALISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A FUNGUS AND AN ALGA OR A CYANOBACTERIUM
ANAL PORE
A SITE IN CERTAIN PROTOZOA FOR ELIMINATION OF WASTE
BASIDIUM
A PEDSTAL THAT PRODUCES BASIDIOSPORES; FOUND IN THE BASIDIOMYCETES
LARVA
THE SEXUALLY IMMATURE STAGE OF A HELMINTH OR ARTHROPOD
HYPHA
A LONG FILAMENT OF CELLS IN FUNGI OR ACTINOMYCETES
CUTANEOUS MYCOSIS
A FUNGAL INFECTION OF THE EPIDERMIS, NAILS OR HAIR
BUDDING YEAST
FOLLOWING MITOSIS, A YEAST CELL THAT DIVIDES UNEVENLY TO PRODUCE A SMALL CELL (BUD) FROM THE PARENT CELL
YEAST INFECTION
DISEASE CAUSED BY GROWTH OF CERTAIN YEASTS IN A SUSCEPTIBLE HOST
AMOEBA
A UNICELLULAR EUKARYOTE THAT MOVES BY MEANS OF PSEUDOPODS
CERCARIA
A FREE-SWIMMING LARVA OF TREMATODES
SEXUAL SPORE
A SPORE FORMED BY SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
CONJUGATION
THE TRANSFER OF GENETIC MATERIAL FROM ONE CELL TO ANOTHER INVOLVING CELL-TO-CELL CONTACT
INTERMEDIATE HOST
AN ORGANISM THAT HARBORS THE LARVAL OR ASEXUAL STAGE OF A HELMINTH OR PROTOZOAN
BASIDIOSPORE
A SEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE PRODUCED IN A BASIDIUM, CHARACTERISTIC OF THE BASIDIOMYCETES
OPPORTUNISTIC PATHOGEN
A MICROORGANISM THAT DOES NOT ORDINARILY CAUSE A DISEASE BUT CAN BECOME PATHOGENIC UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES
VEGETATIVE
REFERRING TO CELLS INVOLVED WITH OBTAINING NUTRIENTS, AS OPPOSED TO REPRODUCTION
CYSTICERCUS
AN ENCYSTED TAPEWORM LARVA
RING STAGE
A YOUNG PLASMODIUM TROPHOZOITE THAT LOOKS LIKE A RING IN A RED BLOOD CELL
CYTOPLASMIC STREAMING
THE MOVEMENT OF CYTOPLASM IN A EUKARYOTIC CELL
SPICULE
ONE OF TWO EXTERNAL STRUCTURES ON THE MALE ROUNDWORM USED TO GUIDE SPERM
HELMINTH
A PARASITIC ROUNDWORM OR FLATWORM
SPORANGIOSPORE
AN ASEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE FORMED WITHIN A SPORANGIUM
ROUNDWORM
AN ANIMAL BELONGING TO THE PHYLUM NEMATODA
SCOLEX
THE HEAD OF A TAPEWORM, CONTAINING SUCKERS AND POSSIBLY HOOKS
SPORE
A REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURE FORMED BY FUNGI AND ACTINOMYCETES
SAXITOXIN
A NEUROTOXIN PRODUCED BY SOME DINOFLAGELLATES
ARCHAEZOA
PRIMITIVE, UNICELLULAR EUKARYOTES THAT LACK MITOCHANDRIA, SUCH AS GIARDIA
ANAMORPH
ASCOMYCETE FUNGI THAT HAVE LOST THE ABILITY TO REPRODUCE SEXUALLY; THE ASEXUAL STAGE OF A FUNGUS
CORTEX
THE PROTECTIVE FUNGAL COVERING OF A LICHEN
MYCELIUM
A MASS OF LONG FILAMENTS OF CELLS THAT BRANCH AND INTERTWINE, TYPICALLY FOUND IN MOLDS
DERMATOPHYTE
A FUNGUS THAT CAUSES A CUTANEOUS MYCOSIS
CUTICLE
THE OUTER COVERING OF HELMINTHS
UNDULATING MEMBRANE
A HIGHLY MODIFIED FLAGELLUM ON SOME PROTOZOA
CONIDIOPHORE
AN AERIAL HYPHA BEARING CONIDIOSPORES
HERMAPHRODITIC
HAVING BOTH MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE CAPABILITIES
REDIA
A TREMATODE LARVAL STAGE THAT REPRODUCES ASEXUALLY TO PRODUCE CERCARIAE
SCHIZOGONY
THE PROCESS OF MULTIPLE FISSION, IN WHICH ONE ORGANISM DIVIDES TO PRODUCE MANY DAUGHTER CELLS.
