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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chemotherapy
treatment with chemical substances
antibiotic
an antimicrobial agent, usually produced naturally by a bacterium or fungus.
aseptic techniques
laboratory techniques used to minimize contamination
bacteriology
the scientific study of prokaryotes, including bacteria and archaea
pathogen
a disease-causing organism
cell theory
all living organisms are composed of cells and arise from preexisting cells.
bioremediation
the use of microbes to remove an environmental pollutant
immunology
the study of a host's specific defenses to a pathogen
alga (pl. algae)
a photosynthetic eukaryote; maybe unicellular, filamentous, or multicellular but lack the tissues found in plants
fungus (pl. fungi)
an organism that belongs to the Kingdom Fungi;a eukaryotic absorptive chemoheterotroph
immunity
the body's defense against particular pathogenic microorganisms;also called specific resistance
archaea
prokaryotic cells lacking peptidoglycan; one of the three domains
genetic engineering
manufacturing and manipulating genetic material in vitro; also called recombinant DNA technology
RECOMBINANT DNA
A DNA MOLECULE PRODUCED BY RECOMBINANTION
GENUS (pl. GENERA)
THE FIRST NAME OF THE SCIENTIFIC NAME (BINOMIAL); THE TAXON BETWEEN FAMILY AND SPECIES
BIOGENESIS
THE THEORY THAT LIVING CELLS ARISE ONLY FROM PREEXISTING CELLS.
PROKARYOTE
A CELL WHOSE GENETIC MATERIAL IS NOT ENCLOSED IN A NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
GENE THERAPY
TREATING A DISEASE BY REPLACING ABNORMAL GENES
PASTEURIZATION
THE PROCESS OF MILD HEATING TO KILL SPOILAGE MICROORGANISMS OR PATHOGENS
PROTOZOAN (pl. PROTOZOA)
UNICELLULAR EUKARYOTIC ORGANISMS; USUALLY CHEMOHETEROTROPHIC
SYNTHETIC DRUG
A CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENT THAT IS PREPARED FROM CHEMICALS IN A LABORATORY
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
THE SCIENCE DEALING WITH DNA AND PROTEIN SYSNTHESIS OF LIVING ORGANISMS
VIRUS
A SUBMICROSCOPIC, PARASITIC, FILTERABLE AGENT CONSISTING OF A NEUCLEIC ACID SURROUNDED BY A PROTEIN COAT
ECOLOGY
THE STUDY OF THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND WITH THEIR ENVIRONMENT
EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASE (EID)
A NEW OR CHANGING DISEASE THAT IS INCREASING OR HAS THE POTENTIAL TO INCREASE IN INCIDENCE IN THE NEAR FUTURE
GERM THEORY OF DISEASE
THE PRINCIPLE THAT MICROORGANISMS CAUSE DISEASE
SPONTANEOUS GENERATION
THE IDEA THAT LIFE COULD ARISE SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NONLIVING MATTER
EUKARYOTE
A CELL HAVING DNA INSIDE A DISTINCT MEMBRANE-ENCLOSED NUCLEUS
SPECIFIC EPITHET
THE SECOND OR SPECIES NAME WITHIN A SCIENTIFIC BINOMIAL
VIROLOGY
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF VIRUSES
BACTERIA
KINGDOM OF PROKARYOTIC ORGANISMS, CHARACTERIZED BY PEPTIDOGLYCAN WALLS; BACTERIUM (SINGULAR) WHEN REFERRING TO A SINGLE ORGANISM
MYCOLOGY
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF FUNGI
HELMINTH
A PARASITIC ROUNDWORM OR FLATWORM
PARASITOLOGY
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF PARASITES(PROTOZOA AND PARASITIC WORMS)
NORMAL MICROBIOTA
THE MICROORGANISMS THAT COLONIZE A HOST WITHOUT CAUSING DISEASE; ALSO CALLED NORMAL FLORA
BIOTECHNOLOGY
THE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION OF MICROORGANISMS, CELLS, OR CELL COMPONENTS TO MAKE A USEFUL PRODUCT
FERMENTATION
THE ENZYMATIC DEGRADATION OF CARBOHYDRATES IN WHICH THE FINAL ELECTRON ACCEPTOR IS AN ORGANIC MOLECULE, ATP IS SYNTHESIZED BY SUBSTRATE-LEVEL PHOSPHORLYATION, AND 02 IS NOT REQUIRED
INFECTIOUS DISEASE
A DISEASE IN WHICH PATHOGENS INVADE A SUSCEPTIBLE HOST AND CARRY OUT AT LEAST PART OF THEIR LIFE CYCLE IN THE HOST
GENOMICS
THE STUDY OF GENES AND THEIR FUNCTION
MICROORGANISM
A LIVING ORGANISM TOO SMALL TO BE SEEN WITH THE NAKED EYE; INCLUDES BACTERIA, FUNGI,PROTOZOA, AND MICROSCOPIC ALGAE; ALSO INCLUDES VIRUSES
SPECIES
THE MOST SPECIFIC LEVEL IN THE TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY
KOCH'S POSTULATES
CRITERIA USED TO DETERMINE THE CAUSATIVE AGENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE