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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A Kilometer is equal to (miles)
2/3 of a mile
The Troposhere
Is the lowest layer
gets colder with elevation
The Stratosphere
The 2nd layer
Gets warmer with elevation
The Mesosphere
The 3rd layer
gets colder
The Thermosphere
The Outer layer
gets warmer
99% of the earths atmosphere are made of these gases
Nitrogen (78%)
Oxygen (21%)
counter clockwise and inward
kinetic energy
is defined as the energy within a body that is the result of motion
cold air is more
heat is released into the environment with
condensation and freezing
transfer of heat from molecule to molecule with in a substance; contact is needed (one moving fast hits one moving slow, moving slow will take heat and move as fast)
transfer of heat by the mass movement of a fluid (in the vertical); similar to a pot of boiling water
Advection - transfer of heat or properties from one part to another part (in the horizontal) usually by the prevailing wind
transfer of energy from one object to another without spaces in between heated; no contact is necessary
released by EVERYTHING
Releases the same amount of radiation that it absorbs
Thermal Belt
In a Valley, cold, warm, cold
Vertical Cross-Section
Both Vertical and Horizontal
Vertical Profile
a graph that displays one or more variables as a function of the distance above the earth over a single point.
Heating degree-day
Based on the assumption that people will begin to use their furnaces when the mean daily temperature drops below 65F.
Determined by subtracting the average temperature of the day from 65F.
Example: If the mean high was 63F then the heating degree-day is 2
Cooling degree-day
Based on the assumption that people will begin to use their air conditioners when the mean daily temperature rises above 65F.
Determined by subtracting 65F from the daily average temperature.
Growing degree-day
Based on the approximate number of days for a certain plant to fully grow for harvest.
Computed by using a base temperature where the plant can grow (daily mean temp - base temp).
is the percent of radiation returning from a given surface compared to the amount of radiation initially striking the surface. (reflectivity of a surface)
Local and worldwide albedo
North of 30, deficit
South of 30, surplus
both on 21
March 20
Sept 22
Electro-magnetic spectrum
warmer with height
Lapse rate
colder with height
stays the same with height