Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Genome
All genetic material in a cell
Genomics
Molecular Study of genomes
Genotype
Genes of an organism
Phenotype
Expression of the genes
Genetics
Study of what genes are,how they carry info, how info is expressed,and how genes are replicated
Gene
Segment of DNA that encoes a functional product, usually a protein
Biotechnology
The use of microorganisms,cells, or cell components to make a product
Ex: foods,antibiotics,vitamins,enzymes
Recombinant DNA Technology
Insertion or modification of genes to produce desired proteins
Ecoli
Used because easy to grow and genomics are known
Lysis
The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria
Mutation
A change in genetic material caused by chemicals and radiation
RNA to ...
DNA
Proteins
Composed of one or more chains of amino acids.
Prokaryotic
Easily treated, no nucleus
Eukaryotic
Hard to treat, has nucleus. Human fungi
Aerobic
Use oxygen
Systemic Mycoses
Deep within body
Subcutaneous Mycoses
Beneath skin
Cutaneous Mycoses
Of skin;affects hair, skin,nails
Ex: ringworms, athlete's foot
Opportunistic Mycoses
Caused by normal fungal microbiotathat are usually harmless
Dimorphism
The existence among animals of the same species of two distinct forms that differ in one or more characteristics, such as coloration, size, or shape.
Histoplasmosis
A disease that can affect respiration
Coccidioimycosis
Systemic disease
Protozoa
Unicellular eukaryotes that produce cysts
Viruses
Very small; cannot replicate without infecting host. Contain DNA or RNA and a protein. Some are enclosed by a membrane envelope.
Cytopathic Effects
Visible effects of virus infection (microscopic lvl)
Serological Tests
Detect antibodies against viruses in a pt
Neucleic Acids
Viral ID
Budding
An asexual reproductive structure, as in yeast or a hydra, that consists of an outgrowth capable of developing into a new individual.
Latent Viral Infections
Virus remains in asymptomatic host cell for long periods
EX:
coldsores, chicken pox
Persistent Viral Infections
Disease processes occurs over a long period of time.
Ex: HIV, Rubella