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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the most common bacterial causes of CNS infections in newborns
Group B streptococci and E.coli
What is the most common viral cause of meningitis
What is defined as diffuse parenchymal inflammation of the brain
How is meningitis differentiated from encephalitis
Acute encephalitis (non-herpetic type) presents similar to meningitis
but with the added features of any combination of:
convulsions, delirium, altered consciousness, aphasia, hemiparesis, ataxia, ocular palsies and facial weakness.
What is the most serious cause of encephalitis
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
What is the most common cause of acute encephalitis
Herpes Simplex. It is almost always type 1 except in neonates where type 2 predominates
What does TORCH acronym for congenital infections stand for
Others (Treponema)
Herpes type 2 and sometimes 1
When does congenital toxoplasmosis occur
Only when the mother becomes infected during pregnancy, especially the first 30 weeks
What is the most frequent cause of congenital viral infection
What is the most common parasitic CNS infection
Taenia solium (neurocysticercosis)
What is the most common opportunistic protozoan infection in AIDS patients
Toxoplasma gondii
What is the most common CNS fungal infection in AIDS