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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ground
pattern of bass notes repeated as a foundation for harmony, "Thy Hand/When I am laid in earth"
Da Capo Aria
an aria in ABA form, where B section can change texture, key, and/or text, w/o ritornello, The Trumpet Shall Sound
Arioso
half recit, half aria which makes opera more dramatic in 18th century, Hippolyte and Aricie
Castrata
a male singer with a very high voice due to an "exciting" operation, Giulio Caesare
Ritornello
an instrumental interlude between solos in a concerto, Brandenburg no. 5, explain vordersatz, fortspinnung, and epilog, can't change key
trio sonata
early 18th century (late 17th century) piece with only three parts but because of basso continuo, could have many instruments playing. played in Sacred or secular settings between 4-8 (usually 4- 6) movements. Corelli op. 3, no. 2
Binary Form
the simplest musical form, AB, but each can repeat. Sometimes IVVI, corelli
Concerto
soloist with accompaniment, often written in ritornello form (explain)
Vordersatz
first part of ritornello, opening gesture that usually ends in cadence
Fortspinnung
second part of ritornello, a series of repetitive gestures
Epilog
third part of ritornello, cadence,
Episode
the solo sections of concertos which can change key
rit0, r0 (0 is superscript)
the notation for ritornello in music
ripieno/tutti
the whole orchestra, accompaniment
concertino
the soloist of group of soloists
fugue
a piece with a fugual subject that is imitated in all voices. Free material (sometimes a sequence) is used in between the fugual subject, Bach Prelude and Fugue in A
Cantata
a multimovement work for soloist(s), orchestra, and basso continuo and sometimes a chorus which contains recititifs and arias and is based on a secular or sacred text, sacred cantata became important in lutheran church, Cantata no. 140, Wachet Auf
chorale cantata
a multimovement work for soloist(s), orchestra, and basso continuo, that was based on an a preexisting chorale or biblical text, Wachet Auf
Haupt gottesdienst
the early afternoon service of the Luteran church in which a cantata was performed before and after a sermon, the sermon had the same theme as the cantata, Wachet Auf