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14 Cards in this Set

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agar
a gelatin-like solidifying agent used in laboratory culture media, that contains nutrients for growth
animalcules
an older term used for a microscopic animal or protozoan
biotechnology
using microbes to solve biological problems
gene therapy
the insertion genes into an individual's cells and tissues to treat a disease, and hereditary disease in particular
germ theory
a theory that proposes that microorganisms are the cause of many diseases
hypothesis
a suggested explination of a phenemonon or a reasoned proposal suggesting a possible correlation between multiple phenomonons.
Koch postulates
criteria that must be present to demonstrate that organisms are the cause of disease.
lysozymes
an enzyme, that is referred to as the body's own antibiotic, since it kills bacteria.
microbe
an organism that is microscopic
microbiology
the study of microorganisms which are unicellular or cell-cluster microscopic organisms
penicillin
a group B-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by suseptible, usually Gram positive organisms
pure culture
a population of identical cells originating from a single cell, obtained by working in aseptic conditions.
scientific method
using logic to arrive at a provable conclusion
spontaneous generation
the idea that microbes develop without any cellular percentage.