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40 Cards in this Set

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Sumerian
The earliest civilazation; present-day Iraq; leader: Gilgamesh
Sumerian
The earliest known civilazation; located in present-day Iraq; Leader: Gilgamesh; Polythesim
Cuneiform
wedge shaped marks on clay tablets; marks made with stylus; writing done by scribes
Ziggurats
A temple of the ancient Sumerians and Babylonians; made of terraces connected by ramps and stairs, roughly the shape of a pyramid; located at the center of the city; home of the high priest
Tigris
A river in Iraq and Turkey
Euphrates
A rive that flows south from Turkey through Syria and Iraq
Mesopotamia
an ancient region between the Tigirs and Euphrates Rivers in Southwest Asia
Fertile Crescent
A region in Southwest Asia; site of world's first civilazations
City-State
An independent, self-governing political unit on a small scale
Polythesim
Belief in many gods
Ur
The capital of Sumer
Sargon I
The leader of the Akkadians
Accomplishments of the Sumerians
Wheel, Sailboat, Plow for farming, 12-month calander, Cuneiform, Written laws, Math, Number system based on 60
Hammurabi
King of the Babylonians; established the Code of Laws
Code of Laws
Earliest code of laws and edict set by Hammurabi
Henry Rawlinson
Learned the secret of ancient Babylonian writing
Propaganda
An attempt to influence the minds of people through words and pictures
Kassites
Location: Persia, Present-day Iran; Leader: Gandash; Propanganda: Retained Babylonian culture; Accomplishments: Improved Court System and business; Polythesim
Hittites
Location: Asia Minor, present-day Turkey; Leaders: Suppililimus, Muwatalis; Accomplishments: Smelting, iron weapons, 1st written treaty; Polythesim
Assyrians
Location: Northern Mesopotamia; 10 territories; Well organized army; Polythesim
Ashurbanipal
leader of the Assyrians
Nineveh
Capital of the Assyrian Empire; library built here
Chaldeans
Location: Southern Mesopotamia; called themselves the Babylonians; Polythesim
Nebuchadnezzar
leader of the Chaldeans
Cyrus
leader of the Persians
Darius I
strongest leader of the Persians
Eyes and Ears of the King
Inspectors
Royal Road
1600 mile long road that took 15 days to travel; trade route
Phonecians
"purple people"; Location: Northern Canaan, present-day Lebanon and Israel; Capital: Tyre; Leader: Princess Dido; Polythesim; Purple Dye
Hebrews
Location: Canaan, present-day Israel; Leaders: Abraham, Moses, Joshua, David, Saul, Solomon; Monothesim-first civilazation
Yahweh
The only god of the Hebrews
Abraham
1st leader of the Hebrews; lead them into Egypt
Moses
led Hebrews from Egypt to Canaan; recieved 10 Commandments
David
leader of the Hebrews
Saul
The first king of the Hebrews
David
King of Hebrews; unified Jews; Established capital as Jerusalem
Solomon
son of David; built cities, temples, and established foreign trade and alliances
prophet
a religious teacher who is regarded as speaking for God or a god
"Dusty Ones"
nickname for the Hebrews
Monothesim
belief in one god