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22 Cards in this Set

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Ignez Semmelweis
(1818-1865) Father of Obstetrics. Practiced in Vienna. 1st to attempt handwashing before and between pt. care. Changed linen between cases. Decreased maternal/fetal mortality rates. Published extensive volumes of work & circulated them around the world. Died in an insane asylum.
(460-377 B.C) Lived 2500 years ago. Father of Medicine. Believed handwashing was important. Used boiling water to clean supplies. Changed medicine from superstition to science/art. Published many works. Hippocratic Oath.
Thomas Watson
(1880-1900) Used gloves during surgery (cotton).
Louis Pasteur
(1822-1895) French. Father of Microbiology. Advanced the germ theory. Invented pasteurization. Developed vaccines (rabies - Joe Meister 1885). Pasteur institute in Paris was founded in 1888.
Ambrose Pare
(1510-1590) 1st person to publish scientific articles in a language other than Latin. Not formally trained. Did away with boiling oil as cautery. Invented ligatures to seal vessels (ties). Believed in keeping wounds clean. Developed techniques to treat fractures.
Anton Von Leeuwenhock
Credited with inventing the microscope. 1st to describe accurately sperm cells, RBCs, WBCs, protozoa, and differently shaped bacteria. Destroyed most of his works but sent numerous documents to London.
Stewart Halstead
(1900s) Used rubber gloves and caps in the OR
Joseph Lister
(1827-1912) Father of Aseptic surgery. Received Semmelweis' papers. Surgeon (50% mortality rate cut to 15%). Used carbolic acid to disinfect hands, linens, instruments, dressings, even air.
(Early 1600s) Published work in France outlining modes of disease transmission. Wrote that disease is spread by direct contact (touching person who is will), indirect contact (touching/drinking after ill person), and airborne contact (breathing infected air).
1st embalmers. Burned herbs to disinfect the air.
Anything that lives upon, within, or at the expense of an organism.
Study of the frequency and geographic distribution of diseases and what leads to its spread.
Inanimate object
Infected blood
Contamination of an item or person by another item or person
Less virulent form of an infectious agent. Using live or weakened virus as an immunization.
Infectious disease
Disease where there is a growth of microbes
Process of cell eating. One way our body fights infection.
Microbes that feed on organic materials
Nosocomial infection
Hospital acquired infection
Communicable disease
Disease passed from person to person
Dormant form of microbe with enhanced resistance to heat, staining, and disinfection. Difficult to kill.