DIMORPHISM
THE PROPERTY OF HAVING TWO FORMS OF GROWTH
HOLDFAST
THE BRANCHED BASE OF AN ALGAL STIPE
HEMOFLAGELLATE
A PARASITIC FLAGELLATE FOUND IN THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM OF ITS HOST
RHIZINE
A ROOTLIKE HYPHA THAT ANCHORS A FUNGUS TO A SURFACE
FISSION YEAST
FOLLOWING MITOSIS, A YEAST CELL THAT DIVIDES EVENLY TO PRODUCE TWO NEW CELLS
RHIZOPODA
EUKARYOTIC ORGANISMS THAT MOVE USING PSEUDOPODS; AMOEBAS
ALGAL BLOOM
AN ABUDANT GROWTH OF MICROSCOPIC ALGAE PRODUCING VISIBLE COLONIES IN NATURE
PSEUDOHYPHA
A SHORT CHAIN OF FUNGAL CELLS THAT RESULTS FROM THE LACK OF SEPARATION OF DAUGHTER CELLS AFTER BUDDING
DIOECIOUS
REFERRING TO ORGANISMS IN WHICH ORGANS OF DIFFERENT SEXES ARE LOCATED IN DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS
SEPTATE HYPHA
A HYPHA CONSISTING OF UNINUCLEATE CELL-LIKE UNITS
MYCOLOGY
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF FUNGI
SUBCUTANEOUS MYCOSIS
A FUNGAL INFECTION OF TISSUE BENEATH THE SKIN
RED TIDE
A BLOOM OF PLANKTONIC DINOFLAGELLATES
SPROANGIOPHORE
AN AERIAL HYPHA SUPPORTING A SPORANGIUM
SUPERFICIAL MYCOSIS
A FUNGAL INFECTION LOCALIZED IN SURFACE EPIDERMAL CELLS AND ALONG HAIR SHAFTS
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM
THE DISTINCTLY DIFFERENT APPEARANCE OF ADULT MALE AND FEMALE ORGANISMS
KERATIN
A PROTEIN FOUND IN EPIDERMIS, HAIR, AND NAILS
TACHYZOITE
A RAPIDLY GROWING TROPHOZOITE FORM OF A PROTOZOAN
ENCYSTMENT
FORMATION OF A CYST
MONOECIOUS
HAVING BOTH MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES
MYCOSIS
A FUNGAL INFECTION
VACUOLE
AN INTRACELLULAR INCLUSION, IN EUKARYOTIC CELLS, SURROUNDED BY A PLASMA MEMBRANE; IN PROKARYOTIC CELLS, SURROUNDED BY A PROTEINACEOUS MEMBRANE
THALLUS
THE ENTIRE VEGETATIVE STRUCTURE OR BODY OF A FUNGUS, LICHEN, OR ALGA
ZYGOSPORE
A SEXUAL FUNGAL SPORE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE ZYGOMYCETES
MEROZOITE
A TROPHOZOITE OF PLASMODIUM FOUND IN RED BLOOD CELLS OR LIVER CELLS
SYSTEMIC MYCOSIS
A FUNGAL INFECTION IN DEEP TISSUES
CONIDIOSPORE
AN ASEXUAL SPORE PRODUCED IN A CHAIN FROM A CONIDIOPHORE
PLASMOGAMY
FUSION OF THE CYTOPLASM OF TWO CELLS; OCCURS IN THE SEXUAL STAGE OF A FUNGAL LIFE CYCLE
ASEXUAL SPORE
A REPRODUCTIVE CELL PRODUCED BY MITOSIS AND CELL DIVISION (EUKARYOTES) OR BINARY FISSION (ACTINOMYCETES)
ZYGOTE
A DIPLOID CELL PRODUCED BY THE FUSION OF TWO HAPLOID GAMETES
GAMETOCYTE
A MALE OR FEMALE PROTOZOAN CELL
OOCYST
AN ENCYSTED APICOMPLEXAN ZYGOTE IN WHICH CELL DIVISION OCCURS TO FORM THE NEXT INFECTIOUS STAGE
CILIATE
A MEMBER OF THE PROTOZOAN PHYLUM CILIOPHORA THAT USES CILIA FOR LOCOMOTION