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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
serological testing
techniques for identifying a microorganism based on its reaction with antibodies
RIBOSOMAL RNA (rRNA) SEQUENCING
DETERMINATION OF THE ORDER OF NUCLEOTIDE BASES IN rRNA
BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE
THE SYSTEM OF HAVING TWO NAMES (GENUS AND SPECIFIC EPITHET) FOR EACH ORGANISM; ALSO CALLED SCIENTIFIC NOMENCLATURE
NOMENCLATURE
THE SYSTEM OF NAMING THINGS
BACTERIA
KINGDOM OF PROKARYOTIC ORGANISMS, CHARACTERIZED BY PEPTIDOGLYCAN CELL WALLS; BACTERIUM (SINGULAR) WHEN REFERRING TO A SINGLE ORGANISM
DOMAIN
A TAXONOMIC CLASSIFICATION BASED ON rRNA SEQUENCES; ABOVE THE KINGDOM LEVEL
PHAGE TYPING
A METHOD OF IDENTIFYING BACTERIA USING SPECIFIC STRAINS OF BACTERIOPHAGES
NUCLEIC ACID HYBRIDIZATION
THE PROCESS OF COMBINING SINGLE COMPLEMENTARY STRANDS OF DNA
PROTIST
THERM USED FOR UNICELLULAR AND SIMPLE MULTICELLULAR EUKARYOTES; USUALLY PROTOZOA AND ALGAE
SLIDE AGGLUTINATION TEST
A METHOD OF IDENTIFYING AN ANTIGEN BY COMBINING IT WITH A SPECIFIC ANTIBODY ON A SLIDE
DNA FINGERPRINTING
ANALYSIS OF DNA BY ELECTROPHORESIS OF RESTRICTION ENZYME FRAGMENTS OF THE DNA
FAMILY
A TAXONOMIC GROUP BETWEEN ORDER AND GENUS
FUNGUS (pl. FUNGI)
AN ORGANISM THAT BELONGS TO THE KINGDOM FUNGI; A EUKARYOTIC ABSORPTIVE CHEMOHETEROTROPH
ORDER
A TAXONOMIC CLASSIFICATION BETWEEN CLASS AND FAMILY
STRAIN
A GENETICALLY IDENTICAL GROUP OF CELLS DERIVED FROM A SINGLE CELL
KINGDOM
A TAXONOMIC CLASSIFICATION BETWEEN DOMAIN AND PHYLUM
GENUS (pl. GENERA)
THE FIRST NAME OF THE SCIENTIFIC NAME (BINOMIAL); THE TAXON BETWEEN FAMILY AND SPECIES
ARCHAEA
PROKARYOTIC CELLS LACKING PEPTIDOGLYCAN; ONE OF THE THREE DOMAINS
PHYLOGENY
THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF A GROUP OF ORGANISMS; PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS ARE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS
ANIMALIA
THE KINGDOM COMPOSED OF MULTICELLULAR EUKARYOTES LACKING CELL WALLS
DICHOTOMOUS KEY
AN IDENTIFICATION SCHEME BASED ON SUCCESSIVE PAIRED QUESTIONS; ANSWERING ONE QUESTION LEADS TO ANOTHER PAIR OF QUESTIONS, UNTIL AN ORGANISM IS IDENTIFIES
CLASS
A TAXONOMIC GROUP BETWEEN PHYLUM AND ORDER
TAXONOMY
THE SCIENCE OF THE CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS
BERGEY'S MANUAL
BERGEY'S MANUAL OF SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY, THE STANDARD TAXONOMIC REFERENCE ON BACTERIA; ALSO REFERS TO BERGEY'S MANUAL OF DETERMINATIVE BACTERIOLOGY
SOUTHERN BLOTTING
A TECHNIQUE THAT USES DNA PROBES TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF SPECIFIC DNA IN RESTRICTION FRAGMENTS SEPARATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS
EUKARYA
ALL EUKARYOTES (ANIMALS, PLANTS, FUNGI, AND PROTISTS); MEMBERS OF THE DOMAIN EUKARYA
WESTERN BLOTTING
A TECHNIQUE THAT USED ANTIBODIES TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF SPECIFIC PROTEINS SEPARATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS
PLANTAE
THE KINGDOM COMPOSED OF MULTICELLULAR EUKARYOTES WITH CELLULOSE CELL WALLS
DNA BASE COMPOSITION
THE MOLES-PERCENTAGE OF GUANINE PLUS CYTOSINE IN AN ORGANISM'S DNA
EUKARYOTIC SPECIES
A GROUP OF CLOSELY RELATED ORGANISMS THAT CAN INTERBREED
PHYLUM
A TAXONOMIC CLASSIFICATION BETWEEN KINGDOM AND CLASS
ANTISERUM
A BLOOD-DERIVED FLUID CONTAINING ANTIBODIES
FLOW CYTOMETRY
A METHOD OF COUNTING CELLS USING A FLOW CYTOMETER, WHICH DETECTS CELLS BY THE PRESENCE OF A FLUORESCENT TAG ON THE CELL SURFACE
VIRAL SPECIES
A GROUP OF VIRUSES SHARING THE SAME GENETIC INFORMATION AND ECOLOGICAL NICHE
CLADOGRAM
A DICHOTOMOUS PHYLOGENETIC TREE THAT BRANCHES REPEATEDLY, SUGGESTING THE CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS BASED ON THE TIME SEQUENCE IN WHICH EVOLUTIONARY BRANCHES AROSE
DNA PROBE
A SHORT, LABELED, SINGLE STRAND OF DNA OR RNA USED TO LOCATE ITS COMPLEMENTARY STRAND IN A QUANTITY OF DNA
PROKARYOTIC SPECIES
A POPULATION OF CELLS THAT SHARE CERTAIN rRNA SEQUENCES; IN CONVENTIONAL BIOCHEMICAL TESTING, IT IS A POPULATION OF CELLS WITH SIMILAR CHARACTERISTICS
DIVISION
A PHYLUM; USED IN BOTANY
SEROLOGY
THE BRANCH OF IMMUNOLOGY THAT STUDIES BLOOD SERUM AND ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY REACTIONS IN VITRO
POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR)
A TECHNIQUES USING DNA POLYMERASE TO MAKE MULTIPLE COPIES OF A DNA TEMPLATE IN VITRO
SPECIFIC EPITHET
THE SECOND OR SPECIES NAME IN A SCIENTIFIC BINOMIAL