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20 Cards in this Set

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What is a community intervention?
A public health program; strategies are designed to make change in people - there behavior and environments.
How are community interventions developed?
1) Understand the community 2) Assess the needs 3) Set goals and objectives 4) Intervention development 5) Implementation 6) Evaluation
Six major community intervention methods
1) Communication 2) Education 3) Mobilization 4) Legislation & Regulation 5) Engineering 6) Services
Difference between communication and education.
Communication is mainly to increase awareness and it is one-way while education is not only to increase awareness but also to affect skills development (two-way e.g formal courses or workshop).
What is community mobilization?
Involves helping communities identify and take action on shared concerns.
What is leg & reg?
Establishing community laws and regulations through the legislative process.
What are the benefits of services? What is the main downfall?
Can enable behavior change, demonstrate agency willingness to serve, help prevent health problems. Con = can't ensure people will use them.
What is engineering? What are some examples?
Changing the things "around" people that will influence their awareness, knowledge, behavior, attitudes, etc. Examples: seat belts, air bags, no smoking signs, speed bumps
What are the levels of prevention?
Primary: activities to stop a disease prior to its onset Secondary: activities to catch a disease in the early stages Tertiary: rehabilitation
What is the mission of public health?
Fulfill society's interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy.
Define community organization.
A process through which communities are helped to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and in other ways develop and implement strategies for reaching goals they collectively have set.
What are the steps in the community organization process?
1. Identify the problem, 2. Asses the situation and mobilize resources, 3. Develop and implement strategies for reaching the goals that the community has collectively set.
What are the 3 models for community organization?
Locality (Community) Development, Social Planning, Social Action
What is Locality Development?
Grass roots approach. Work from the community up. Problems and solutions identified by the community.
What is Social Planning?
Problems & solutions are identified by the expert. Top down approach.
What is Social Action?
Seeks community change through organizing disadvantaged segments of the community. Ex: civil rights movement
How does Community Organization view "community?"
A group of people who share a common place, experience, or interest. Place i.e neighborhood. Experience i.e race. Interest i.e business. Needs focused.
How does Community Building view "community?"
Multidimensional - involves people at many levels. It is STRENGTH focused, not so much needs focused.
What is the difference between Community Organization and Community Building?
Community Org. focuses more on needs, and it is more restricted in terms of geography. Also, outside experts are oftentimes more heavily relied upon. Community Building focuses on strengths of the community...it is multidimensional, involving people at many levels.
Describe critical consciousness.
A theory that helps strengthen empowerment. It is the continuous cycle of reflection and action in making change. Listening ---> Dialogue ---> Action There is a mutual respect between teacher and learners, learners and teachers.